Ghazal 46, Verse 2

{46,2}

raat din gardish me;N hai;N saat aasmaa;N
ho rahegaa kuchh nah kuchh ghabraa))e;N kyaa

1) night and day they're in [a state of] revolving/turning/wandering, the seven heavens
2) something or other will end up happening-- why would/should we be perturbed/agitated?

Notes:

gardish : 'Going round, turning round, revolution; circulation; roll; course; period; turn, change; vicissitude; reversion; --adverse fortune, adversity; --wandering about, vagrancy'. (Platts p.903)

 

ghabraanaa : 'To be confused, confounded, flurried, or flustered (by, or in consequence of, -se); to be perplexed, bewildered, or embarrassed (by); to be perturbed, disturbed in mind, agitated, disquieted, distracted; to be alarmed, scared, dismayed'. (Platts p.930)

Ghalib:

[1854:] Here a major sickness is spreading, and is it any ordinary sickness? The fevers are variegated, usually recurrent. That is, if in a house there are ten people, then six will be sick, and four healthy. And if among those six three will get better, then those four [healthy ones] will fall ill. Up till today, the outcome was good. Now people have begun to die. A poisonousness has developed in the air. It's a story like this: {46,2}. (Arshi 188-89)
==Urdu text: Khaliq Anjum vol. 3, pp. 1153-54
==another trans.: Russell and Islam, p. 107

Ghalib:

[c.1859:] I've already said that I have no relish for spectacles, nor any respite from a host of physical ills and spiritual griefs. If formerly I had a courage that had not been defeated, and a hope for help from the Unseen, now this Urdu verse of mine is constantly on the tip of my tongue, and with this habit I constantly give voice to my sighs: {46,2}.

Now that the heart despairs of an improvement in my condition and of the achievement of my purposes, my temperament is well acquainted with the chanting [tarannum] of this verse from the same ghazal: {46,6}. (Arshi 189)
==Urdu text: Khaliq Anjum vol. 4, p. 1480
==other translations: Russell and Islam p. 211; Daud Rahbar p. 260

Nazm:

It is an encouragement toward acceptance of God's will. (42)

== Nazm page 42

Vajid:

Urdu text: Vajid 1902 {46}

Bekhud Dihlavi:

In this verse is a high degree of acceptance of God's will. He says, the seven heavens night and day are absorbed in our affairs. Whatever is the Divine Command for us, all the things that are necessary for it will come together by themselves. Why should we be anxious and worried? (83)

Bekhud Mohani:

In our actions, or in connection with the ordinary circumstances of the world, what's the need to become anxious? Not one but seven heavens are constantly in movement, day and night. Something or other is bound to happen. That is, revolution is a part of the nature of the times. (104)

FWP:

SETS == FILL-IN; KYA
NIGHT/DAY: {1,2}

This verse and {46,6} are the ones Ghalib quoted most often in letters, especially when he was in a bleak or pessimistic mood. And who can blame him? I find myself quoting it too sometimes, usually in a hollow tone of voice. Whatever the seven (Aristotelian) heavens are up to, it does seem to have ominous overtones.

Is the verse full of fatalism, despair, or acceptance of God's will? How rhetorical, or how sarcastic, is the question at the end of the second line? You be the judge. It all depends on the tone. And of course Ghalib leaves us to set the tone ourselves.

For another verse about perpetual gardish , see {110,2}.

Note for grammar fans: How can we explain ho rahegaa in English? It could be taken as a compound verb form of honaa , ho rahnaa , so that it would be parallel to ho jaanaa . Alternatively, it could be understood as a shortened form of ho kar rahegaa , 'having occurred, will remain'. But in any case the idiomatic sense is something like 'will firmly insist on happening', 'will succeed in happening no matter what'. I used 'will end up happening', which isn't quite right but conveys a bit of the idiomaticness.