Ghazal 162, Verse 6

{162,6}*

shikan-e zulf-e ((anbarii;N kyuu;N hai
nigah-e chashm-e surmah-saa kyaa hai

1) the overthrowing by amber-scented curls-- why is it?
2) the gaze/glance of a collyrium-like eye-- what is it?!

Notes:

shikan : 'Breaking, crushing, overthrowing, routing'. (Platts p.731)

 

((anbariin : 'Of ambergris; of the colour or odour of ambergris'. (Platts p.766)

 

saa : '(as an affix) like, asĀ ((a;Nbar-saa , Resembling ambergris'. (Steingass p.637)

Nazm:

[See the discussion in {162,4}.]

== Nazm page 174; Nazm page 175

Bekhud Dihlavi:

These perfumed, adorned curls-- why have they been created? And this collyrium-shadowed glance-- what purpose is it serving? (233)

Bekhud Mohani:

[See the discussion in {162,4}.]

FWP:

SETS == EXCLAMATION; KYA
CURLS: {14,6}
EYES {3,1}
GAZE: {10,12}

This is the third verse of a four-verse verse-set. For general discussion of the whole verse-set, see {162,4}.

For a discussion of the special qualities of collyrium, see {44,1}.

Note for grammar fans: In terms of i.zaafat structure, surmah-saa should be considered just as a single adjective. It must also be considered to be the Persian saa (see the definition above)-- which, intriguingly, is very like the Indic saa (except that it doesn't have separate feminine and plural/oblique forms). But the Persian saa can be used with an i.zaafat , while the Indic one cannot. Another such case: {80,5}.