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 VOL. 23, NO. 11DECEMBER 5, 1997 


The RECORD, in an article Sept. 26 and a photo caption Oct. 3 about a symposium in honor of Columbia Professor Robert Paxton, did not challenge the existence of French Resistance fighters against the Nazis during the occupation of France in World War II. Paxton's research and groundbreaking book 25 years ago challenged the accepted wisdom of a French nation unified in resistance to the Nazis. His research demolished the view that the Vichy government had protected a nation of "40 million resisters" from the worst cruelties of the occupiers. Paxton showed the Vichy regime sought real collaboration with Germany and offered more than the Germans asked—particularly in its anti-Semitic policies—and that among the French population the wartime government remained popular until it became clear that Germany would lose the war.


  An article in the Nov. 21 issue of the RECORD incorrectly stated that the Columbia Radiation Lab is part of the Fu Foundation School of Engineering and Applied Science. In fact, it is part of the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences.