3. POCKETED THE INSULT
I smarted under the insult,
but as I had pocketed many such in the past, I had become inured to them.
I therefore decided to forget this latest one, and take what course a dispassionate
view of the case might suggest.
We had a letter from the Chief
of the Asiatic Department, to the effect that as I had seen Mr. Chamberlain
in Durban, it had been found necessary to omit my name from the deputation
which was to wait on him.
The letter was more than my
co-workers could bear. They proposed to drop the idea of the deputation
altogether. I pointed out to them the awkward situation of the community.
'If you do not represent your
case before Mr. Chamberlain,' said I, 'it will be presumed that you have
no case at all. After all, the representation has to be made in writing,
and we have got it ready. It does not matter in the least whether I read
it or someone else reads it. Mr. Chamberlain is not going to argue the
matter with us. I am afraid we must swallow the insult.'
I had scarcely finished speaking
when Tyeb Sheth cried out, 'Does not an insult to you amount to an insult
to the community? How can we forget that you are our representative?'
'Too true,' said I. 'But even
the community will have to pocket insults like these. Have we any alternative?'
'Come what may, why should we
swallow a fresh insult? Nothing worse can possibly happen to us. Have we
many rights to lose?' asked Tyeb Sheth.
It was a spirited reply, but
of what avail was it? I was fully conscious of the limitations of the community.
I pacified my friends, and advised them to have in my place Mr. George
Godfrey, an Indian barrister.
So Mr. Godfrey led the deputation.
Mr. Chamberlain referred in his reply to my exclusion. 'Rather than hear
the same representative over and over again, is it not better to have someone
new?' he said, and tried to heal the wound.
But all this, far from ending
the matter, only added to the work of the community and also to mine. We
had to start afresh.
'It is at your instance that
the community helped in the war, and you see the result now,' were the
words with which some people taunted me. But the taunt had no effect. 'I
do not regret my advice,' said I. 'I maintain that we did well in taking
part in the war. In doing so we simply did our duty. We may not look forward
to any reward for our labours, but it is my firm conviction that all good
action is bound to bear fruit in the end. Let us forget the past and think
of the task before us.' With which the rest agreed.
I added: 'To tell you the truth,
the work for which you had called me is practically finished. But I believe
I ought not to leave the Transvaal, so far as it is possible, even if you
permit me to return home. Instead of carrying on my work from Natal, as
before, I must now do so from here. I must no longer think of returning
to India within a year, but must get enrolled in the Transvaal Supreme
Court. I have confidence enough to deal with this new department. If we
do not do this, the community will be hounded out of the country, besides
being thoroughly robbed. Every day it will have fresh insults heaped upon
it. The facts that Mr. Chamberlain refused to see me and that the official
insulted me, are nothing before the humiliation of the whole community.
It will become impossible to put up with the veritable dog's life that
we shall be expected to lead.'
So I set the ball rolling, discussed
things with Indians in Pretoria and Johannesburg, and ultimately decided
to set up office in Johannesburg.
It was indeed doubtful whether
I would be enrolled in the Transvaal Supreme Court. But the Law Society
did not oppose my application, and the court allowed it. It was difficult
for an Indian to secure rooms for [an] office in a suitable locality. But
I had come in fairly close contact with Mr. Ritch, who was then one of
the merchants there. Through the good offices of the house agent known
to him, I succeeded in securing suitable rooms for my office in the legal
quarters of the city, and I started on my professional work.