A coin of Gondophares, founder of the Indo-Parthian dynasty; with the Greek goddess Nike, and legends in both Greek and Kharoshthi
(downloaded Mar. 2004)
"Gondophares I (20 - 50 AD). AE Tetradrachm. 25 mm. 8.05 gm. Die position=10h reverse. Obverse (left image): Diademed and bearded bust, left; quiff of hair sticking up above forehead. Greek legend. Reverse (right image): Winged Nike standing right with wreath and palm. Karosthi legend. Karosthi Ma in left field. Note: Reverse legend still not deciphered (see: Senior ISCH Vol. II page 149; possibly: Ma(h)arajasa Gadaranisadasa Hinasa Vanidasa Janati Dudetratri(?)."
Another coin of Gondophares, with Greek and Kharoshthi inscriptions; the dates of Gondophares have been much disputed
(downloaded Apr. 2004)
"Indo-Scythian: Gondophares. AE octodrachm, c. 50-10 BCE or c. 20-55 CE. Weight:19.10 gm., Diam:27-28 mm., Die axis:11h. Bust of Gondophares facing right. Greek legend: BACI?E?C C?THPOC VN?O?EPPOV (of King Gondophares, the Saviour)/. Winged Nike standing right, holding diadem. Kharoshti legend: Maharajasa Gudaphanisa tratarasa.
The date of Gondophares is a matter of great contoversy. He has been equated with one "King Gudnaphar" mentioned in the Apocryphal Acts of St. Thomas, an early Christian text. As St. Thomas met this King Gudnaphar, the date for Gondophares necessarily had to be no earlier than approximately year 20 CE. However, Robert Senior has argued that the King Gudnaphar of the Acts was probably Gondophares-Sases, who succeeded Abdagases, the successor to Gondophares I. On the basis of numismatic evidence, Senior dates Gondophares 70 years earlier than the conventional date. This unique coin was published by Senior in the Newsletter of the Oriental Numismatic Society, No. 171 (Spring 2002). Copper tetradrachms of Gondophares, weighing approximately 9.5 gm., are very common, but this double-weight coin, at 19.10 gm., is the only one known of this denomination."
In this Greek-Kharoshthi tetrodrachm coin Gondophares honors Shiva
(downloaded Oct. 2006)
"Indo Parthian Kings Gondophares AE Tetradrachm. Date: 30-50 AD. Obverse: King on horseback right. Reverse: Siva facing holding trident. Size: 22.14 mm.Weight: 9.1 grams."
In another Greek-Kharoshthi tetradrachm, Gondophares honors Zeus
(downloaded May 2006)
"Indo Parthian, Gondophares: AD 30-55, AE Tetradrachm, 24mm. King on horseback right / Zeus walking right."
A Greek-Kharoshthi tetradrachm coin by Gondophares's successor, Abdagases I (r. c.50-65 CE)
(downloaded May 2006)
"Indo Parthian, Abdagases: Horseman / Zeus. AD 55-65, AE Tetradrachm, 24mm. King on horseback right / Zeus walking right."
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