Buddhist stupa at Mohenjo-daro (c.200): In a striking act
of cultural appropriation, a Buddhist stupa is built amidst the ruins
one of the great cities of the Indus Valley Civilization.
Bahi (c.100's-200's): The famous Buddhist monastery at
Bahi, on a hilltop near Peshawar, Pakistan, dates from this period.
A tablet giving most of what little we know about Gondophares was found
here. The monastery probably contains lovely works of art: *Met
I (c.195-230), the last of the powerful Kushan emperors,
is as thoroughly Indianized as his name. His beautiful coins show Shiva
or Lakshmi, and make heavy use of the Kharoshti script (*grifterrec*).
Vasudeva's capital is at Mathura. [*Routes*]
of Tyana," by Philostratus (c.220) (*livius.org*),
purports to be a biography of the earlier Greek neo-Pythagorean
But in fact the text describes a quite imaginary journey to India, and
mystical conversations with Indian kings and sages (*mountain
(c.200s) is, besides Amaravati, the other main early Buddhist site in
is now Andhra Pradesh. It too is now mostly ruined, with its lovely
in museum collections. Images: *DSAL*;