TEN == EXERCISES 1-6

These ghazal excerpts are meant for practice. They have been taken from M. A. R. Barker and S. A. Salam, Classical Urdu Poetry, volume 1; the page numbers refer to their location in this volume. All the poems in Barker's volume 1 have been literally translated, with full explanations, in volume 2 of the same work; thus no translations will be provided here. Errors of calligraphy in Barker's edition have been corrected, and a few editing choices have been differently made. The ghazals appear in abbreviated form, with some verses omitted, but the first and last verses are always included. Scansions and explanatory notes for the ghazals are given in Chapter 11.

*Ghazal 1 by Vali Dakhani, p. 92*
*Ghazal 2 by Khvajah Mir Dard, p. 122*
*Ghazal 3 by Mir, pp. 127-128*
*Ghazal 4 by Mir, pp. 128-129*
*Ghazal 5 by Mir, p. 130*
*Ghazal 6 by Mus'hafi, p. 178*


*Ghazal 7 by Jur'at, p. 19*
*Ghazal 8 by Jur'at, pp. 193-194*
*Ghazal 9 by Atish, p. 218*
*Ghazal 10 by Atish, p. 218*
*Ghazal 11 by Zauq, p. 297*
*Ghazal 12 by Zauq, pp. 298-299*

*Ghazal 13 by Momin, p. 307*
*Ghazal 14 by Momin, p. 312*
*Ghazal 15 by Ghalib, p. 319*
*Ghazal 16 by Ghalib, pp. 319-320*
*Ghazal 17 by Ghalib, p. 321*
*Ghazal 18 by Ghalib, pp. 321-322*

*Ghazal 19 by Ghalib, pp. 324-325*
*Ghazal 20 by Ghalib, p. 331*
*Ghazal 21 by Dagh, p. 367*
*Ghazal 22 by Dagh, pp. 371-372*
*Ghazal 23 by Akbar Ilahabadi, pp. 396-397*
*Ghazal 24 by Iqbal, p. 425*

 

GHAZAL 1 by Vali Dakhani, p. 92:

kiyaa mujh ((ishq ne :zaalim ko aab aahistah aahistah
kih aatish gul ko kartaa hai gulaab aahistah aahistah

vafaadaarii ne dilbar kii bujhaayaa aatish-e ;Gam kuu;N
kih garmii daf((a kartii hai gulaab aahistah aahistah

((ajab kuchh lu:tf rakhtaa hai shab-e ;xilvat me;N gulruu suu;N
;xi:taab aahistah aahistah javaab aahistah aahistah

adaa o naaz se aataa hai vuh raushan-jabii;N ghar suu;N
kih jyuu;N mashriq suu;N nikle aaftaab aahistah aahistah

valii mujh dil me;N aataa hai ;xayaal-e yaar be-parvaa
kih jyuu;N a;Nkhyaa;N mane;N aataa hai ;xvaab aahistah aahistah

 

GHAZAL 2 by Khvajah Mir Dard, p. 122:

tuhmate;N chand apne ;zimme dhar chale
jis li))e aa))e the so ham kar chale

zindagii hai yaa ko))ii :tuufaan hai
ham to is jiine ke haatho;N mar chale

sham((a ke maanind ham is bazm me;N
chashm tar aa))e the daaman tar chale

kyaa hame;N kaam in gulo;N se ai .sabaa
ek dam aa))e idhar uudhar chale

dard kuchh ma((luum hai yih log sab
kis :taraf se aa))e the kiidhar chale

 

GHAZAL 3 by Mir, pp. 127-128:

milne lage ho der der dekhiye kyaa hai kyaa nahii;N
tum to karo ho .saa;hibii bande me;N kuchh rahaa nahii;N

buu-e gul aur rang-e gul dono;N hai;N dilkash ai nasiim
lek baqadr-e yak nigaah dekhiye to vafaa nahii;N

shikvah karuu;N huu;N ba;xt kaa itne ;Ga.zab nah ho butaa;N
mujh ko ;xudaa nah ;xvaastah tum se to kuchh gilaa nahii;N

chashm-e safed ashk-e sur;x aah-e dil-e ;hazii;N hai yaa;N
shiishah nahii;N hai may nahii;N abr nahii;N havaa nahii;N

ek faqa:t hai saadagii tis pah balaa-e jaa;N hai tuu
((ishvah karishmah kuchh nahii;N aan nahii;N adaa nahii;N


GHAZAL 4 by Mir, pp. 128-129:

hastii apnii ;hubaab kii sii hai
yih numaa))ish saraab kii sii hai

naazukii us ke lab kii kyaa kahiye
pankha;Rii ik gulaab kii sii hai

baar baar us ke dar pah jaataa huu;N
;haalat ab i.z:taraab kii sii hai

mai;N jo bolaa kahaa kih yih aavaaz
usii ;xaanah-;xaraab kii sii hai

miir un niim baaz aa;Nkho;N me;N
saarii mastii sharaab kii sii hai


GHAZAL 5 by Mir, p. 130:

((ishq hamaare ;xayaal pa;Raa hai ;xvaab ga))ii aaraam gayaa
jii kaa jaanaa ;Ther gayaa hai .sub;h gayaa yaa shaam gayaa

((ishq kiyaa so diin gayaa iimaan gayaa islaam gayaa
dil ne aisaa kaam kiyaa kuchh jis se mai;N naakaam gayaa

haa))e javaanii kyaa kyaa kahye shor saro;N me;N rakhte the
ab kyaa hai vuh ((ahd gayaa vuh mausam vuh hangaam gayaa


GHAZAL 6 by Mus'hafi, p. 178:

nah vuh raate;N nah vuh baate;N nah vuh qi.s.sah kahaanii hai
faqa:t ik ham hai;N bistar par pa;Re aur naatavaanii hai

bhalaa mai;N haath dho bai;Thuu;N nah apnii jaan se kyuu;N kar
;xiraam us ke me;N ik aab-e ravaa;N kii sii ravaanii hai

tuu yuu;N be-pardah ho jaayaa nah kar har ek ke aage
nayaa ((aalam hai teraa aur na))ii kaafir javaanii hai

nah tanhaa gul garebaa;N phaa;Rte hai;N dekh is saj ko
chaman me;N aab-juu bhii chaal par us kii divaanii hai

tirii baato;N ne to ay mu.s;hafii jii ko jalaa ;Daalaa
;xuda ke vaas:te chup rah yih kyaa aatish zabaanii hai

 


 
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