Tipu Sultan's nemesis, Lord Cornwallis-- fresh from his American defeat, in this portrait painted in 1782

Source: http://www.christies.com/LotFinder/search/LotDetail.asp?sid=&intObjectID=3928380&SE=CMWCAT04+225509+%2D459059764+&QR=M+1+41+Aqc0000900+202045++Aqc0000900+&entry=india&SU=1&RQ=True&AN=42
(downloaded: May 2002)

"Daniel Gardner (1750-1805). Portrait of Charles, 1st Marquis Cornwallis (1738-1805), small full-length, in uniform, leaning on a cane, in a landscape with a battle beyond. Inscribed and dated 'Earl/Cornwallis/1782' (lower left); pencil, pastel and bodycolour, oval; 35½ x 26 in. (90.2 x 66 cm.).

Lot Notes: The sitter was the sixth child and eldest son of the 1st Earl Cornwallis. In 1776 he sailed for America, in comand of seven regiments of infantry, to reinforce the English Army there. He displayed considerable military ability and achieved many notable successes during the American war of Independence, before being finally defeated and forced to surrender at Yorktown on 19 October 1781. He went on to become Govenor-General and Commander-in-Chief in India from 1786 until 1793, during which time he was created Marquis Cornwallis in 1792. He was Viceroy and Commander-in-Chief in Ireland from 1798 to 1801. During a return trip to India in 1805 for peace negotiations with Scindia and Holkar he was taken ill and died on the 5th October aged sixty-six."

*"The Bengal Levee," showing Lord Cornwallis in a crowd of sycophants. Coloured etching after an original drawing made on the spot; by James Gillray, London, 1792* (BL)

*Statue in Honour of Marquis Cornwallis, an aquatint by George Dawe, 1803* (BL)

*House at Ghazipur which Lord Cornwallis inhabited at the time of his death; a watercolor by Seeta Ram, 1814-15* (BL)

*"Charles Marquis Cornwallis," an engraving by Copley and Holl; from The History of Ireland by Thomas Wright, published by John Tallis, 1855*

Source: ebay, May 2006

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