From a Portuguese atlas, 1630

Source: ebay, Mar. 2007

"Die Stadt Covlang" by Philip Baldaeus, from 'Nauwkeurige beschrijving Malabar en Choromandel, derz. aangrenzend rijken, en het machtige eiland Ceylon' , Amsterdam, 1672

Source: ebay, Aug. 2014

"Coylang," or Quilon, from 'Gedenkweerdige Brasiliaense Zee en Lantreize ...' by Johan Nieuhof, published by Jacob van Meurs, Amsterdam, 1682. First and only Dutch edition. Later amended English edition published by Churchill in 1744.

Source: ebay, Sept. 2005

"Nieuhof's Audience with ye Queen of Koylang [Quilon]," from "Mr John Nieuhoff's remarkable voyages & travels into ye best provinces of ye West and East Indies", printed for Awnsham and John Churchill at the Black Swan in Pater Noster Row, London, 1703

Source: ebay, Sept. 2004

"The city of Coylang," with Dutch East India Company ships in the harbor; from 'Wouter Schouten's travels into the East Indies', 2nd ed., Amsterdam, 1708; also *"The Royal Pagoda and Palace Conquered" [by the Dutch, Dec. 1661]*; also *"Two black kings come to Coulang" [and submit to the Dutch]*

Source: ebay, Aug. 2010

A plan published by the Van Keulen family in 'De Zee En Land-Caarten en Gizigeten van steeden en landvertooningen van oost-indien', 1752

Source: ebay, Oct. 2007

A plan of the Dutch fortress by Bellin, from *PREVOST*, c.1750's; *Bellin's map of its immediate vicinity*

Source: ebay, Nov. 2006

"The city of Coylang" with a Dutch fleet in the harbor, by C. Decker, from Schouten's: 'Reistogt naar en door Ost Indien', 1775

Source: ebay, Apr. 2008

Today, Tangasseri Fort (built by the Dutch in the 1500's) survives only as a few ruined walls

(downloaded Nov. 2006)

== Indian Routes index == Indian Routes sitemap == Glossary == FWP's main page ==