Ghazal 10, Verse 11


nahii;N ma((luum kis kis kaa lahuu paanii hu))aa hogaa
qiyaamat hai sirishk-aaluudah honaa terii mizhgaa;N kaa

1) no telling which ones' blood will have turned to water--
2) it's a disaster/'Doomsday'-- your eyelashes' becoming tear-wetted!


qiyaamat : 'The resurrection, the last day; --confusion, commotion, tumult, uproar, extraordinary to-do; anything extraordinary; a scene of trouble or distress; a great calamity; excess; --adj. & adv. Wonderful; excessive, very great; heavy, grievous, oppressive; --wonderfully; excessively, extremely, very'. (Platts p.796)


That is, who has the strength to see your eyes full of tears? And he has also suggested that since the beloved's eyelashes always prick the lovers' hearts and livers, and her tears are those very tears that were produced in the lover's heart and wanted to come to the eyelashes. That is, the tears on your eyelashes did not come from your heart, but rather are those that were produced in the lovers' hearts and livers. (12)

== Nazm page 12


Urdu text: Vajid 1902 {10}

Bekhud Dihlavi:

That is, which innocent ones must you have killed? Your eyelashes becoming wet with tears is in no way less than Doomsday. (25)


Compare {193,2}. (291)



DOOMSDAY verses: {10,11}; {11,4x}; {16,10x}; {18,1}, Judgment Day; {25,8}, Judgment Day; {35,2}; {38,4}; {51,1}; {53,13x}; {61,7}; {61,9x}; {66,4}; {78,8x}; {81,11x}; {96,3}; {100,6}; {104,1}; {107,1}; {119,6}; {119,10}; {124,2}; {133,5x}; {145,12x}; {157,6}; {158,8}; {164,6}; {166,1}; {166,5}; {190,8}; {194,4}; {202,6}; {205,5}; {205,8}; {206,4}; {216,4x}, ;hashr ; {222,1]; {229,8x}; {231,4} // {306x,6}; {336x,6}; {389x,6}*; {407x,1}; {414x,3}, Judgment Day; {424x,9}; {434x,5}, Judgment Day

ABOUT 'DOOMSDAY': Of course the official, theological meaning of qiyaamat is the day of resurrection. It also has a literal etymological sense of 'rising up' (see qiyaam , Platts p.796), since on that day the dead will rise again to face God's judgment. From that center, its metaphorical range readily extends to a range of chaotic, dangerous, violent 'Doomsday-like' events (see the definition above). At one extreme of that range it can even be used as a compliment, just as in English we can speak of a 'devastating' beauty. Compare the similarly wide metaphorical range of ;Ga.zab : 'Angry, wrathful, offended, &c.; fearless, daring; outrageous; great, excessive, intense, tremendous, awful, fearful, dreadful, shocking; woeful, calamitous, injurious, hurtful, detrimental ... ;—too good; very fine, splendid, dazzling, very beautiful; wonderful, rare, extraordinary, unique' (Platts p.771).

There's a strong affinity between water and tears. Lovers shed tears of blood anyway, and for someone's 'blood to turn to water' conveys almost the same panic, dread, and helplessness in Urdu that it does in English. The lovers' bloody tears now become water, since their blood itself has turned to water. Where did those tears on the beloved's eyelashes (and not, be it noted, in her eyes) come from? For a clear case of how those cruel eyelashes pierce blood-drops (which, as we learn in the first line, have now turned to water-drops), we need look no further than {10,2}.

Of course, the tears could also come, even more dangerously perhaps, from her own eyes, as they do in {193,2}.

Do we read the first line as a result of the second (the lovers become distraught when they see the beloved's tears), or the second line as a result of the first (the beloved has reduced more poor victims to a liquid pulp, as we know from seeing their blood-'tears' skewered on her cruelly piercing eyelashes)? In either case, the result is a major disaster, a Doomsday, the wrath of God.

Note for grammar fans: This verse is an example of the 'presumptive', the future tense used for present or past action that is probable, and that is assumed, but that cannot be asserted on the basis of complete knowledge.

Compare Mir's vision of the disaster caused by the beloved's batting her eyelashes: M{1123,7}.