A British-Indian force attacks the Ghazni fort during the First Afghan War, 1839

Source: http://www.bsakirkee.org/Photo%20Gallery/img_Ghuznee.html
(downloaded Feb. 2005)

*The fortress and citadel of Ghazni (Afghanistan) and the two Minars, a painting by James Atkinson, c.1839* (BL); the minars were constructed by Bahram Shah (early 1100's)

*"Town and Citadel of Ghuznee," a painting by James Rattray, 1848* (BL);
also: *"Mosque and Tomb of the Emperor Soolta Mahmood of Ghuznee* [*Rattray 1848b*];
also: *Hyder Khan, the Governor of Ghuznee* [*Rattray 1848c*]

An engraving from an English history book, 1851

Source: ebay, Apr. 2007

"Ghuznee," a steel engraving by A. H. Payne (Brain & Payne of London, 1860); *a very large scan of this engraving*

Source: ebay, Jan. 2007


Some of the few remains of Ghaznavid royal pomp: an arch, and the base of the minar of Bahram Shah (r.1118-52)

Source of arch: http://www.die-bodenstedts.de/ruine-ghazni.html
(downloaded Nov. 2004)

Source of victory tower: http://www.answers.com/topic/ghazni-minaret1-jpg
(downloaded Jan. 2006)

*A large but fuzzy image of the minar of Bahram Shah*

Source: http://mirbacha.tripod.com/sitebuildercontent/sitebuilderpictures/ghazni.jpg
(downloaded Jan. 2006)

This photo of the Minar of Bahram Shah, from *Nancy Dupree's guidebook* to Afghanistan, shows that the base of the Minar of Sultan Mas'ud III also still survives

Source: http://www.zharov.com/dupree/chapter09.html
(downloaded Jan. 2007)

Mahmud's tomb, a photo from 1969

Source: http://www.thewalt.de/afghanistan/ghazni_etc/pages/d8_69_07.htm
(downloaded Nov. 2004)

The remains of the two minars, as they look today

Source: http://www.flickr.com/photos/jdlightle/210230766/
(downloaded Oct. 2007)

The remains of the minar of Bahram Shah

Source: http://www.flickr.com/photos/roadwork/1389218093/
(downloaded Jan. 2009)

"Nomads may move in overnight and pitch their tents in a minefield as happened here" [in Ghazni]

This photo was taken in Ghazni during de-mining operations; the fort is visible in the distance at the top right.

Source: http://www.mech.uwa.edu.au/jpt/demining/countries/afghan/minefields-afghan2.html
(downloaded Feb. 2005)

"Kuchi camel in Ghazni" (below the fort)

Source: http://www.flickr.com/photos/jdlightle/210174513/
(downloaded Jan. 2008)

"Afghan children play on an abandoned tank, Ghazni"

Source: http://www.flickr.com/photos/rodrigobravod/1029939258/
(downloaded Jan. 2008)

Ghazni: the modern town, with the fort on the hill in the background

Source: http://avalon.unomaha.edu/afghan/afghanistan/ghazni/bz01pic.htm
(downloaded July 2005)

A closer view of the fort

Source: http://www.flickr.com/photos/7152100@N04/421943157/
(downloaded May 2007)

"Ghazni: the city wall"

Source: http://www.trekearth.com/gallery/Asia/Afghanistan/photo296415.htm
(downloaded May 2006)

"On the way to Ghazni"

Source: http://www.flickr.com/photos/91279300@N00/89144409/
(downloaded Jan. 2009)

"Ghazni by air"

Source: http://www.flickr.com/photos/strickvl/2520015341/
(downloaded Jan. 2009)

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