"People of Jafnapatnam," and an overview map, by Philip Baldaeus, from 'Nauwkeurige beschrijving Malabar en Choromandel, derz. aangrenzend rijken, en het machtige eiland Ceylon' , Amsterdam, 1672

Source: ebay, Aug. 2014





A view from Francois Valentijn, 'Oud en Nieuw Oost-Indien', 1724-26

Source: ebay, May 2010




A view of Ballales (or Goy), a major clan in Jafnapatam; from Philip Baldaeus, 'The True and Exact Description of the Most Celebrated East-India Coast of Malabar and Choromandel as also of the Island of Ceylon', reprinted by Lintot and Osborn, 1744 (originally published in 1672)

Source: ebay, July 2010

Jafnapatam, now Jaffna, in Sri Lanka (Schley engraving, from Prevost, 1755); *a very large scan of this map*

Source: ebay, Feb. 2005


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