22. COMPARATIVE STUDY OF RELIGIONS
If I found myself entirely
absorbed in the service of the community, the reason behind it was my desire
for self-realization. I had made the religion of service my own, as I felt
that God could be realized only through service. And service for me was
the service of India, because it came to me without my seeking, because
I had an aptitude for it. I had gone to South Africa for travel, for finding
an escape from Kathiawad intrigues, and for gaining my own livelihood.
But as I have said, I found myself in search of God and striving for self-realization.
Christian friends had whetted
my appetite for knowledge, which had become almost insatiable, and they
would not leave me in peace, even if I desired to be indifferent. In Durban
Mr. Spencer Walton, the head of the South Africa General Mission, found
me out. I became almost a member of his family. At the back of this acquaintance
was of course my contact with Christians in Pretoria. Mr. Walton had a
manner all his own. I do not recollect his ever having invited me to embrace
Christianity. But he placed his life as an open book before me, and let
me watch all his movements. Mrs. Walton was a very gentle and talented
woman. I liked the attitude of this couple. We knew the fundamental differences
between us. Any amount of discussion could not efface them. Yet even differences
prove helpful, where there are tolerance, charity, and truth. I liked Mr.
and Mrs. Walton's humility, perseverance, and devotion to work, and we
met very frequently.
This friendship kept alive my
interest in religion. It was impossible now to get the leisure that I used
to have in Pretoria for my religious studies. But what little time I could
spare, I turned to good account. My religious correspondence continued.
Raychandbhai was guiding me. Some friend sent me Narmadashankar's book
Vichar. Its preface proved very helpful. I had heard about the Bohemian
way in which the poet had lived, and a description in the preface of the
revolution effected in his life by his religious studies captivated me.
I came to like the book, and read it from cover to cover with attention.
I read with interest Max Muller's book, India--What can it teach us?,
and the translation of the Upanishads published by the Theosophical
Society. All this enhanced my regard for Hinduism, and its beauties began
to grow upon me. It did not, however, prejudice me against other religions.
I read Washington Irving's Life of Mahomet and His Successors and
Carlyle's panegyric on the Prophet. These books raised Muhammad in my estimation.
I also read a book called The Sayings of Zarathustra.
Thus I gained more knowledge
of the different religions. The study stimulated my self-introspection,
and fostered in me the habit of putting into practice whatever appealed
to me in my studies. Thus I began some of the Yogic practices, as well
as I could understand them from a reading of the Hindu books. But I could
not get on very far, and decided to follow them with the help of some expert
when I returned to India. The desire has never been fulfilled.
I made too an intensive study
of Tolstoy's books. The Gospels in Brief, What to Do?, and
other books made a deep impression on me. I began to realize more and more
the infinite possibilities of universal love.
About the same time, I came
in contact with another Christian family. At their suggestion I attended
the Wesleyan church every Sunday. For these days I also had their standing
invitation to dinner. The church did not make a favourable impression on
me. The sermons seemed to me uninspiring. The congregation did not strike
me as being particularly religious. They were not an assembly of devout
souls; they appeared rather to be worldly-minded people, going to church
for recreation and in conformity to custom. Here, at times, I would involuntarily
doze. I was ashamed, but some of my neighbours, who were in no better case,
lightened the shame. I could not go on long like this, and soon gave up
attending the service.
My connection with the family
I used to visit every Sunday was abruptly broken. In fact it may be said
that I was warned to visit it no more. It happened thus. My hostess was
a good and simple woman, but somewhat narrow-minded. We always discussed
religious subjects. I was then re-reading Arnold's Light of Asia.
Once we began to compare the life of Jesus with that of Buddha. 'Look at
Gautama's compassion!' said I. 'It was not confined to mankind, it was
extended to all living beings. Does not one's heart overflow with love
to think of the lamb joyously perched on his shoulders? One fails to notice
this love for all living beings in the life of Jesus.' The comparison pained
the good lady. I could understand her feelings. I cut the matter short,
and we went to the dining room. Her son, a cherub aged scarcely five, was
also with us. I am happiest when in the midst of children, and this youngster
and I had long been friends. I spoke derisively of the piece of meat on
his plate and in high praise of the apple on mine. The innoncent boy was
carried away and joined in my praise of the fruit.
But the mother? She was dismayed.
I was warned. I checked myself
and changed the subject. The following week I visited the family as usual,
but not without trepidation. I did not see that I should stop going there,
I did not think it proper either. But the good lady made my way easy.
'Mr. Gandhi,' she said, 'please
don't take it ill if I feel obliged to tell you that my boy is none the
better for your company. Every day he hesitates to eat meat and asks for
fruit, reminding me of your argument. This is too much. If he gives up
meat, he is bound to get weak, if not ill. How could I bear it? Your discussions
should henceforth be only with us elders. They are sure to react badly
'Mrs. ---- ,' I replied, 'I
am sorry. I can understand your feelings as a parent, for I too have children.
We can very easily end this unpleasant state of things. What I eat and
omit to eat is bound to have a greater effect on the child than what I
say. The best way, therefore, is for me to stop these visits. That certainly
need not affect our friendship.'
'I thank you,' she said with