Buddha is born (c.480 BCE):
to Buddhist tradition, in the Shaka tribe, living in the Himalayan
of southeastern Nepal (*the
early Buddhist heartland*), a young prince is born who is called
Gautama. Through early experiences, he realizes the true nature of life
and suffering: *Met
Buddha's teaching: The young
Gautama begins to preach at Sarnath (*Berger*),
near Varanasi. Soon he becomes known as the Buddha, the "Enlightened
of Indian Tradition*.
BCE) becomes the first person whose writing about India has survived;
world perhaps looks like this: *Henry
Davis*. He reports in his "History" (*Columbia
U.*) that Darius used to receive more tribute from his Indian
than from any others; he also speaks of the valued presence of Indian
in the Persian army; *India
as the Greeks knew it*.
giant gold-digging ants: Of course, Herodotus does
some very odd things about India as well. Among them are the giant
ants, in Book 3, Chapters 102-105 (*Perseus*);
these ants are picked up by *Strabo*
(see section 15:44) and *Pliny*,
and become part of a body of legendary material that circulates in
till the medieval period (*Munster*).
And now, at last, here's a theory to explain them: *livius*.
Buddha's death (c.400 BCE): The
dies around 400 BCE (*L.
S. Cousins*). Within a few centuries, his religion becomes South
most important cultural export. Remarkable stories about his many
births also appear, in the form of narratives called "Jatakas" (*IGNCA*).