"A sage with his students," Mughal school, c.1610

Source: http://www.christies.com/LotFinder/lfsearch/LotDescription.aspx?intObjectId=4892449
(downloaded Mar. 2007)

"A SAGE WITH HIS STUDENTS, MUGHAL SCHOOL, INDIA, CIRCA 1610. Gouache on paper, depicting the sage with pupils of various ages seated on a terrace, a garden visible behind, old retouching, mounted with pink border between black rules, green silk brocade outer border, red with gold and silver thread, old collection label on reverse, yellow velvet-covered case. Miniature 7 7/8 x 4 in. (20 x 10.3cm.)"

*"Group of sages in discussion," a Safavid miniature painting, c.1650*, from the collection of the Aga Khan Museum (*more information*)

Source: http://www.akdn.org/museum/detail.asp?artifactid=1524
(downloaded Apr. 2011)

"A Turkish or Arabian School," from 'Geography on a Popular Plan',  by Rev J. Goldsmith, published by Richard Phillips, London, 1811

Source: ebay, Jan. 2008

*An old Hausa writing board, 19" x 9.5", mid-1900's*-- a lesson was written on the board with water-soluble ink, then later washed off for re-use; in the picture above, several of the boys are studying from boards like this

Source: ebay, Nov. 2009

*"Pupils of the 'Arabic and Persian Indigenous School' at the Jami Masjid, Lahore, c.1870"* (BL)

*A moulvi and his pupils studying Arabic, Agra; a photo by Simon Kempson, 1871* (BL)

*Arabic-Persian class at Canning College, Lucknow; a photo from 1871* (BL)

"A Muslim school in Allahabad," from 'Le Tour de Monde', 1874

Source: ebay, Feb. 2008

"Mollahs of Bhopal" a wood engraving by A. de Neuville, from 'Le Tour du Monde', 1873

Source: ebay, Oct. 2008

"A Mulsulmaun Schoolmaster," by D'Oyly; late 1800's

Source: ebay, Sept. 2002

"Syed Shah Fakhrud-Deen Suf, a Mohammedan Munshi, a respected literary Indian person," by Lady Lawley, 1914

Source: ebay, Mar. 2013

"Inside a madrasa, in the middle of nowhere but not far from Murshidabad"

Source: http://www.indiamike.com/photopost/showphoto.php/photo/21465/limit/recent
(downloaded June 2008)

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