Ghazal 76, Verse 3x


naamah bhii likhte ho to bah ;xa:t:t-e ;Gubaar ;haif
rakhte ho mujh se itnii kuduurat hazaar ;haif

1) if/when you write even/also a letter, then with 'dust-script'-- alas!
2) you harbor so much vexation/'dirtiness' toward me-- a thousand times alas!


;xa:t:t-e ;Gubaar : 'The smallest Arabic or Persian handwriting'. (Platts p.491)


;Gubaar : 'Dust; clouds of dust; a dust-storm; vapour, fog, mist, mistiness; impurity, foulness; (met.) vexation, soreness, ill-feeling, rancour, spite; affliction, grief; perplexity'. (Platts p.769)


;haif : 'Iniquity, injustice, oppression; a pity; --intj. Ah! alas! what a pity!' (Platts p.483)


kuduurat : Muddiness, turbidness; impurity (in water, &c.); foulness; scum; dust; —(met.) perturbation, depression of spirits; affliction, anguish; vexation; discord; resentment, malice'. (Platts p.821)


In this verse there's only a puzzle/maze [gorakh-dhandaa] of words. He says that even if you write me a letter, then you write in 'dust-script', and from that the vexation/'dirtiness' of your heart is revealed.

== Asi, p. 143


'Dust-script' is a kind of script in the creation of which the aspect of dust appears.

== Zamin, p. 205

Gyan Chand:

'Dust-script' is an ornamental script in which letters are written in large [jalii] script and their interiors are filled with [tiny letters resembling] points [nuq:te]. For 'dust to be in the heart' means to harbor vexation or disaffection. The theme of the verse is dependent only/emphatically on the word ;Gubaar . If you write me a letter, then it is in 'dust-script'; from this it's clear that your heart is full of vexation/'dirtiness' toward me.

== Gyan Chand, p. 235


WRITING: {7,3}

For background see S. R. Faruqi's choices. This verse is NOT one of his choices; I thought it was interesting in its own way and have added it myself. For more on Ghalib's unpublished verses, see the discussion in {4,8x}.

This is an ultimately simple, primitive verse of wordplay , as both Asi and Gyan Chand note. 'Dust-script' is a style of calligraphy in which the letters are so tiny that they appear to be parts of larger images or calligraphic designs. Only when looking very, very closely can one perceive that within the crests of ocean waves, or already-tiny flowers (as in the two examples below), there are microscopic words and phrases, almost as small as dust-motes.

The verse is so primitive that its entire interpretive apparatus is already available in the literal and metaphorical meanings of kuduurat (see the definition above). There just unabashedly, unarguably, isn't anything else going on in the verse. Since it's an opening-verse it has less room than usual, and it still feels full of verbiage-- and that too, of a self-pitying, whining kind. It's nothing but an exclamation, and not a particularly exciting one at that. Isn't it remarkable to catch our masterful poet at his unmasterful worst? In other kinds of his second-rate verses, there's often room to imagine that there might be more going on than we have seen; but not in this case. Nobody could regret that a verse like this one didn't make it into the divan.

On the heart as a mirror on which the 'dust' of ill-feeling can settle, see {128,1}. Compare the similar kuduurat and ;Gubaar imagery of {76,6x}. Another calligraphy verse: {96,8x}. Another ;xa:t:t-e ;Gubaar verse: an unpublished one from {187} (use the Raza link to find it). There's also the ;xa:t:t-e ((ajz of {441x,6}.

A much more effective verse about the techniques of writing: {143,1}.