AVADH and the Navabs in the 1700's

"Oude," in the northern half of Section 7; and here are some *Lucknow city maps*
Under the Navabs, Lucknow became known for its magnificent arches, gateways, and palaces
Traditions of miniature painting too continued at a high level
Lucknow had a lively street life, and craftsmen who were famous for their excellence in a variety of traditional skills
The first Navab was Saadat 'Ali Khan (r.1722-39); next came Safdar Jang (1739-54)-- and then Shuja ud-Daulah (r.1756-75)
Shuja ud-Daulah also had a notable palace at FAIZABAD, which had been the capital of Avadh before the move to Lucknow
Shuja ud-Daulah's governor in GHAZIPUR (near Banaras), Faiz Ali Shah, left behind an architectural legacy of his own
Shuja ud-Daulah was on the losing side in the battle of Buxar (1864); from then on he had to endure increasing British interference, as did Asif ud-Daulah (r.1775-97), the fourth Navab of Avadh
Asif ud-Daulah constructed the huge Bara (Great) Imambara complex; later he was buried there
The famous Rumi Darvaza, or Turkish Gate, said to be a copy of one in Istanbul, was built as the northwestern entrance to the Bara Imambara complex
Two modern photographers' studies of the Bara Imambara
A look inside the Bara Imambara

(*The story continues in the 1800's...*)

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