The Dutch fort at Jafnapatam, and a view of its larger setting, from Philip Baldaeus, 'The True and Exact Description of the Most Celebrated East-India Coast of Malabar and Choromandel as also of the Island of Ceylon', Amsterdam, 1672

Source: ebay, Dec. 2011




A view from Francois Valentijn, 'Oud en Nieuw Oost-Indien', 1724-26

Source: ebay, May 2010




A view of Ballales (or Goy), a major clan in Jafnapatam; from Philip Baldaeus, 'The True and Exact Description of the Most Celebrated East-India Coast of Malabar and Choromandel as also of the Island of Ceylon', reprinted by Lintot and Osborn, 1744 (originally published in 1672)

Source: ebay, July 2010

Jafnapatam, now Jaffna, in Sri Lanka (Schley engraving, from Prevost, 1755); *a very large scan of this map*

Source: ebay, Feb. 2005


== Indian Routes index == Indian Routes sitemap == Glossary == FWP's main page ==