Ghazal 214, Verse 16x


vuh sho;x apne ;husn pah ma;Gruur hai asad
dikhlaa ke us ko aa))inah to;Raa kare ko))ii

1) that mischievous one is proud/fastidious over her beauty, Asad
2) having shown her a mirror, let someone always break it


ma;Gruur : 'Proud, arrogant, presumptuous, haughty, self-conceited; fastidious'. (Platts p.1051)

Gyan Chand:

In the mirror, her reflection will be visible. There can be two reasons for breaking the mirror:

1) Since she is proud/fastidious about her beauty, and in the mirror a duplicate/peer will be visible. At this she will be annoyed. To placate her, the mirror would be broken, so that the mirror would not remain confronting her.

2) She is proud/fastidious about her beauty. She should be shown her duplicate/peer in the mirror, and the mirror should be broken, so that she would realize the outcome of beauty and her heart would receive instruction. In this way her pride would also be broken. (384)


MIRROR: {8,3}

For background see S. R. Faruqi's choices.

As usual, Ghalib leaves us to figure out for ourselves why the mirror should be broken. Gyan Chand gives two enjoyably apposite and opposite reasons: either to indulge the beloved's arrogance, or to chasten it.

Most of Ghalib's mirrors are metal; for some other special glass ones, see {16,2}.