Friday Synthesis Symposium - Dan Weix
Friday Synthesis Symposium
Presented by Prof. Dan Weix, Rochester
The catalytic coupling of nucleophilic carbon reagents with carbon electrophiles has become a cornerstone of modern synthesis. The built-in bias of these substrates enables selective cross-coupling, but the need for preformed organometallic reagents (1) limits the number of commercially available derivatives; (2) incurs extra steps for their synthesis that are often temperature, air, and moisture sensitive; and (3) reduces the number of accessible target molecules due to functional-group compatibility and stability problems. These limitations, in turn, influence which potential drugs are synthesized and tested. Instead of synthesizing the best molecules, we often must settle for what can be easily made. Substitution of a second electrophile for the organometallic partner in cross-couplings offers the potential to dramatically increase the number and types of molecules that can be easily made because of the large number of commercially available carbon electrophiles (>1 million R-X vs. ~5 thousand R-B(OH)2) and the low cost of all components. While the se lective union of two different electrophiles introduces its own challenges, such as selectivity for cross-coupling over dimerization and the generally limited understanding of the mechanisms, we have recently validated this approach. Reductive analogs to conventional crosscoupling, conjugate addition/enolate trapping, and ketone synthesis will be discussed, with a particular emphasis on our current understanding of the mechanistic origin of the observed cross-selectivity.
Friday, October 12, 2012 at 4pm
Room 209 Havemeyer