Herodotus on India

Since he offers our earliest outside account of India, Herodotus is uniquely important. Here are the relevant passages, in the Godley translation; each prose passage is hyperlinked to the very useful "Project Perseus" site:

*BOOK 3: 38* ~~ on the Callatiae, who eat their parents

*BOOK 3: 89-97* ~~ on the various provinces of Darius's empire, showing how the Indians (94) fit in

*BOOK 3: 98-106* ~~ on the Indians' gold, featuring the famous gold-digging ants; and on some of the various kinds of Indians (and here's a new *theory about the ants*!)

*BOOK 4: 40* ~~ on India as the eastern boundary of the known world

*BOOK 4: 44* ~~ on the Indus River, Darius, and Scylax of Caryanda

*BOOK 7: 65, 70, 86, 187* ~~ on the Indian foot soldiers and cavalry in Xerxes's army

*BOOK 8: 113* ~~ on the merits of the Indian troops in Xerxes's army

MORE ABOUT HERODOTUS ~~ *isidore-of-seville*

*A map of the world as Herodotus envisioned it*


George Rawlinson (1812-1902) ~~ The history of Herodotus. A new English version, / ed. with copious notes and appendices, illustrating the history and geography of Herodotus, from the most recent sources of information; and embodying the chief results, historical and ethnographical, which have been obtained in the progress of cuneiform and hieroglyphical discovery by George Rawlinson assisted by Col. Sir Henry Rawlinson and Sir J. G. Wilkinson. London: J. Murray, 1862; 4 vols. ~~ *Adelaide University*

George Campbell Macaulay (1852-1915) ~~ The history of Herodotus / translated into English by G.C Macaulay. London : Macmillan, 1914,c1904. 2 vols. ~~ *irritating site full of ads*; *Project Gutenberg volume 1*; *Project Gutenberg volume 2*

Alfred Denis Godley (1856-1924) ~~ Herodotus, with an English translation by A.D. Godley ...Loeb classical library. London, W. Heinemann; New York, G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1921-24. 4 vols. ~~ *Project Perseus*

Shlomo Felberbaum ~~ new online translation: *Lost Trails*


~~ FWP's main page ~~