a wide variety of tools

='Aamozish', a script-teaching program from Rekhta.org:: [site]

=A script-learning site maintained by Hugo Coolens: [site]

=Another script-learning site, ukindia.com: [site]

=A Hindi/Urdu language school in Delhi, "Zabaan": [site]; and the Landour Language School in Mussoorie: [site]

=A script-teaching video put together by our own Tyler Williams for his students at Columbia: [site]

=Sean Pue's Hindi/Urdu learning site that can conveniently be viewed on cellphones: [site]

=A script-teaching book, "Lessons in Urdu Script" by Mohammed Zakir, 1973: [on this site]

="The Arabic Alphabet: A Guided Tour," by Michael Beard (based on naskh, but nice): [site]

=Before you complain about the Urdu script, compare the one you'd have to learn for *Sindhi*, or the complexities of *Pushto*

=And if you're vexed by Urdu spelling-- be glad you're not learning English. Then you'd have spelling and pronunciation problems like THROUGH -- THOUGH -- BOUGH -- THOUGHT -- TOUGH.

=And if you find our current textbooks unsatisfactory-- take a look at this one and see how much progress we've made since this *grammar book from 1771*

=C. M. Naim: ==>*Naim's most important GRAMMAR and SCRIPT topics*<== from Introductory Urdu, Volume 1 (Chicago: South Asia Language and Area Center University of Chicago, 1999), online through DSAL and linked through this site

=FWP: ==>*my own informal Urdu script notes and Urdu/Hindi teaching notes*<==

=Rupert Snell's very helpful presentation on *the Hindi-Urdu verb*

=Akbar Illahabadi: some of his satiric verses, translated and annotated for students by Miriam Murtuza: [on this site]

=Barker's wordlist: Never out of print, and never should be: M. A. R. Barker, et al., Urdu-English Vocabulary (Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, 1991 [1980]): [site]. The best part of it is the frequency count that lets you know at once how widely used a word is.

=A special website devoted to intermediate-level Urdu readings, housed at Washington University: [site]

=AIIS-Columbia Urdu Modules Project: 28 thematic modules on Urdu language and culture: [site]

=AIIS and Columbia University video modules, 2016: [28 thematic modules]

=M. A. R. Barker's helpful overviews, from vol. 2 of A Course in Urdu (1967), of the Persian elements [on this site] and Arabic elements [on this site] used in Urdu.

=the Bible in Urdu: beautiful script, interesting to see how they translate things: [site]

=S. R. Faruqi, Urdu ki na'i kitab (1986), a literary anthology for students, with introductory material in simple, clear Urdu: [on this site]

=A manual on letter-writing, full of useful examples, highly recommended by Amy Bard: Asan khutut-navisi (1979) [on this site]

="Fran's Favorites," a set of study materials (Urdu texts, translations, commentary, background material) for some important literary and historical works: [on this site]

="The Great Glossary Fair," through which we all help each other: [on this site]

=Ahmad, Rizwan, "Urdu in Devanagari: Shifting orthographic practices and Muslim identity in Delhi," Language in Society 40,3: [site]

=Prof. Peter Hook offers us 'Some experiments in the English ghazal'. Unpublished; made available by the author here only, for classroom use and discussion: [on this site]

=Iqbaliana: "'Allamah Iqbal: ek mahbubah, tin biviyan, char shadiyan," by Dr. Khalid Sohail, an analysis of Iqbal as a "creative personality," in beautifully readable large nasta'liq, easy for script-learners: [site]

=Iqbaliana: An elaborate visual and musical treatment of Iqbal's famous nazm "Khizr-e rah," suitable for advanced students: [site]

=Library of Congress readings of their own work by six writers: [site]

=C. M. Naim, Introductory Urdu, Volume 2 (Chicago: South Asia Language and Area Center University of Chicago, 1999), online through DSAL: [site]; and in a *large-format PDF version*

=C. M. Naim, Readings in Urdu: prose and poetry (Honolulu: East-West Center Press, [1965]), online through DSAL: [site]

=Munshi Thakardass Pahwa, The Modern Hindustani Scholar, or, The Pucca Munshi (Calcutta: Baptist Mission Press, 1919): [site]

=the Narang reader: Back in print and highly recommended as a basic reader: the famous "Narang reader" that my generation learned from: Gopi Chand Narang, Urdu: Readings in Literary Urdu Prose (New Delhi: National Council for the Promotion of Urdu Language, 2001 [Univ. of Wisconsin Press, 1968]). You can probably find it on Amazon. It has graded stories, beautiful nasta'liq, and facing-page serial glossaries. Despite the title, it's introductory and simplified rather than seriously "literary" in its scope. Here's an analysis of its good and bad features by C. M. Naim, c.1967: [on this site]. As an illustration of its structure, here's a little story from it, "Marrying a Mouse": [on this site]; with a version for Urdu script learners.

=The Oxford Living Dictionary, Urdu-English: [site]

=For advanced students: a small book of the Persian verb forms, from an Urduized perspective: [on this site]

=For ADVANCED students only: a *brief handbook on shikastah* and other more difficult script styles; and an *elaborate, detailed handbook on shikastah*

= John T. Platts, A Grammar of the Hindustani or Urdu Language (1874): [site]. And who could do without his peerless Dictionary of Urdu, Classical Hindi, and English (1884): [site]?

=D. C. Phillott (1860-1930) wrote a variety of useful and enjoyable books on Hindustani grammar and idiom: [site]

=Pratham Books provides a series of interesting children's stories, each read aloud in Hindi, Urdu, and English: [site].

=Yousufi, Mushtaq Ahmad, "The First Memorable Poetry Festival of Dhiraj Ganj," translated by Matt Reeck and Aftab Ahmad (with Urdu text and oral reading): Asymptote, Jan. 2013: [site]

="Islam" by Fazlur Rahman (1966; 2nd ed. 1979), the work of a distinguished Pakistani scholar who taught at the Univ. of Chicago, translated into Urdu by Muhammad Kazim (Mash'al Books): [site]

="M. de Tassy's History of Hindi Literature," by F.E.H. (1850); for illustrations of many and various ways to misread the Urdu script (including the conversion of a beggar into a donkey), see pp. 27ff.: [site]

=Walt Whitman in Urdu: "Ghas ki pattiyan," trans. by Qayyum Nazar, 1963 (English text and Urdu translation): [on this site]


=The BBC (listenable news, presented in sound files): [site]
=The BBC (Urdu homepage): [site]
=Voice of America (Urdu homepage): [site]
=The Gov't of India's Urdu news bureau: [site]
="Tanqeed," a serious, intelligent bilingual Urdu/English online journal: [site]
="Jang," a Pakistani newspaper: [site]

="Daily Ausaf" of Islamabad: [site]
="Daily Khabaren" of Pakistan: [site]
="Akhbar-e Jahan" (Karachi), a weekly news magazine: [site]
="Milap" of New Delhi: [site]
="Inqilab" of Mumbai: [site]
="Sahara" of New Delhi: [site]
="The Siyasat Daily" of Hyderabad (India): [site]

="The Munsif Daily" of Hyderabad (India): [site]
="Tarjuman ul-Qur'an," a monthly religious journal: [site]
="Urdustan" of San Diego: [site]
="The Voice of Toronto": [site]
="Austrian Times": [site]

=Pakistani national anthem: It's surprisingly hard to find the text of the Pakistani national anthem, so here it is: [on this site]. It could almost be in Persian, but notice the decisive ka  that tips the balance. Compare the popularly sung Iqbal ghazal "Indian Song": [on this site]. And here is the Indian national anthem too, followed by the notoriously controversial "Vande Mataram": [on this site].

=Sean Pue: "Mir in Cyberspace," a great script and reading tool: [site]; and the *ONLINE GHAZAL READER* created by Sean Pue and FWP

=Christopher Shackle and Rupert Snell, Hindi-Urdu Since 1800: A Common Reader (London: SOAS, 1990): [on this site]

=John Shakespear, 1834, an early Urdu textbook:  Muntakhabat-e Hindi vol. 2: [site]


==Platts, John T. (1830-1904). A Dictionary of Urdu, Classical Hindi, and English. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1930's impression, online through DSAL: [site]. Still peerless.

==Rekhta.org: their synthesizing dictionary page.

==Steingass, Francis Joseph (1825-1903). A Comprehensive Persian-English Dictionary; Including the Arabic Words and Phrases to be Met with in Persian Literature. London: Routledge and K. Paul, 1892, online through DSAL: [site]; excellent for poetry and older texts.

==Shakespear, John (1775-1858). A Dictionary, Hindustani and English; with a Copious Index. 3rd ed., 1834, online through DSAL: [site]

==Sangaji, S., A Handy Urdu Dictionary, based on Shakespeare and the Best Modern Authorities. Madras, 1899; online through Google: [site]

==An English-to-Urdu dictionary, not perfect (no genders of nouns, for example) but not bad for simple searches: [site]; an Urdu-to-English one, ditto: [site]

==The Urdu counterpart of the OED, in 22 vol.s: [site]

-- HINDI/URDU index page -- FWP's main page --