Ghazal 118, Verse 1

{118,1}

ka((be me;N jaa rahaa to nah do :ta((nah kyaa kahii;N
bhuulaa huu;N ;haqq-e .su;hbat-e ahl-e kunisht ko

1) if I went and stayed in the Ka'bah, then don’t taunt me! --in any way, ever,
2) have I forgotten the right/claim/Truth of the companionship of the people of the (idol-)temple?

Notes:

:ta((nah : 'Blame, reproach, chiding, taunting, taunt, reviling, ridicule, scoff, gibe, derision; ignominy, disgrace; aspersion'. (Platts 752)

 

;haqq : 'Right, title, privilege, claim, due, lot, portion, share, proprietorship;—duty, obligation;—behalf, benefit, interest; —the Truth, the true God'. (Platts p.479)

 

kunisht : 'A temple of idolaters, or fire-worshippers; a Christian church; a Jewish synagogue'. (Platts p.854)

Nazm:

If I went to the Ka'bah, then so what? Am I one ever to forget the idol-temple [but-kadah]? (126)

== Nazm page 126

Bekhud Dihlavi:

He says, if I went from Hindustan to make the Hijrah, and remained at the Ka'bah, then why do you taunt me? I am not a man to forget the companioniships of the idol-temple [but-kadah]. (179)

Bekhud Mohani:

So what if I'm staying here? Have I forgotten the right to companionship of those who stay in idol-temples [but-;xaanah]? That is, no difference has been made in my and your relationships. (238)

FWP:

SETS
RELIGIONS: {60,2}

This is an energetic, aggrieved, yet defensive, utterance. It has the form of an indignant, challenging rhetorical question ('Have I ever done so? Of course I haven't! You know very well that I haven't!').

The speaker insists, in the face of 'taunts' that are probably (but not necessarily) from his former (and present?) companions, that his staying in the Ka'bah had no effect at all on his former allegiances-- it just didn't make any difference. This is a piquant notion in its own right-- that someone would not only semi-apologize for staying in the Ka'bah, but would also insist that it really didn't make any difference at all! (In this connection, consider {124,5}.) And by no coincidence, the word for 'right/claim' [;haqq] is also, in a piquant kind of wordplay, one of the names for the 'True God'.

But the 'taunts' add another dimension as well. The 'taunts' might be accusations that the speaker had lowered himself by leaving a higher, more exacting allegiance (to the code of the passionate lover) for an inferior, commonplace, more expedient one: 'He's gone all smug and 'orthodox' on us, he's narrowed his worldview into that of the Shaikh'. Or the taunts might accuse him of sheer fickleness: 'He doesn't know his own mind, he's shallow and idle, he's just in search of novelty and fresh thrills'.

The commentators tend to read kunisht unselfconsciously as 'idol-temple', which seems an understandable South Asian interpretation. But in fact the term is remarkably general, and applies to a variety of non-Islamic places of worship (see the definition above), so that this verse belongs in some sense to Ghalib's set of 'in between religions' verses.

Do the old companions have a 'right to companionship', or a 'right given by companionship'? The i.zaafat can easily go both ways. Either way, the right belongs not to the kunisht , but to the 'people' of it. Perhaps the ahl-e kunisht are simply the visible representatives of the kunisht itself, and have their right in that capacity. But the verse feels more personal: it feels as though it is about the privileging of friendship and personal loyalty above outward religious affiliations. Moreover, the grammar of the first line presents the speaker's stay in the Ka'bah as something that occurred in the past ( jaa rahaa ), rather than something ongoing, while his loyalty to his companions is presented as continuing into the present ( bhuulaa huu;N ). So perhaps even he himself may now recognize his foray into the Ka'bah as a mistake (a youthful folly? a mid-life-crisis fling?)-- something he plans to live down.

Note for meter fans: Here ;haqq is scanned with a tashdiid on the q , in the proper Arabic spelling. Verses like {26,7} and {56,5} suggest that Ghalib normally used what Platts calls the 'vulgar' spelling, with no tashdiid .