'Negapatnam opde kust van Choromandel', from 'Wouter Schouten's Travels into the East Indies', 2nd ed., Amsterdam, 1708

Source: ebay, Aug. 2010






An overview of Negapatam; and the tomb of the wife of a Dutch East India Company governor of Negapatam named Van Steelant; both from 'Oud en Nieuw Oost-Indien' by Francis Valentijn, Amsterdam 1726

Source: ebay, Dec. 2009

A Dutch fanam of the type minted at Negapatam, c.1657-1784

Source: http://www.vcoins.com/ancient/coinindia/store/viewitem.asp?idProduct=241
(downloaded July 2007)

"DUTCH INDIA: Gold fanam, Negapatam type. Obverse  Formalized figure of deity (Kali?) standing facing. Reverse  Degenerate (geometric?) design. Date  c. 1657-1784. Weight  0.34 gm. Diameter  6 mm."



A plan of Negapatam, from 'Description of the Most Celebrated East India Coasts of Malabar and Coromandel..." by Philip Baldaeus, Amsterdam 1672; later republished by Awnsham and Churchill, 'A Collection of Voyages and Travels', London 1744

Source: ebay, Aug. 2012


The Battle of Negapatam, 1782, between the French and the English

Source: http://www.nmm.ac.uk/searchbin/searchs.pl?exhibit=it0516i&axis=1101400722&flash=true&dev=
(downloaded Dec. 2004)

"Battle of Negapatam, 6 July 1782. Artist: Dominic Serres, the Elder. Date: 1786. Oil on canvas. 1117.6 x 1828.8 mm. National Maritime Museum, London, Greenwich Hospital Collection. The French were seeking to take control of the British-held port of Negapatam on the eastern coast of India. There was no clear result but the British managed to force a French retreat. The action was fought with the two opposing fleets lined up in their squadrons firing at each other. This line formation dominated sea warfare in the 18th century."


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