PART THREE, BOOK THREE -- A Voyage to the Pacific Ocean,
undertaken by the Command of his Majesty, for making Discoveries in the
Northern Hemisphere; to determine the Position and Extent of the West Side
of North America, its Distance from Asia, and the Practicability of a Northern
Passage to Europe. Performed under the Direction of Captains Cook, Clerke,
and Gore, in his Majesty's Ships the Resolution and Discovery, in the Years
1776, 1777, 1778, 1779, & 1780.
15, Project Gutenberg text*] (cont'd)
Chapter 1 -- Transactions from the Beginning of the Voyage
till our Departure from New Zealand
Section 1 -- Various Preparations for the Voyage. Omai's Behaviour
on embarking. Observations for determining the Longitude of Sheerness,
and the North Foreland. Passage of the Resolution from Deptford to Plymouth.
Employments there. Complements of the Crews of both Ships, and Names of
the Officers. Observations to fix the Longitude of Plymouth. Departure
of the Resolution.
Chapter 2 -- From leaving New Zealand to our Arrival at Otaheite,
or the Society Islands.
Section 2 -- Passage of the Resolution to Teneriffe. Reception there.
Description of Santa Cruz Road. Refreshments to be met with. Observations
for fixing the Longitude of Teneriffe. Some Account of the Island. Botanical
Observations. Cities of Santa Cruz and Laguna, Agriculture. Air and Climate.
Section 3 -- Departure from Teneriffe. Danger of the Ship near Bonavista.
Isle of Mayo. Port Praya. Precautions against the Rain and sultry Weather
in the Neighbourhood of the Equator. Position of the Coast of Brazil. Arrival
at the Cape of Good Hope. Transactions there. Junction of the Discovery.
Mr Anderson's Journey up the Country. Astronomical Observations. Nautical
Remarks on the Passage from England to the Cape, with regard to the Currents
and the Variation.
Section 4 -- The two Ships leave the Cape of Good Hope. Two Islands,
named Prince Edward's, seen, and their Appearance described. Kerguelen's
Land visited. Arrival in Christmas Harbour. Occurrences there. Description
Section 5 -- Departure from Christmas Harbour. Range along the Coast,
to discover its Position and Extent. Several Promontories and Bays, and
a Peninsula, described and named. Danger from Shoals, Another Harbour and
a Sound. Mr Anderson's Observations on the Natural Productions, Animals,
Soil, etc. of Kerguelen's Land.
Section 6 -- Passage from Kerguelen's to Van Diemen's Land. Arrival
in Adventure Bay. Incidents there. Interviews with the Natives. Their Persons
and Dress described. Account of their Behaviour. Table of the Longitude,
Latitude, and Variation. Mr Anderson's Observations on the Natural, Productions
of the Country, on the Inhabitants, and their Language.
Section 7 -- The Passage from Van Diemen's Land to New Zealand. Employments
in Queen Charlotte's Sound. Transactions with the Natives there. Intelligence
about the Massacre of the Adventure's Boat's Crew. Account of the Chief
who headed the Party on that Occasion. Of the two young Men who embark
to attend Omai. Various Remarks on the Inhabitants. Astronomical and Nautical
Section 8 -- Mr Anderson's Remarks on the Country near Queen Charlotte's
Sound. The Soil. Climate. Weather. Winds. Trees. Plants. Birds. Fish. Other
Animals. Of the Inhabitants. Description of their Persons. Their Dress.
Ornaments. Habitations. Boats. Food and Cookery. Arts. Weapons. Cruelty
to Prisoners. Various Customs. Specimen of their Language.
Section 1 -- Prosecution of the Voyage. Behaviour of the two
New Zealanders on board. Unfavourable Winds. An Island called Mangeea discovered.
The Coast of it examined. Transactions with the Natives. An Account of
their Persons, Dress, and Canoes. Description of the Island. A Specimen
of the Language. Disposition of the Inhabitants.
16, Project Gutenberg text*]
Section 2 -- The Discovery of an Island called Wateeoo. Its Coasts
examined.--Visits from the Natives on board the Ships. Mess, Gore, Burney,
and Anderson, with Omai, sent on Shore. Mr Anderson's Narrative of their
Reception. Omai's Expedient to prevent their being detained. His meeting
with some of his Countrymen, and their distressful Voyage. Farther Account
of Wateeoo, and of its Inhabitants.
Section 3 -- Wenooa-ette, or Otokootaia, visited. Account of that Island,
and of its Produce. Hervey's Island, or Terougge mou Attooa, found to be
inhabited. Transactions with the Natives. Their Persons, Dress, Language,
Canoes. Fruitless Attempt to land there. Reason for bearing away for the
Friendly Islands. Palmerston's Island touched at. Description of the two
Places where the Boats landed. Refreshments obtained there. Conjectures
on the Formation of such low Islands. Arrival at the Friendly Islands.
Section 4 -- Intercourse with the Natives of Komango, and other Islands.
Arrival at Annamooka. Transactions there. Feenou, a principal Chief, from
Tongataboo, comes on a Visit. The Manner of his Reception in the Island,
and on board. Instances of the pilfering Disposition of the Natives. Some
Account of Annamooka. The Passage from it to Hepaee.
Section 5 -- Arrival of the Ships at Hepaee, and friendly Reception
there. Presents and Solemnities on the Occasion. Single Combats with Clubs.
Wrestling and Boxing Matches. Female Combatants. Marines exercised. A Dance
performed by Men. Fireworks exhibited. The Night-entertainments of Singing
and Dancing particularly described.
Section 6 -- Description of Lefooga. Its cultivated State. Its Extent.
Transactions there. A female Oculist. Singular Expedients for shaving off
the Hair. The Ships change their Station. A remarkable Mount and Stone.
Description of Hoolaiva. Account of Poulaho, King of the Friendly Islands.
Respectful Manner in which he is treated by his People. Departure from
the Hepaee Islands. Some Account of Kotoo. Return of the Ships to Annamooka.
Poulaho and Feenou meet Arrival at Tongataboo.
Section 7 -- Friendly Reception at Tongataboo. Manner of distributing
a baked Hog and Kava to Poulaho's Attendants. The Observatory, etc. erected.
The Village where the Chiefs reside, and the adjoining Country, described.
Interviews with Mareewagee, and Toobou, and the King's Son. A grand Haiva,
or Entertainment of Songs and Dances, given by Mareewagee. Exhibition of
Fireworks. Manner of Wrestling and Boxing. Distribution of the Cattle.
Thefts committed by the Natives. Poulaho, and the other Chiefs, confined
on that Account. Poulaho's Present and Haiva.
Section 8 -- Some of the Officers plundered by the Natives. A fishing
Party. A Visit to Poulaho. A Fiatooka described. Observations on the Country
Entertainments at Poulaho's House. His Mourning Ceremony. Of the Kava Plant,
and the Manner of preparing the Liquor. Account of Onevy, a little Island.
One of the Natives wounded by a Sentinel. Messrs King and Anderson visit
the King's Brother. Their Entertainment. Another Mourning Ceremony. Manner
of passing the Night. Remarks on the Country they passed through. Preparations
for Sailing. An Eclipse of the Sun, imperfectly observed. Mr Anderson's
Account of the Island, and its Productions.
Section 9 -- A grand Solemnity, called Natche, in Honour of the King's
Son, performed. The Procession and other Ceremonies, during the first Day,
described. The Manner of passing the Night at the King's House. Continuation
of the Solemnity the next Day; Conjectures about the Nature of it. Departure
from Tongataboo, and the Arrival at Eooa. Account of that Island, and Transactions
Section 10 -- Advantages derived from visiting the Friendly Islands.
Best Articles for Traffic. Refreshments that may be procured. The Number
of the Islands, and their Names. Keppel's and Boscawen's Islands belong
to them. Account of Vavaoo, of Hamao, of Feejee. Voyages of the Natives
in their Canoes. Difficulty of procuring exact Information. Persons of
the Inhabitants of both Sexes. Their Colour. Diseases. Their general Character.
Manner of wearing their Hair. Of puncturing their Bodies. Their Clothing
and Ornaments. Personal Cleanliness.
Section 11 -- Employments of the Women at the Friendly Islands. Of
the Men. Agriculture. Construction of their Houses. Their working Tools.
Cordage and fishing Implements. Musical Instruments. Weapons. Food and
Cookery. Amusements. Marriage. Mourning Ceremonies for the Dead. Their
Divinities. Notions about the Soul, and a future State. Their Places of
Worship. Government. Manner of paying Obeisance to the King. Account of
the Royal Family. Remarks on their Language, and Specimen of it. Nautical
and other Observations.
Appendix 1 -- A Vocabulary of the Language of the Friendly Isles.
Appendix 2 -- A Vocabulary of the Language of Atooi, one of the Sandwich
Chapter 3 -- Transactions at Otaheite, and the Society
Islands; and prosecution of the Voyage to the Coast of North America
Section 1 -- An Eclipse of the Moon observed. The Island Toobouai
discovered. Its Situation, Extent, and Appearance. Intercourse with its
Inhabitants. Their Persons, Dresses, and Canoes described. Arrival at Oheitepeha
Bay, at Otaheite. Omai's Reception and imprudent Conduct. Account of Spanish
Ships twice visiting the Island. Interview with the Chief of this District.
The Olla, or God, of Bolabola. A mad Prophet. Arrival in Matavai Bay.
Chapter 4 -- Transactions, amongst the Natives of North America;
Discoveries along that Coast and the Eastern Extremity of Asia, Northward
to Icy Cape; and return Southward to the Sandwich Islands
Section 2 -- Interview with Otoo, King of the Island, Imprudent Conduct
of Omai. Employments on Shore. European Animals landed. Particulars about
a Native who had visited Lima. About Oedidee. A Revolt in Eimeo. War with
that Island determined upon, in a Council of Chiefs. A human Sacrifice
on that Account. A particular Relation of the Ceremonies at the great Morai,
where the Sacrifice was offered. Other barbarous Customs of this People.
Section 3 -- Conference with Towha. Heevas described. Omai and Oedidee
give Dinners. Fireworks exhibited. A remarkable Present of Cloth. Manner
of preserving the Body [pg vii] of a dead Chief. Another human Sacrifice.
Riding on Horseback. Otoo's Attention to supply Provisions, and prevent
Thefts. Animals given to him. Etary, and the Deputies of a Chief, have
Audiences. A mock Fight of two War Canoes. Naval Strength of these Islands.
Manner of conducting a War.
Section 4 -- The Day of Sailing fixed. Peace made with Eimeo. Debates
about it, and Otoo's Conduct blamed. A Solemnity at the Morai on the Occasion,
described by Mr King. Observations upon it. Instance of Otoo's Art. Omai's
War-Canoe, and Remarks upon his Behaviour. Otoo's Present, and Message
to the King of Great Britain. Reflections on our Manner of Traffic, and
on the good Treatment we met with at Otaheite. Account of the Expedition
of the Spaniards. Their Fictions to depreciate the English. Wishes expressed
that no Settlement may be made. Omai's Jealousy of another Traveller.
Section 5 -- Arrival at Eimeo. Two Harbours there, and an Account of
them. Visit from Maheine, Chief of the Island. His Person described. A
Goat stolen, and sent back with the Thief. Another Goat stolen, and secreted.
Measures taken on the Occasion. Expedition cross the Island. Houses and
Canoes burnt. The Goat delivered up, and Peace restored. Some Account of
the Island, &c.
Section 6 -- Arrival at Huaheine. Council of the Chiefs. Omai's Offerings,
and Speech to the Chiefs. His Establishment in this Island agreed to. A
House built, and Garden planted for him. Singularity of his Situation.
Measures taken to insure his Safety. Damage done by Cock-roaches on board
the Ships. A Thief detected and punished. Fireworks exhibited. Animals
left with Omai. His Family. Weapons. Inscription on his House. His Behaviour
on the Ships leaving the Island. Summary View of his [pg viii] Conduct
and Character. Account of the two New Zealand Youths.
Section 7 -- Arrival at Ulietea. Astronomical Observations. A Marine
deserts, and is delivered up. Intelligence from Omai. Instructions to Captain
Clerke. Another Desertion of a Midshipman and a Seaman. Three of the chief
Persons of the Island confined on that Account. A Design to seize Captains
Cook and Clerke discovered. The two Deserters brought back, and the Prisoners
released. The Ships sail. Refreshments received at Ulietea. Present and
former State of that Island. Account of its dethroned King, and of the
late Regent of Huaheine.
Section 8 -- Arrival at Bolabola. Interview with Opoony. Reasons for
purchasing Monsieur de Bougainville's Anchor. Departure from the Society
Islands. Particulars about Bolabola. History of the Conquest of Otaha and
Ulietea. High Reputation of the Bolabola Men. Animals left there and at
Ulietea. Plentiful Supply of Provisions, and Manner of salting Pork on
Board. Various Reflections relative to Otaheite and the Society Islands.
Astronomical and Nautical Observations made there.
Section 9 -- Accounts of Otaheite still imperfect. The prevailing Winds.
Beauty of the Country. Cultivation. Natural Curiosities. The Persons of
the Natives. Diseases. General Character. Love of Pleasure. Language. Surgery
and Physic. Articles of Food. Effects of drinking Ava. Times and Manner
of Eating. Connexions with the Females. Circumcision. System of Religion.
Notions about the Soul and a future Life. Various Superstitions. Traditions
about the Creation. An historical Legend. Honours paid to the King. Distinction
of Ranks. Punishment of Crimes. Peculiarities of the neighbouring Islands.
Names of their Gods. Names of Islands they visit. Extent of their Navigation.
Section 10 -- Progress of the Voyage, after leaving the Society Islands.
Christmas Island discovered, and Station of the Ships there. Boats sent
ashore. Great Success in catching Turtle. An Eclipse of the Sun observed.
Distress of two Seamen who had lost their Way. Inscription left in a Bottle.
Account of the Island. Its Soil. Trees and Plants. Birds. Its Size. Form.
Situation. Anchoring Ground.
Section 11 -- Some Islands discovered. Account of the Natives of Atooi,
who came off to the Ships, and their Behaviour on going on Board. One of
them killed. Precautions used to prevent Intercourse with the Females.
A Watering-place found. Reception upon landing. Excursion into the Country.
A Morai visited and described. Graves of the Chiefs, and of the human Sacrifices,
there buried. Another Island, called Oneeheow, visited. Ceremonies performed
by the Natives, who go off to the Ships. Reasons for believing that they
are Cannibals. A Party sent ashore, who remain two Nights. Account of what
passed on landing. The Ships leave the Islands, and proceed to the North.
Section 12 -- The Situation of the Islands now discovered. Their Names.
Called the Sandwich Islands. Atooi described. The Soil. Climate. Vegetable
Productions. Birds. Fish. Domestic Animals. Persons of the Inhabitants.
Their Disposition. Dress. Ornaments. Habitations. Food. Cookery. Amusements.
Manufactures. Working-tools. Knowledge of Iron accounted for. Canoes. Agriculture.
Account of one of their Chiefs. Weapons. Customs agreeing with those of
Tongataboo and Otaheite. Their Language the same. Extent of this Nation
throughout the Pacific Ocean. Reflections on the useful Situation of the
Section 13 -- Observations made at the Sandwich Islands, on the Longitude,
Variation of the Compass and Tides. Prosecution of the Voyage. Remarks
on the Mildness of the Weather, as far as the Latitude 44° North. Paucity
of Sea Birds, in the Northern Hemisphere. Small Sea Animals described.
Arrival on the Coast of America. Appearance of the Country. Unfavourable
Winds and boisterous Weather. Remarks on Martin de Aguilar's River, and
Juan de Fuca's pretended Strait. An Inlet discovered, where the Ship's
anchor. Behaviour of the Natives.
Section 1 -- The Ships enter the Sound, and moor in a Harbour.
Intercourse with the Natives. Articles brought to barter. Thefts committed.
The Observatories erected, and Carpenters set to work. Jealousy of the
Inhabitants of the Sound to prevent other Tribes having Intercourse with
the Ships. Stormy and rainy Weather. Progress round the Sound. Behaviour
of the Natives at their Villages. Their Manner of drying Fish, &c.
Remarkable Visit from Strangers, and introductory Ceremonies. A second
Visit to one of the Villages. Leave to cut Grass, purchased. The Ships
sail. Presents given and received at parting.
Chapter 5 -- Captain King's Journal of the Transactions on
Returning to the Sandwich Islands
Section 2 -- The Name of the Sound, and Directions for Sailing into
it. Account of the adjacent Country. Weather. Climate. Trees. Other Vegetable
Productions. Quadrupeds, whose Skins were brought for Sale. Sea Animals.
Description of a Sea-Otter. Birds. Water Fowl. Fish. Shell-fish, &c.
Reptiles. Insects. Stones, &c. Persons of the Inhabitants. Their Colour.
Common Dress and Ornaments. Occasional Dresses, and monstrous Decorations
of wooden Masks. Their general Dispositions. Songs. Musical Instruments.
Their Eagerness to possess Iron and other Metals.
Section 3 -- Manner of Building the Houses in Nootka Sound. Inside
of them described. Furniture and Utensils. Wooden Images. Employments of
the Men. Of the Women. Food, Animal and Vegetable. Manner of preparing
it. Weapons. Manufactures and Mechanic Arts. Carving and Painting. Canoes.
Implements for Fishing and Hunting. Iron Tools. Manner of procuring that
Metal. Remarks on their Language, and a Specimen of it. Astronomical and
Nautical Observations made in Nootka Sound.
Section 4 -- A Storm, after sailing from Nootka Sound. Resolution springs
a Leak. Pretended Strait of Admiral de Fonte passed unexamined. Progress
along the Coast of America. Behring's Bay. Kaye's Island. Account of it.
The Ships come to an Anchor. Visited by the Natives. Their Behaviour. Fondness
for Beads and Iron. Attempt to plunder the Discovery. Resolution's Leak
stopped; Progress up the Sound. Messrs Gore and Roberts sent to examine
its Extent. Reasons against a Passage to the North through it. The Ships
proceed down it to the open Sea.
Section 5 -- The Inlet called Prince William's Sound. Its Extent. Persons
of the Inhabitants described. Their Dress. Incision of the Under-lip. Various
other Ornaments. Their Boats. Weapons. Fishing and hunting Instruments.
Utensils. Tools. Uses Iron is applied to. Food. Language, and a Specimen
of it. Animals. Birds. Fish. Iron and Beads, whence received.
Section 6 -- Progress along the Coast. Cape Elizabeth. Cape St Hermogenes.
Accounts of Beering's Voyage very defective. Point Banks. Cape Douglas.
Cape Bede. Mount St Augustin. Hopes of finding a Passage up an Inlet. The
Ships proceed up it. Indubitable Marks of its being a River. Named [pg
xii] Cook's River. The Ships return down it. Various Visits from the Natives.
Lieutenant King lands, and takes Possession of the Country. His Report.
The Resolution runs aground on a Shoal. Reflections on the Discovery of
Cook's River. The considerable Tides in it accounted for.
Section 7 -- Discoveries after leaving Cook's River. Island of St Hermogenes.
Cape Whitsunday. Cape Greville. Cape Barnabas. Two-headed Point. Trinity
Island. Beering's Foggy Island. A beautiful Bird described. Kodiak and
the Schumagin Islands. A Russian Letter brought on Board by a Native. Conjectures
about it. Rock Point. Halibut Island. A Volcano Mountain. Providential
Escape. Arrival of the Ships at Oonalaschka. Intercourse with the Natives
there. Another Russian Letter. Samganoodha Harbour described.
Section 8 -- Progress Northward, after leaving Oonalashka. The Islands
Oonella and Acootan. Ooneemak. Shallowness of the Water along the Coast.
Bristol Bay. Round Island. Calm Point. Cape Newenham. Lieutenant Williamson
lands, and his Report. Bristol Bay, and its Extent. The Ships obliged to
return on account of Shoals. Natives come off to the Ships. Death of Mr
Anderson; his Character; and Island named after him. Point Rodney. Sledge
Island, and Remarks on landing there. King's Island. Cape Prince of Wales,
the Western Extreme of America. Course Westward. Anchor in a Bay on the
Coast of Asia.
Section 9 -- Behaviour of the Natives, the Tschutski, on seeing the
Ships. Interview with some of them. Their Weapons. Persons. Ornaments Clothing.
Winter and Summer Habitations. The Ships cross the Strait, to the Coast
of America. Progress Northward. Cape Mulgrave. Appearance of Fields of
Ice. Situation of Icy Cape, the Sea blocked up with Ice. Sea-horses killed,
and used as Provisions. These Animals [pg xiii] described. Dimensions of
one of them. Cape Lisburne. Fruitless Attempt to get through the Ice at
a Distance from the Coast. Observations on the Formation of this Ice. Arrival
on the Coast of Asia. Cape North. The Prosecution of the Voyage deferred
to the ensuing Year.
Section 10 -- Return from Cape North, along the Coast of Asia. Views
of the Country. Burney's Island. Cape Serdze Kamen, the Northern Limit
of Beering's Voyage. Pass the East Cape of Asia. Description and Situation
of it. Observations on Muller. The Tschutski. Bay of Saint Laurence. Two
other Bays, and Habitations of the Natives. Beering's Cape Tschukotskoi.
Beering's Position of this Coast accurate. Island of Saint Laurence. Pass
to the American Coast. Cape Derby. Bald Head. Cape Denbigh, on a Peninsula.
Besborough Island. Wood and Water procured. Visits from the Natives. Their
Persons and Habitations. Produce of the Country. Marks that the Peninsula
had formerly been surrounded by the Sea. Lieutenant King's Report. Norton
Sound. Lunar Observations there. Stæhlin's Map proved to be erroneous.
Plan of future Operations.
Section 11 -- Discoveries after leaving Norton Sound. Stuart's Island.
Cape Stephens. Point Shallow-Water. Shoals on the American Coast. Clerke's
Island. Gore's Island. Pinnacle Island. Arrival at Oonalashka. Intercourse
with the Natives and Russian Traders. Charts of the Russian Discoveries,
communicated by Mr Ismyloff. Their Errors pointed out. Situation of the
Islands visited by the Russians. Account of their Settlement at Oonalashka.
Of the Natives of the Island. Their Persons. Dress. Ornaments. Food. Houses
and domestic Utensils. Manufactures. Manner of producing Fire. Canoes.
Fishing and Hunting Implements. Fishes, and Sea Animals. Sea and Water
Fowls, and [pg xiv] Land Birds. Land Animals and Vegetables. Manner of
burying the Dead. Resemblance of the Natives on this Side of America to
the Greenlanders and Esquimaux. Tides. Observations for determining the
Longitude of Oonalashka.
Section 12 -- Departure from Oonalashka, and future Views. The Island
Amoghta. Situation of a remarkable Rock. Strait between Oonalashka and
Oonella repassed. Progress to the South. Melancholy Accident on board the
Discovery. Mowee, one of the Sandwich Islands, discovered. Intercourse
with the Natives. Visit from Terreeoboo. Another Island, called Owhyhee,
discovered. The Ships ply to Windward to get round it. An Eclipse of the
Moon observed. The Crew refuse to drink Sugar-cane Beer. Cordage deficient
in Strength. Commendation of the Natives of Owhyhee. The Resolution gets
to Windward of the Island. Her Progress down the South-East Coast. Views
of the Country, and Visits from the Natives. The Discovery joins. Slow
Progress Westward. Karakakooa Bay examined by Mr Bligh. Vast Concourse
of the Natives. The Ships anchor in the Bay.
Section 1 -- Description of Karakakooa Bay. Vast Concourse
of the Natives. Power of the Chiefs over the Inferior People. Visit from
Koah, a Priest and Warrior. The Morai at Kakooa described. Ceremonies at
the Landing of Captain Cook. Observatories erected. Powerful Operation
of the Taboo. Method of Salting Pork in Tropical Climates. Society of Priests
discovered. Their Hospitality and Munificence. Reception of Captain Cook.
Artifice of Koah. Arrival of Terreeoboo, King of the Island. Returned by
17, Project Gutenberg text*]
Section 2 -- Farther Account of Transactions with the Natives. Their
Hospitality. Propensity to Theft. Description of a Boxing Match. Death
of one of our Seamen. Behaviour of the Priests at his Funeral. The Wood
Work and Images on the Morai purchased. The Natives inquisitive about our
Departure. Their Opinion about the Design of our Voyage. Magnificent Presents
of Terreeoboo to Captain Cook. The Ships leave the Island. The Resolution
damaged in a Gale, and obliged to return.
Section 3 -- Suspicious Behaviour of the Natives, on our Return to
Karakakooa Bay. Theft on Board the Discovery, and its Consequences. The
Pinnace attacked, and the Crew obliged to quit her. Captain Cook's Observations
on the Occasion. Attempt at the Observatory. The Cutter of the Discovery
stolen. Measures taken by Captain Cook for its Recovery. Goes on Shore
to invite the King on Board. The King being stopped by his Wife and the
Chiefs, a Contest arises. News arrives of one of the Chiefs being killed
by one of our People. Ferment on this Occasion. One of the Chiefs threatens
Captain Cook, and is shot by him. General Attack by the Natives. Death
of Captain Cook. Account of the Captain's Services, and a Sketch of his
Section 4 -- Transactions at Owhyhee subsequent to the Death of Captain
Cook. Gallant Behaviour of the Lieutenant of Marines. Dangerous Situation
of the Party at the Morai. Bravery of one of the Natives. Consultation
respecting future Measures. Demand of the Body of Captain Cook. Evasive
and insidious Conduct of Koah and the Chiefs. Insolent Behaviour of the
Natives. Promotion of Officers. Arrival of two Priests with Part of the
Body. Extraordinary Behaviour of two Boys. Burning of the Village of Kakooa.
Unfortunate Destruction of the Dwellings of the Priests. Recovery of the
Bones of Captain Cook. Departure from Karakakooa Bay.
Section 5 -- Departure from Karakakooa in Search of a Harbour on the
South-East Side of Mowee. Driven to Leeward by the Easterly Winds and Current.
Pass the Island of Tahoorowha. Description of the South-West Side of Mowee.
Run along the Coasts of Ranai and Morotoi to Woahoo. Description of the
North-East Coast of Woahoo. Unsuccessful Attempt to Water. Passage to Atooi.
Anchor in Wymoa Bay. Dangerous Situation of the Watering Party on Shore.
Civil Dissensions in the Islands. Visit from the contending Chiefs. Anchor
off Oneeheow. Final Departure from the Sandwich Islands.
Section 6 -- General Account of the Sandwich Islands. Their
Number, Names, and Situation. OWHYHEE. Its Extent, and Division into Districts.
Account of its Coasts, and the adjacent Country. Volcanic Appearances.
Snowy Mountains. Their Height determined. Account of a Journey into the
Interior Parts of the Country. MOWEE. TAHOOHOWA. MOROTOI. RANAI. WOAHOO.
ATOOI. ONEEHEOW. OREEHOUA. TAAOORA. Climate. Winds. Currents. Tides. Animals
and Vegetables. Astronomical Observations.
Chapter 6 -- Transactions during the second Expedition to
the North, by the way of Kamtschatka; and on the Return Home by the way
of Canton and the Cape of Good Hope
Section 7 -- General Account of the Sandwich Islands continued. Of
the Inhabitants. Their Origin. Persons. Pernicious effects of the Ava.
Numbers. Disposition and Manners. Reasons for supposing them not Cannibals.
Dress and Ornaments. Villages and Houses. Food. Occupations and Amusements.
Addicted to Gaming. Their extraordinary Dexterity in Swimming. Arts and
Manufactures. Curious Specimens of their Sculpture. Kipparee, or Method
of Painting Cloth. Mats. Fishing Hooks. Cordage. Salt Pans. Warlike Instruments.
Section 8 -- General Account of the Sandwich Islands continued. Government.
People divided into three Classes. Power of Erreetaboo. Genealogy of the
Kings of Owhyhee and Mowee. Power of the Chiefs. State of the inferior
Class. Punishment of Crimes. Religion. Society of Priests. The Orono. Their
Idols. Songs chanted by the Chiefs, before they drink Ava. Human Sacrifices.
Custom of Knocking out the fore Teeth. Notions with regard to a future
State. Marriages. Remarkable Instance of Jealousy. Funeral Rites.
Section 1 -- Departure from Oneheeow. Fruitless Attempt to
discover Modoopapappa. Course steered for Awatska Bay. Occurrences during
that Passage. Sudden Change from Heat to Cold. Distress occasioned by the
Leaking of the Resolution. View of the Coast of Kamtschatka. Extreme Rigour
of the Climate. Lose Sight of the Discovery. The Resolution enters the
Bay of Awatska. Prospect of the Town of Saint Peter and Saint Paul. Party
sent ashore. Their Reception by the Commanding-Officer of the Port. Message
dispatched to the Commander at Bolcheretsk. Arrival of the Discovery. Return
of the Messengers from the Commander. Extraordinary mode of Travelling.
Visit from a Merchant and a German Servant belonging to the Commander.
Section 2 -- Scarcity of Provisions and Stores at the Harbour of Saint
Peter and Saint Paul; A Party set out to visit the Commander at Bolcheretsk.
Passage up the River Awatska. Account of their Reception by the Toion of
Karatchin. Description of Kamtschadale Dress. Journey on Sledges. Description
of this Mode of Travelling. Arrival at Natcheekin. Account of Hot Springs.
Embark on Bolchoireka. Reception at the Capital. Generous and hospitable
Conduct of the Commander and the Garrison. Description of Bolcheretsk.
Presents from the Commander. Russian and Kamtschadale Dancing. Affecting
Departure from Bolcheretsk. Return to Saint Peter and Saint Paul's, accompanied
by Major Behm, who visits the Ship. Generosity of the Sailors. Dispatches
sent by Major Behm to Petersburg. His Departure and Character.
Section 3 -- Continuation of Transactions in the Harbour of St Peter
and St Paul. Abundance of Fish. Death of a Seaman belonging to the Resolution.
The Russian Hospital put under the Care of the Ship's Surgeons. Supply
of Flour and Cattle. Celebration of the King's Birth-day. Difficulties
in Sailing out of the Bay. Eruption of a Volcano. Steer to the Northward.
Cheepoonskoi Noss. Errors of the Russian Charts. Kamptschatskoi Noss. Island
of St. Laurence. View, from the same Point, of the Coasts Asia and America,
and the Islands of St. Diomede. Various Attempts to get to the North, between
the two Continents. Obstructed by impenetrable Ice. Sea-horses and White
Bears killed. Captain Clerke's Determination and future Designs.
Section 4 -- Fruitless Attempts to penetrate through Ice to the North-West.
Dangerous Situation of the Discovery. Sea-horses killed. Fresh Obstructions
from the Ice. Report of Damages, received by the Discovery. Captain Clerke's
Determination to proceed to the Southward. Joy of the Ships' Crews on that
Occasion. Pass Serdze Kamen. Return through Beering's Strait. Enquiry into
the Extent of the North-East Coast of Asia. Reasons for rejecting Muller's
Map of the Promontory of the Tschutski. Reasons for believing the Coast
does not reach a higher Latitude than 70-2/3° North. General Observations
on the Impracticability of a North-East or North-West Passage from the
Atlantic into the Pacific Ocean. Comparative View of the Progress made
in the Years 1778 and 1779. Remarks on the Sea and Sea-coasts, North of
Beering's Strait. History of the Voyage resumed. Pass the Island of St.
Laurence. The Island of Mednoi. Death of Captain Clerke. Short Account
of his Services.
Section 5 -- Return to the Harbour of Saint Peter and Saint Paul. Promotion
of Officers. Funeral of Captain Clerke. Damages of the Discovery repaired.
Various other Occupations of the Ships' Crews. Letters from the Commander.
Supply of Flour and Naval Stores from a Russian Galliot. Account of an
Exile. Bear-hunting and Fishing Parties. Disgrace of the Serjeant. Celebration
of the King's Coronation Day, and Visit from the Commander. The Serjeant
reinstated. A Russian Soldier promoted at our Request. Remarks on the Discipline
of the Russian Army. Church at Paratounca. Method of Bear-hunting. Farther
Account of the Bears and Kamtschadales. Inscription to the Memory of Captain
Clerke. Supply of Cattle. Entertainments on the Empress's Name Day. Present
from the Commander. Attempt of a Marine to desert. Work out of the Bay.
Nautical and Geographical Description of Awatska Bay. Astronomical Tables
Section 6 -- General Account of Kamtschatka. Geographical Description.
Rivers. Soil. Climate. Volcanoes. Hot Springs. Productions. Vegetables.
Animals. Birds. Fish.
Section 7 -- General Account of Kamtschatka, continued. Of the Inhabitants.
Origin of the Kamtschadales. Discovered by the Russians. Abstract of their
History. Numbers. Present State. Of the Russian Commerce in Kamtschatka.
Of the Kamtschadale Habitations, and Dress. Of the Kurile Islands. The
Koreki. The Tschutski.
Section 8 -- Plan of our future Proceedings. Course to the Southward,
along the Coast of Kamtschatka. Cape Lopatka. Pass the Islands Shoomska
and Paramousir. Driven to the Eastward of the Kuriles. Singular Situation
with respect to the pretended Discoveries of former Navigators. Fruitless
Attempts to reach the Islands North of Japan. Geographical Conclusions.
View of the Coast of Japan. Run along the East Side. Pass two Japanese
Vessels. Driven off the Coast by contrary Winds. Extraordinary Effect of
Currents. Steer for the Bashees. Pass large Quantities of Pumice Stone.
Discover Sulphur Island. Pass the Pratas. Isles of Lema, and Ladrone Island.
Chinese Pilot taken on board the Resolution. Journals of the Officers and
Sectin 9 -- Working up to Macao. A Chinese Comprador. Sent on Shore
to visit the Portuguese Governor. Effects of the Intelligence we received
from Europe. Anchor in the Typa. Passage up to Canton. Bocca Tygris. Wampu.
Description of a Sampane. Reception at the English Factory. Instance of
the suspicious Character of the Chinese. Of their Mode of trading. Of the
City of Canton. Its Size. Population. Number of Sampanes. Military Force.
Of the Streets and Houses. Visit to a Chinese. Return to Macao. Great Demand
for the Sea-Otter Skins. Plan of a Voyage for opening a Fur-Trade on the
Western Coast of America, and prosecuting further Discoveries in the Neighbourhood
of Japan. Departure from Macao. Price of Provisions in China.
Section 10 -- Leave the Typa. Orders of the Court of France respecting
Captain Cook. Resolutions in consequence thereof. Strike Soundings on the
Macclesfield Banks. Pass Pulo Sapata. Steer for Pulo Condore. Anchor at
Pulo Condore. Transactions during our Stay. Journey to the principal Town.
Receive a Visit from a Mandarin. Examine his Letters. Refreshments to be
procured. Description, and present State of the Island. Its Produce. An
Assertion of M. Sonnerat refuted. Astronomical and Nautical Observations.
Section 11 -- Departure from Pulo Condore. Pass the Straits of Banca.
View of the Island of Sumatra. Straits of Sunda. Occurrences there. Description
of the Island of Cracatoa. Prince's Island. Effects of the Climate of Java.
Run to the Cape of Good Hope. Transactions there. Description of False
Bay. Passage to the Orkneys. General Reflections.
Appendix 1 -- Vocabulary of the Language of Nootka, or King George's
Sound. April, 1778.
Appendix 2 -- Table to shew the Affinity between the Languages Spoken
at Oonalashka and Norton Sound, and those of the Greenlanders and Esquimaux.
Appendix 3 -- Byron's narrative.
The Author's Preface.
Appendix 4 -- Bulkeley's narrative.
Part 1 -- Account of the Wager and her Equipment. Captain Kid's Death.
Succeeded by Captain Cheap. Our Disasters commence with our Voyage. We
lose Sight of our Squadron in a Gale of Wind. Dreadful Storm. Ship strikes.
Part 2 -- We land on a wild Shore. No Appearance of Inhabitants. One
of our Lieutenants dies. Conduct of a Part of the Crew who remained on
the Wreck. We name the Place of our Residence Mount Misery. Narrative of
Transactions there. Indians appear in Canoes off the Coast. Description
of them. Discontents amongst our People.
Part 3 -- Unfortunate Death of Mr Cozens. Improper Conduct of Captain
Cheap. The Indians join us in a friendly Manner, but depart presently on
account of the Misconduct of our Men. Our Number dreadfully reduced by
Famine. Description of the various Contrivances used for procuring Food.
Further Transactions. Departure from the Island.
Part 4 -- Occurrences on our Voyage. We encounter bad Weather and various
Dangers and Distresses. Leave a Part of our Crew behind on a desert Shore.
A strange Cemetry discovered. Narrow Escape from Wreck. Return to Mount
Misery. We are visited by a Chanos Indian Cacique, who talks Spanish, with
whom we again take our Departure from the Island.
Part 5 -- Navigation of the River. One of our Men dies from Fatigue.
Inhumanity of the Captain. Description of our Passage through a horrible
and desolate Country. Our Conductor leaves us, and a Party of our Men desert
with the Boat. Dreadful Situation of the Remainder. The Cacique returns.
Account of our Journey Overland. Kindness of two Indian Women. Description
of the Indian Mode of Fishing. Cruel Treatment of my Indian Benefactress
by her Husband.
Part 6 -- The Cacique's Conduct changes. Description of the Indian
Mode of Bird-fowling. Their Religion. Mr Elliot, our Surgeon, dies. Transactions
on our Journey. Miserable Situation to which we are reduced.
Part 7 -- We land on the Island of Chiloe. To our great Joy we at length
discover Something having the Appearance of a House. Kindness of the Natives.
We are delivered to the Custody of a Spanish Guard. Transactions with the
Spanish Residents. Arrival at Chaco. Manners of the Inhabitants.
Part 8 -- Adventure with the Niece of an old Priest at Castro. Superstition
of the People. The Lima Ship arrives, in which we depart for Valparaiso,
January 1743. Arrival at and Treatment there. Journey to Chili. Arrival
at St. Jago. Generous Conduct of a Scotch Physician. Description of the
City and of the People.
Part 9 -- Account of the Bull Feasts and other Amusements. Occurrences
during nearly two Years Residence. In December, 1744, we embark for Europe
in the Lys French Frigate. The Vessel leaky. Dangerous Voyage. Narrow Escape
from English Cruizers. Arrival in England. Conclusion.