UMRA'O JAN "ADA" (1899)

by Mirza Muhammad Hadi "Rusva" (1857-1931)


*Introduction by FWP*
*proof that it's a novel, not an autobiography*

The novel begins with a mushairah:
*1a* ~~ The narrator, "Mirza Rusva," meets with his friends
~~ Umrao Jan joins the gathering
~~ Arrangements for the mushairah
~~ Umrao Jan recites a ghazal
~~ The Khan Sahib's and the Navab Sahib's turns
~~ Pandit-ji's recitation
~~ Shaikh Sahib's ghazal, and Mirza Sahib's excuses
~~ Rusva recites his own ghazal
~~ Rusva reads Mirza Sahib's ghazal
~~ A visiting poet satirizes mushairah behavior:
verses *1-15* -- *16-30* -- *31-46*

~~ Agha Sahib's long and controversial ghazal:
verses *1-8* -- *9-15* -- *16-17*

~~ After the mushairah

~~~~~ ~~~~~

*pre-1857 drawings of nautch girls* ~~ *post-1857 drawings of nautch girls*
*early photographs of nautch girls*


*Philip Lutgendorf on the 1981 film*
*a transcript of the 1981 film, made by the staff of the Berkeley Urdu Language Program in Pakistan*; and their *glossary*
*a Devanagari text and serial glossary for the 1981 film*

Ghazals by *Shahryar* from the 1981 film:
*dil chiz kya hai* ~~ *justaju jis ki* ~~ *in ankhon ki masti* ~~ *zindagi jab bhi* ~~ *yih kya jagah hai* ~~ *jab bhi milti hai*

*about the 2006 film*
*a review: Ziya us-Salam in The Hindu, Nov. 5, 2006*
*the filmmaker responds in Indiatimes*
*a review: Mamun M. Adil in Dawn, Nov. 26, 2006*

*a Pakistani television series, 2003*

*a song from the 1972 Pakistani film (Noor Jehan)*
*and another (Runa Laila)*
*and one more*


== Abid Khan and Akshay Chavan, "Umrao Jan Ada: the first modern Indian novel," *LiveHistoryIndia (Mar. 2020)*
== Soumya Rao, "Tawaifs: The unsung heroes of India's freedom struggle," *Scroll.in (May 2019)*
== Alison Safadi, "The 'Fallen' Woman in Two Colonial Novels: Umra'o Jan Ada and Bazaar-e Husn / Sevasadan," *Annual of Urdu Studies 24 (2009)*
== Joachim K. Bautze, "Umrao Jan Ada: her carte-de-visite" (2009), *on this site*
== Kamran Asdar Ali, "Courtesans in the Living Room," *Annual of Urdu Studies 20 (2005)*
== M. Asaduddin, "First Urdu Novel: Claims and Disclaimers," *Annual of Urdu Studies 16 (2001)*
== Daniela Bredi, "Fallen Women: A Comparison of Rusva and Manto," *Annual of Urdu Studies 16 (2001)*

== Saira Irshad Khan, "Umrao Jan Revisited", *Newsline, July 2001*
== C. M. Naim, "The Earliest Extant Review of Umra'o Jan," *Annual of Urdu Studies 15 (2000)*
David Matthews, trans., Umrao Jan Ada, New Delhi: Rupa and Co., 1996 (and later reprints)
Mukul Kesavan, "Urdu, Awadh, and the Tawaif: the Islamicate roots of Hindi cinema" (1994): *on this site*
Veena Talwar Oldenburg,"Lifestyle as Resistance: The Case of the Courtesans of Lucknow" (1990): *on this site*
Gail Minault, "Begamati Zuban: Women's Language and Culture in Nineteenth-Century Delhi" (1984): *on this site*
== Manto, Sa'adat Hasan, "Ismat Chughtai," *Annual of Urdu Studies 16 (2001)*
Munibur Rahman, "The Mushairah," *Annual of Urdu Studies 3 (1983)*
*Ralph Russell, "The Development of the Modern Novel in Urdu" (1970): *on this site*
Khushwant Singh and M. A. Hussaini, trans., Umrao Jan Ada (The Courtesan of Lucknow), New Delhi: Orient Longmans (UNESCO), 1961, and many later reprints: *Chapter 1*
Shaista Akhtar Bano Suhrawardy, from A Critical Survey of the Development of the Urdu Novel and Short Story (London: Longmans, 1945): *on this site*







== Fran's favorites == fwp's main page ==