Early river-based cultures: on the Nile; in Mesopotamia; on the Indus; in northern China

Source: http://www.harappa.com/indus2/oldworld.html
(downloaded Sept. 2006)

"Interaction networks of the Ravi phase" (c.3300-2800 BCE)

Source: http://www.harappa.com/indus2/gif/33.jpg
(downloaded Sept. 2008)

The remarkable trade networks of the Indus Valley Civilization at its height: the "Integration Era," in the "Harappan Phase," c.2600-1900 BCE

Source: http://www.harappa.com/indus/map1.html
(downloaded Apr. 2004)

Another look at the "Harappan phase"

Source: http://www.harappa.com/indus2/gif/11.jpg
(downloaded Sept. 2008)

The "Localization Era" (post-2000 BCE)

Source: http://www.harappa.com/indus2/gif/32.jpg
(downloaded Sept. 2008)

A larger overview map

Source: http://bosei.cc.u-tokai.ac.jp/~indus/english/map.html
(downloaded Nov. 2004)

== Indian Routes index == Indian Routes sitemap == Glossary == FWP's main page ==