Sciences Names Scholars to 14 Tenured Faculty Positions


Photograph: Maryse Condè.
Photograph: Charles James Hailey.
Photograph: Janet Metcalfe.
Photograph: Hilary Ballon.
Photograph: Jean Cohen.
Photograph: Steven M. Kahn.
Photograph: Elena Aprile.
Photograph: Lydia Goehr.
Photograph: Pierre Force.
Photograph: Cathy Popkin.
Photograph: David Chambliss Johnston.
Photograph: Mark Thomas Tucker.

This week President Rupp offered congratulations to 14 faculty members awarded tenure by the Trustees. Of these, eight have been promoted from positions within Columbia, and six join the faculty from other institutions.

Rupp said: "Speaking for the entire Columbia community, I extend a warm welcome to our colleagues new to campus and offer proud congratulations to the exemplary faculty members who have been with us for some time. In these newly tenured faculty members we have some of the most accomplished scholars in their fields, and, bolstered by their contributions, we will continue our commitment to higher thought and our tradition of excellence."

Columbia faculty being promoted to tenured professor include: Elena Aprile, physics; Hilary Ballon, art history and archaeology; Jean Cohen, political science; Pierre Force, French; Jules Halpern, astronomy; David Johnston, political science; Cathy Popkin, Slavic languages, and Mark Tucker, music.

The professors joining Columbia with tenure include: Maryse Condé, French; Jon Elster, political science (his appointment as Merton Professor was reported Sept. 15); Lydia Goehr, philosophy; Charles Hailey, physics; Steven Kahn, physics, and Janet Metcalfe, psychology.

David Cohen, vice president of arts and sciences, concurred with Rupp on the importance of the occasion: "It is, indeed, exciting and gratifying to have as colleagues these new and recently tenured faculty. Scholars and teachers of such distinction create the uncommon intellectual environment that is unique to Columbia. I look forward to working with them as we strive to advance Columbia yet further through that rarefied atmosphere of the most distinguished of universities."

Provost Jonathan Cole said: "To achieve true academic distinction, a research university must have the ability to recruit and nurture faculty who are both unusually able scholars and teachers. Those in the tenured faculty represent the core of the University and its long-term commitment to excellence. The addition of the 14 new members of the arts and sciences to this core is notable because of the extraordinary quality of the group. They will add still more lustre to Columbia's distinguished reputation in the arts and sciences."

Joining the Columbia faculty as tenured professors are:

Maryse Condé joined the faculty of French and Romance philology as a full professor this year. She was formerly at UC-Berkeley and the universities of Maryland and Virginia.

Condé received the doctoral degree in comparative literature from the University of Paris-Sorbonne in 1975.

Condé has written eight French-language novels and numerous short stories and plays, many of which have been translated into English. Her plays have been produced in New York and Paris, among other cities. She has edited three critical anthologies, and taught and lectured throughout Africa, the West Indies, Europe and the United States, including at the University of Nairobi, Kenya. For two years in the late 1960s she was a program director for the French services of the BBC.

Among her literary awards are: Grand Prix Littéraire de la Femme for her novel, Moi, Tituba sorciere, noire de Salem and Prix de L'Academie Francaise for La Vie Scelerate. Condé has been a Fulbright Scholar, Bellagio Writer-in-Residence at the Rockefeller Foundation, Puterbaugh Fellow at the University of Oklahoma and Guggenheim Fellow.

Her articles have appeared in Notre Librairie, Présence Africaine, Recherche, and Pédagogie et Culture.

She has been awarded honorary Doctor of Letters degrees from Occidental College in Los Angeles and Lehman College, CUNY.

Lydia Goehr joins the faculty as full professor in the philosophy department with a specialty in aesthetics and the philosophy of music. Goehr comes from Wesleyan, where she began as an assistant Professor in 1989 and then was promoted to associate and department chair.

She was a Mellon Fellow at Harvard and an assistant professor at Boston University.

Goehr received her education in Britain at Manchester University, where she was awarded the B.A. in philosophy in 1982 and at Cambridge University, where she received the doctoral degree in philosophy in 1987.

She is working on a new book, The Great Refusal: Philosophical Essays on the Censorship, Silence, and Secrets of Classical Music, and she will be contributing to the new edition of the Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians. In 1992, she published The Imaginary Museum of Musical Works: An Essay in the Philosophy of Music.

Her essays and reviews have been published in The Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism, The Yale Review, Handbook of Metaphysics and Ontology (Munich), Music and Letters and Notes.

Goehr serves on the editorial board of History and Theory, as program co-chair of this year's annual meeting of the American Society for Aesthetics, and elected trustee in the American Society for Aesthetics.

She is a violinist and has played with various orchestras and chamber music groups.

Charles James Hailey joins Columbia as professor of physics from the Laboratory for Experimental Astrophysics at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, University of California, where he was the V/L-Division program leader for Space Science and Technology. There he was also the associate program leader for Intelligence and National Security Technology in the Nonproliferation, Arms Control and International Security Directorate.

Hailey received a B.A. in physics from Cornell and a Ph.D. in physics from Columbia.

He had worked at the Livermore National Laboratory since 1986, and was previously a senior research scientist at KMS Fusion in Ann Arbor, Mich.

His many special research positions have included: principal investigator for the NASA programs on Gamma-ray Arcminute Telescope Imaging System and co-investigator and US project scientist for NASA's XMM Reflection Grating Spectrometer.

Hailey's appointments include: the NASA High Energy Astrophysics Management Operations Working Group; NASA Peer Review Panel for Ultraviolet, Visible and Gravitational Astrophysics Research and Analysis Program; and served as chairman of the SPIE Conference on EUV, X-ray and Gamma-ray Instrumentation for Astronomy and Atomic Physics.

Hailey holds a US patent on "Fiber-Fed Imaging Spectrometer," and three times received the Outstanding Achievement Award from the Livermore National Laboratory Physics Department.

He has published more than 50 articles.

Steven M. Kahn joins Columbia as professor of physics. He comes from UC-Berkeley, where he was a professor of physics and astronomy.

He graduated summa cum laude from Columbia College in 1975 and received the Ph.D. in physics from UC-Berkeley in 1980. He was a post-doctoral research fellow at the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics in 1980-82.

Kahn was assistant professor of physics at Columbia from 1982 to 1984. Then he joined the faculty at UC-Berkeley, where he was associate professor of physics and of astronomy before becoming full professor. He also served as acting director and associate director of the UC-Berkeley Space Sciences Laboratory. In the 1990-91 school year, he was a visiting professor in the department of astronomy and astrophysics at the University of Chicago. Kahn has held many appointments for NASA research programs, including: principal investigator of the Long-Term Space Astrophysics Program and principal investigator of the X-ray Astronomy Research and Analysis Program.

He has served as chairman of the academic senate Committee on the Status of Women and Ethnic Minorities at UC-Berkeley and chairman of Scientific Organizing Committee of the Tenth International Colloquium on Ultraviolet and X-ray Spectroscopy of Astrophysical and Laboratory Plasmas.

Kahn's awards include a fellowship to the American Physical Society, the Earl C. Anthony Fellowship in physics and the Andrew R. Mikelson Prize in physics.

He has published more than 80 articles

Janet Metcalfe joins Columbia as professor of psychology; She comes from Dartmouth, where she has been on the faculty since 1990, first as associate professor of psychology, then as full professor since 1993.

She has two bachelor's degrees, the M.A. and the Ph.D., all from the University of Toronto. Prior to Dartmouth, she was associate professor of psychology at Indiana University and assistant professor at the University of British Columbia.

Metcalfe is one of few scientists with expertise in the cognitive, mathematical and biological aspects of psychology. Her work on associative memory has established the centrality of the concept of composite memory trace. She developed a theory of human memory and showed that it predicts a series of qualitative findings in human memory. She has shown in detail how the memory of eyewitnesses can be altered by information introduced by a questioner, and this work has helped to resolve major controversies over the reliability of eyewitness testimony. Her work on metacognitive judgments in problem solving has influenced the theory of creativity in problem solving. She has published 30 articles in her field.

In 1988, she received the Outstanding Young Faculty Award from the University of Indiana and grants the National Institute of Mental Health, the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada and the James S. McDonnell Foundation.

Metcalfe serves on the editorial board of the Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory and Cognition and the Journal of Experimental Psychology.

Columbia professors promoted to tenure include:

Elena Aprile has been a member of the physics department since 1986, first as an assistant professor and from 1990 as an associate professor.

Born in Milano, Aprile received her doctoral degree in physics (Laurea, cum laude) from the University of Naples in 1978. She went on to study nuclear physics at the University of Geneva, Switzerland, and was awarded the Ph.D. in physics.

In 1983, Aprile became a research associate at Harvard, where she participated in the pioneering work of Nobel Laureate Carlo Rubbia on a large liquid argon imaging detector for a new generation of proton decay and neutrino physics experiments.

At Columbia, Aprile turned toward the field of high energy gamma ray astrophysics. As a member of the Columbia Astrophysics Laboratory she initiated a research program to investigate the properties of noble liquids and their application in radiation detectors for particle physics and astrophysics.

Aprile has published more than 60 articles in journals and is a member of various NASA working groups. She received an NSF Career Advancement Award, and, with one of her graduate students, recently was awarded a patent on "A Vacuum Ultraviolet Light Source Based on Rare Gas Scintillation."

In 1990, Aprile spent one year on leave at the Institute for Cosmic Rays at Waseda University, Japan, as a research fellow from the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science.

Hilary Ballon joined the department of art history and archaeology at Columbia in 1986 as an assistant professor, following a Mellon Fellowship at Columbia's Society of Fellows. In 1991 she became associate professor.

Ballon received the B.A. with High Honors from Princeton and the Ph.D. from M.I.T. Her expertise is in Renaissance and Baroque architecture and urbanism.

The Paris of Henri IV; Architecture and Urbanism (1991) received the Alice Davis Hitchcock Prize for the Most Distinguished Scholarship in the History of Architecture, 1991-1992. Ballon has also written Mazarin's College, Colbert's Revenge, and her articles have appeared in the Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians, Burlington, Studies in the History of Art, among other publications. Her current research is on Frank Lloyd Wright's urban designs.

Ballon has received fellowships from the National Gallery of Art, the Getty Museum and the Institute for Advanced Studies, where she was a visiting member. She is the book review editor for foreign topics of the Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians. At Columbia, Ballon won the Philip and Ruth Hettleman Teaching Award and the is the director of art humanities.

Jean Cohen has been a member of the department of political science since 1984, first as an assistant professor and since 1990 as associate professor.

Cohen received her Ph.D. from the New School for Social Research in 1979. She specializes in contemporary political theory, gender and the law and continental political thought.

Prior to joining Columbia, she taught at UC-Berkeley and at Bennington College.

Cohen has been a visiting fellow at the Institut für die Wissenschaften von Menschen in Vienna, co-director of the Seminar on Philosophy and the Social Sciences at the Inter-University Center, Dubrovnik, and a fellow at the Russell Sage foundation.

She has written two books, Civil Society and Political Theory and Class and Civil Society: The Limits of Marxian Critical Theory; and translated works by Claude Offe and Claude Lefort. Her many articles have been published in Columbia Journal of Gender and Law, Dissent and Praxis International, Social Research, and in various essay volumes. She has also served as associate editor of many journals, including Telos, Constellations, Philosophy and Social Criticism and Dissent.

Pierre Force has been an associate professor of French and Romance philology since 1992. He was assistant professor at Columbia since 1987. Prior to Columbia, he was a lecturer at Yale and Johns Hopkins.

Force received the B.A. in classics in 1979, the M.A. in French in 1980 and the doctorate in French in 1987, all from the University of Paris-Sorbonne. He was also a fellow of the Ecole normale supérieure in Paris.

He has published two books: Moliere ou le Prix des choses; Morale, économie et comédie and Le Probleme herméneutique chez Pascal.

Force's many articles include "Beyond Metalanguage: Bathmology" in After Roland Barthes and "Pascal's War Machine" in French Seventeenth Century Literature.

He has delivered lectures at the University of Paris-Sorbonne, N.Y.U., Fordham and Yale.

In 1994, he organized the conference, "French Moralists in America; A French-American Dialogue on Moral Philosophy" at Columbia.

His academic honors include a fellowship from the Columbia University Council for Research in the Humanities.

David Chambliss Johnston has been a member of the political science department since 1986, first as an assistant professor then as an associate professor. Prior to Columbia, Johnston was an assistant professor at Yale.

Johnston attended Harvard and Swarthmore, where he received a B.A. in political science in 1972. In 1975 he was awarded the master's degree from Oxford and in 1981 the Ph.D. in politics from Princeton.

Johnston has written two books, The Idea of a Liberal Theory and The Rhetoric of Leviathan: Thomas Hobbes and the Politics of Cultural Transformation. He is the editor of a forthcoming Norton Critical Edition of Hobbes's Leviathan. His essays have appeared in several books, and he has also published articles or reviews in the American Political Science Review, History of Political Thought, Social Science Quarterly and The New York Times.

In 1993-94 Johnston was president of the New York State Political Science Association. He has been awarded fellowships twice by the American Council of Learned Societies and while at Yale was the recipient of a Morse Fellowship.

Cathy Popkin joined the faculty in 1986 as an assistant professor of Slavic languages. She has been associate professor since 1992. Prior to coming to Columbia, she was an assistant professor at Dartmouth.

She received her B.A. in 1976 from Wesleyan and her Ph.D. in comparative literature from Stanford in 1985. Her major fields are nineteenth and twentieth century Russian prose and literary theory.

Her book, The Pragmatics of Insignificance: Chekhov, Zoshchenko, Gogol, was published in 1993 by Stanford University Press. Forthcoming from Oxford University Press is the co-authored Russian Cultural Studies.

Her work in progress includes Bodies of Knowledge: Chekhov's Corpus and Inscribing the Wall: Figures of Confinement in Russian Literature. Her articles have appeared in Slavic Review, Russian Literature, Essays in Poetics, and several edited volumes.

She has received fellowships and grants from the Kennan Institute for Advanced Russian Studies, the American Council for Learned Societies, the National Endowment for the Humanities and the Whiting Foundation.

Mark Thomas Tucker has taught in the music department since 1987, first as an assistant professor then as an associate professor since 1993. In the spring of 1994, Tucker taught at Harvard as a visiting associate professor in the department of Afro-American studies.

Tucker received his B.A. in music and M.M. in piano at Yale in 1975 and 1976, respectively. He received his M.A. and Ph.D. in musicology at the University of Michigan in 1983 and 1986, respectively.

His books include: The Duke Ellington Reader, Ellington: The Early Years and Jazz from the Beginning. His articles have been widely published, including "Waking up to the 80's in the 90's" and "Jazz Just Keeps Knocking at the Concert Hall Door" in The New York Times. He has written 50 articles for New Oxford Companion to Music, The New Grove Dictionary of American Music, The New Grove Dictionary of Jazz, and The Readers' Encyclopedia of American History.

His reviews have appeared in Music and Letters, Jazz Times, Notes, and American Music. Tucker has performed in special concerts around the country, including at the Kennedy Center.


Columbia University Record -- October 13, 1995 -- Vol. 21, No. 6