Trustees Appoint Eight to Named Professorships, Four Are New Chairs

Photograph, Lanny Garth Close.
Photograph, Andrew Delbanco. Photo Credit: Eric Himmel
Photograph, Rosalind E. Krauss.
Photograph, Paul E. Olsen. Photo Credit: Sally Savage
Photograph, Herbert Pardes.
Photograph, David Rosand.
Photograph, Suresh M. Sundaresan.
Photograph, David Weiss-Halivni Photo Credit: Joseph Piniero

The Trustees appointed eight faculty Mar. 4 to named professorships, four of which were newly established. President Rupp announced them:

Lanny Garth Close has been named the Howard W. Smith Professorship of Otolaryngology/Head & Neck Surgery, a newly created chair to be held by the chairman of the department at the College of Physicians and Surgeons. The department itself has a new, longer and more fully descriptive name.

The new professorship, funded by an anonymous donor, honors Howard W. Smith, a long-time faculty member at Yale's School of Medicine who holds a part-time clinical appointment in otolaryngology/head & neck surgery at P&S.

Smith received a dentistry degree from Tufts and worked as an instructor and a prosthodontist in the New Haven Dental Clinical Society. He later graduated from Yale's medical school, then served as chief in otolaryngology at Andrews Air Force Base before completing residency requirements in otorhinolaryngology at Yale-New Haven Hospital. He founded the New Haven Ear, Nose and Throat and Maxillo-Facial Surgery Group, the New Haven Hearing and Speech Center and the New Haven Cleft Palate Center. He served as president of the American Academy of Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery in 1982-83.

He joined the P&S faculty in 1989.

Close has been professor and chairman of the department at P&S since last August.

He joined the P&S faculty from the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center in Dallas, where he was professor and vice chairman of the otorhinolaryngology department and chairman of the head and neck surgery division.

He received his medical degree from Baylor College of Medicine and did his internship and residency in surgery at Johns Hopkins.

He also completed a residency in otolaryngology at Baylor Affiliated Hospitals and served as an assistant surgeon in head and neck surgery at M.D. Anderson Hospital and Tumor Institute in Houston.

His research focus is the treatment of laryngeal cancer and advanced squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck and endoscopic treatment of frontal sinus disease.

Andrew Delbanco, one of the nation's foremost American studies scholars, has been named Julian Clarence Levi Professor in the Humanities.

Delbanco, a specialist in American literature and in the history of religion, has taught in the department of English and comparative literature since 1985. He was educated at Harvard, where he received the B.A. summa cum laude in 1973 and the Ph.D. in 1980. He taught there until joining the Columbia faculty as associate professor. He was promoted to professor in 1987.

Delbanco, 43, serves as director of undergraduate studies in the English department and, in addition to graduate teaching, offers an undergraduate course, "Foundations of American Literature," that surveys the field from the beginning through the Civil War, and seminars in Melville, Lincoln and American romanticism.

In 1990 the students of Columbia College chose him to receive the Lionel Trilling Award for his book The Puritan Ordeal. Published by Harvard University Press (1989), it tells the dramatic tale of the 17th-century newcomers to America as they rebuilt their lives. He is also the author of William Ellery Channing: An Essay on the Liberal Spirit in America (1981) and editor of The Portable Abraham Lincoln (1992) and, with Alan Heimert, The Puritans in America (1985).

His forthcoming book The Death of Satan: How Americans Have Lost the Sense of Evil will be published in October by Farrar, Straus & Giroux.

Among Delbanco's awards are fellowships from the John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation, the National Endowment for the Humanities, the American Council of Learned Societies and the National Humanities Center. In 1993 he was elected to membership in the New York Institute for the Humanities.

He has presented papers and lectured at conferences throughout the United States and in Japan and Spain, and has published more than 30 articles.

In addition to his scholarly work, Delbanco writes regularly for The New Republic, The New York Times Book Review, The New York Review of Books, Commonweal and Partisan Review. He is co-author, with his brother, Thomas Delbanco, a 1965 graduate of the College of Physicians and Surgeons, of an essay on Alcoholics Anonymous as an American cultural institution that appears in the Mar. 20 issue of The New Yorker.

Rosalind E. Krauss, a leading critical voice among modern art historians, has been named Meyer Schapiro Professor of Modern Art and Theory at Columbia. She has been a professor at Columbia since 1992.

The Schapiro professorship is the second at Columbia to be named in honor of its eminent art historian who is now University Professor Emeritus. Krauss was appointed its first incumbent.

The new professorship was endowed with $1 million from Morris A. Schapiro, Meyer's brother, to mark the famed art historian's 90th birthday. It will be brought to full endowment with $500,000 from the estate of Lucy G. Moses. The Meyer Schapiro Professorship of Art History was established in 1978 with gifts from Schapiro's former students and colleagues in the arts community.

Morris Schapiro, an investment banker who, like Meyer, is a Columbia alumnus, has given more than $20 million to the University in recent years for Morris A. Schapiro Hall, an undergraduate residence; the Morris A. Schapiro Center for Engineering and Physical Science Research, and new professorships.

Krauss, 54, is known for her scholarship in 20th-century painting, sculpture and photography. She has written eight books, in French and English, including Terminal Iron Works: The Sculpture of David Smith (1972), The Originality of the Avant-Garde and Other Modernist Myths (1985), Le Photographique (1990), and The Optical Unconscious (1993).

As a critic and theorist she has published steadily since 1965 in Artforum, Art International and Art in America.

She was associate editor of Artforum from 1971 to 1974 and has been editor of October, a magazine she co-founded in 1976, since its establishment.

A 1962 graduate of Wellesley, Krauss received the M.A. and Ph.D. from Harvard in 1964 and 1969, respectively. She taught at Wellesley, MIT and Princeton before joining the faculty at Hunter College in 1974. She was promoted to professor in 1977 at Hunter and was also appointed professor at the Graduate Center of CUNY.

She held the title of Distinguished Professor at Hunter when she left to join the Columbia faculty.

She has been curator of many art exhibitions at leading museums, among them exhibitions on Joan Miro at the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum (1970-73), on surrealism and photography at the Corcoran Museum of Art (1982-85), on Richard Serra at the Museum of Modern Art (1985-86), and on Robert Morris at the Guggenheim (1992-94). She is presently preparing an exhibition for the Centre Georges Pompidou in Paris, to be called "Formlessness: Modernism Against the Grain" (for 1996).

She has received fellowships from the John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation and the National Endowment for the Arts and has been a fellow of the Center for Advanced Study in the Visual Arts and of the Institute for Advanced Study. She received the Frank Jewett Mather Award for criticism from the College Art Association in 1973. She has been a fellow of the New York Institute of the Humanities since 1992 and was elected a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1994.

Paul E. Olsen, the paleontologist whose research has documented a mass extinction of life on earth millions of years ago, has been named Arthur D. Storke Memorial Professor of Geological Sciences at Columbia.

Olsen has discovered three major assemblages of fossils along the east coast of the United States and Canada, which provide detailed evidence of evolutionary changes on earth between 225 million to 175 million years ago. The period encompasses the Triassic-Jurassic boundary 205 million years ago, when an as yet unknown catastrophe suddenly killed off 43 percent of land animals and even more marine animals--a mass extinction greater than that which wiped out the dinosaurs 65 million years ago.

He has discovered at least six previously unknown orders of insects, including flies and waterbugs, at a site in North Carolina; jaws and skulls of mammals' closest reptilian ancestors at a site in Virginia, and a wealth of fossils of fauna in the Bay of Fundy that survived mass extinction. Together, his discoveries have provided new perspectives on the evolution of insects, mammals, crocodiles, dinosaurs, lizards and other reptiles.

All the sites are in the Newark Supergroup, a string of ancient rift-valley lakes that stretched from Nova Scotia to the Carolinas and are all now buried. The lakes were created along the coast that formed as North America and Africa began to split apart about 235 million years ago.

With Dennis Kent, his colleague at Columbia's Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, Olsen co-led a drilling project that excavated lake sediments from an ancient Newark Supergroup lake in New Jersey. The sediments, ranging in age from 225 million to 200 million years old, represent the best continuous record of what the climate was like in Pangaea, the supercontinent that divided into all of today's major continents. The sediments changed as wet and dry climates fluctuated and alternately filled and drained the lakes. By analyzing the 25-million-year record, Olsen and colleagues have chronicled climate cycles of 400,000 and 2 million years--which could not have been detected in previously available shorter climate records. These newly documented climate cycles, Olsen theorizes, may be governed by changes in earth's orbit and its shifting gravitational interplay with Mars.

Born in New York City in 1953, Olsen was interested in fossils early on. When he was 14, he and a friend found dinosaur footprints in a quarry near Livingston, N.J., and began a campaign that successfully set aside the quarry and established the Riker Hill Dinosaur Park. He received the B.A. in geology in 1978 and the M. Phil. and Ph.D. degrees in biology in 1984, all from Yale. He joined Columbia in 1983 as an assistant professor and was promoted to associate professor in 1990.

He is a research associate at the Virginia Natural History Museum and at the American Museum of Natural History, and during the past decade he has been a member of the Steering Committee of Earth Systems History of the National Science Foundation. At Columbia, he initiated a popular undergraduate course on dinosaurs.

Herbert Pardes, vice president for health sciences and dean of the Faculty of Medicine, will be the first Hatch Professor, a newly created chair honoring the memory of Harold and Margaret Hatch. The chair's incumbent is always to be the vice president and dean.

If the two posts are not held jointly at some future time, the chair will go to the vice president. The dean will hold the professorship if the two positions are severed and the vice presidency is vacant or is eliminated.

Pardes has been vice president and dean since 1989 and the Lawrence C. Kolb Professor and chairman of psychiatry at the College of Physicians and Surgeons since 1984. He served as director of the New York State Psychiatric Institute from 1984 until assuming his joint posts in 1989. Pardes joined the Columbia faculty after serving as director of the National Institute of Mental Health and as assistant surgeon general of the U.S. Public Health Service.

A graduate of SUNY's College of Medicine in Brooklyn, Pardes also chaired the psychiatry departments at the University of Colorado and SUNY's Downstate Medical Center in the 1970s.

He is a national figure in psychiatry and in academic medicine.

His leadership of the National Institute of Mental Health focused on strengthening reimbursement and research support for psychiatry. He helped to improve the public image of psychiatry and to ensure a broad-based alliance that included psychological, sociological and biological aspects of psychiatry. He is a former president of the American Psychiatric Association.

In academic medicine ranks, Pardes is known as a prominent advocate for academic health centers. Currently chairman-elect of the Association of American Medical Colleges, Pardes will assume the post of chairman, the highest elected position in AAMC's governing body, this fall. Most recently, he was instrumental in gaining White House and Congressional recognition of issues critical to academic medicine during health care reform discussions. He is in the forefront of issues that pertain to academic medicine and its funding on federal, state and local levels.

At Columbia, Pardes has championed the growth of the research, education and service missions of the Health Sciences Division. The research program has grown to be one of the largest in the world. He also has spearheaded a massive physical plant improvement program, including construction of a new multimillion dollar facility for the New York State Psychiatric Institute and the $300 million Audubon Biomedical Science and Technology Park, New York City's first facility designed and constructed for the biotechnology industry.

David Rosand,an authority on Renaissance art of Venice and the history and criticism of graphic arts, has been named Meyer Schapiro Professor of Art History.

Rosand, 56, who was educated at Columbia, earning the B.A., Phi Beta Kappa, in 1959, the M.A. in 1962 and the Ph.D. in 1965. He has been a faculty member at the University since 1964 and was promoted to professor in 1973. He was a student of Meyer Schapiro, the legendary Columbia art historian whose contributions to the field have educated a legion of admirers and led to the establishment of two professorial chairs at Columbia in his name. Rosand organized the recent symposium at the Metropolitan Museum of Art to celebrate Schapiro's 90th birthday.

A scholar as devoted to teaching as to research, Rosand was among Columbia College professors honored last fall with the Hamilton Medal for their distinguished service in teaching the College's signature required courses in Contemporary Civilization and the Humanities known as the Core Curriculum.

He is the author of several books on Titian, all of which have been translated into Italian or French or both, including Titian and the Venetian Woodcut (co-authored with Michelangelo Muraro), Titian, for the Harry N. Abrams Library of Great Painters, Painting in Cinquecento Venice: Titian, Veronese, Tintoretto, and The Meaning of the Mark: Leonardo and Titian. Additionally, he has edited four books: Titian: His World and His Legacy, Rubens and His Circle: Studies by Julius S. Held, Castiglione: The Ideal and the Real in Renaissance Culture (with Robert W. Hanning) and Interpretazioni Veneziane: Studi di storia dell'arte in onore di Michelangelo Muraro. He has published more than 70 articles and 16 exhibition reviews.

He was founding co-editor of The Second Coming Magazine, launched in 1960, and is on the editorial board of Arion, A Journal of Humanities and the Classics, the advisory board of the Imago Musicae: International Yearbook of Musical Iconography and the advisory committee of the Venezia Cinquecento.

His service to the department of art history and archaeology has included assignments as department chairman (1981-84, 1990-94), representative for Columbia College, and director of graduate studies. He has also been chairman of the art humanities program and the governing board of the Society of Fellows in the Humanities and director of the Miriam and Ira D. Wallach Fine Arts Center.

He was guest curator of "Titian and the Venetian Woodcut" at the National Gallery of Art, and curatorial adviser to "The Pastoral Landscape" at the Phillips Collection and National Gallery, "Jacapo Bassano: A Quadricentennial Retrospective" at the Museo Civico, Bassano, and Kimbell Art Museum, Fort Worth. Fellowships and research grants have been awarded by the American Council of Learned Societies, the American Philosophical Society, the Gladys Krieble Delmas Foundation, the Fulbright program, the Guggenheim Memorial Foundation, the National Endowment for the Humanities, and the Rockefeller Foundation Bellagio Study and Conference Center.

Suresh M. Sundaresan has been appointed the Chase Manhattan Bank Foundation Professor of Financial Institutions.

Sundaresan joined the faculty in 1980 as assistant professor of business, became associate professor in 1983, and received tenure in 1987.

He has taught MBA courses on corporate finance, debt markets, futures markets and options markets, and doctoral courses on the survey of research in finance, the use of continuous time models and applications in capital markets.

Sundaresan received a B.E. degree from University of Madras, India, in 1971, and a post graduate diploma in business administration from Indian Institute of Management in 1973. He earned an M.S. and a Ph.D. from Carnegie Mellon University in 1978 and 1980, respectively. Prior to joining Columbia Business School, he was a faculty member of the Administrative Staff College of India, Hyderabad. He also has been a visiting associate professor of finance at the University of Chicago.

His research includes application of general equilibrium theory to consumption and savings decisions, equilibrium asset pricing theory, term structure theory, valuation and risk management of derivative securities and fixed-income securities markets. His research on the equilibrium pricing of forward and futures contracts has made a significant impact. By modeling habit formation in the preferences of consumers, he was able to explain the observed smoothing of per capita consumption in the economy and generate implications for portfolio decisions and equilibrium asset pricing.

His research in risk management of interest rate swaps and measuring capital adequacy for market makers in swap transactions has contributed to the analysis by exchanges and the Federal Reserve of default risk in swaps and potential systemic risk in rapidly growing markets for over-the- counter derivative contracts. His research in fixed-income securities provides a framework for the design and valuation of corporate debt securities, integrating research ideas in corporate finance and capital markets.

Sundaresan has been a consultant to a number of investment banks, including Lehman Brothers and Bankers Trust, in the areas of fixed-income markets, derivatives and risk management, and has organized training programs in these areas for Goldman Sachs, Crédit Suisse and First Boston Corp.

David Weiss-Halivni, the renowned Talmudic scholar who has been professor of religion at Columbia since 1986, has been named Lucius N. Littauer Professor of Classical Jewish Civilization. The Professorship was established with a gift from the Lucius N. Littauer Foundation, and Weiss-Halivni is its first incumbent.

To mark Weiss-Halivni's appointment to the faculty, Columbia's Center for Israel and Jewish Studies and the department of religion convened a conference of international scholars at the University in April 1987 to discuss the topic "The Senses of Scripture: Modes and Methods of Interpretation in Jewish Tradition."

Weiss-Halivni, 66, was born in Romania and was ordained as a rabbi at Yeshiva Sighet in 1944. He received the B.A. in 1953 from Brooklyn College, which awarded him a medal for excellence in philosophy. He received the M.A. in 1956 from NYU and went on to further graduate study at Jewish Theological Seminary in New York, where he received the M.H.L. in 1957 and the D.H.L. in 1958 for his thesis on "Fragments of a Commentary on the Treatise Taanit."

He taught at Jewish Theological Seminary beginning in 1957 and was Morris Adler Professor of Rabbinics there from 1969 until his full-time appointment to Columbia, where he had taught as adjunct professor. He has been visiting professor at Hebrew.

Weiss-Halivni was the subject of a warmly personal, biographical article in The New York Times Magazine ("A Life in the Talmud," Sept. 19, 1977) that recounted his life-long devotion to scholarly study of the Talmud and experiences in several concentration camps during World War II. He emigrated to the United States in 1947.

Weiss-Halivni is former president of the American Academy for Jewish Research. He has been the recipient of a Guggenheim Fellowship, a Louis Ginsburg Fellowship and grants from the Council for Research in the Humanities and the National Endowment for the Humanities. He is a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. He was awarded the Bialik Prize by the city of Tel Aviv in 1985. His honorary degrees include a doctorate from the University of Haifa in Israel and one to be received in May from Lund University in Sweden.

He has written and edited numerous books on Jewish theology, among them Midrash, Mishnah and Gemara (Harvard University Press, 1986) and Peshat and Drash (Oxford University Press, 1991). He is at work on a 10-volume study on the History of the Transmission of the Talmudic Text, 100 through 700 C.E., and its bearing on the history of exegesis, of which Volume 6 will soon appear.

The Littauer Foundation has supported Jewish Studies at Columbia for nearly 50 years, funding research projects, seminars and institutes. Its pledge of $1 million to create the Littauer Professorship will be supplemented with $500,000 from the estate of Lucy G. Moses to bring it to full endowment.

Columbia University Record -- March 24, 1995 -- Vol. 20, No. 21