C. M. NAIM'S TEACHING MATERIALS

Selected topics chosen, arranged, and supplemented by FWP
and dedicated to my own students and to Naim, my teacher

Source: C. M. Naim, *Introductory Urdu, Volume 1* (Chicago: South Asia Language & Area Center University of Chicago; third revised edition, 1999 [1963]). SEE ALSO Naim's other teaching materials, which are sequels to this: *Introductory Urdu, Volume 2*; and *Readings in Urdu: prose and poetry* (Honolulu: East-West Center Press, 1965). All three volumes are online through DSAL.

[FAMOUS WORDS from Naim to his students: "Stop apologizing, start where you are, and learn more! That's all anybody can ever do!"]

URDU SCRIPT: pp.15-54.
==Supplement by FWP: *My favorite overview script chart* (based on one made c. 1970 by Moazzam Siddiqi); *a very large scan, for easy printing*

== A *large-format PDF of vol. 1 for easy study*

Lesson 1: be series, alif, va'o, bari ye, chhoti ye
Lesson 2: combining these letters into syllables
Lesson 3: dal series (except zal); re series; chhoti he; nun-e ghunnah
Lesson 4: jim series; kaf, gaf; lam, mim
Lesson 5: sin, shin; fe, qaf; ghain; do-chashmi he
Lesson 6: short vowels; hamzah
Lesson 7: all the "duplicate sound" letters: se; bari he; zal; svad, zvad; to'e, zo'e; 'ain
Lesson 8: full alphabet, diacritics, spelling conventions;
    numbers; dates; days of the week;
    the Arabic al; tanvin; izafat;
    *excellent review chart* (I always xeroxed this onto the back of my overview script chart.); *a very large scan of it*
==A good overview of the script and its subtleties by Mohammed Zakir, 1973.
==For advanced students only: a *handbook on shikastah* and other difficult script styles

==Supplement by FWP: discussion of the script and some grammar points and so on, including the chronogram (abjad) system.

(==See also, in the Great Glossary Fair, the materials provided by Richard Delacy and Pasha Mohamad Khan.)

PERSO-ARABIC ELEMENTS: pp.174-185, items 227-250.

al- : pp.174-175, topic 228; the Arabic al (script).
tanvin: pp.175-176, topic 229; tanvin (script).
Arabic three-letter roots: pp.176-177, topics 230-231.
Arabic nouns: pp.177-182, topics 232-239.
izafats: pp.182-183, topic 240; izafats (script).
Persian forms: pp.183-184, topics 241-243.
Persian suffixes: pp.184-185, topics 244-250.
polite language: pp.185-190, topics 252-260.

(M. A. R. Barker, in vol. 2 of A Course in Urdu (1967), offers a very comprehensive account of the Persian elements and Arabic elements used in Urdu.)
(For advanced students only: a small handbook of Persian verbs from an Urduized perspective.)

 
NAIM EXPLAINS SOME BASIC URDU/HINDI 
GRAMMATICAL FORMS
noun grammar: pp.58-62, topics 9-18.
vala: pp.62-63, topics 19-20.
pronouns: pp.63-66, topics 21-29.
adjectives: pp.66-69, topics 30-34.
numbers: pp.69-71, topics 35-39.
demonstrative pronouns: pp.71-72, topics 40-41.
possessive pronouns: pp.72-73, topic 42.
apna: pp.73-74, topic 43.
ka/ke/ki: p.74, topics 44-45.
pronominal adjectives: p.74, topic 46.
interrogative pronominal adjectives (kya, etc.): pp.75-80, topics 49-60.
relative pronouns: pp.80-85, topics 61-71.
ko'i and kuchh: pp.85-86, topic 72.
sa/se/si: pp.87-89, topics 75-81.
comparative/superlative: pp.90-92, topics 83-84.
verbs: pp.92-93, topics 85-87.
subjunctives: p.93, topic 88; ata ho, p.106, topic 115.
futures: pp.93-94, topic 89.
imperatives: pp.94-96 , topics 90-95.
-kar: pp.96-97, topic 97.
imperfect/present participles: pp.97-99, topics 98-99; pp.100-103, topics 101-107.
hona as auxiliary: pp.99-100, topic 100.
contrafactuals: p.104, topic 110; tum khelte hote, p.107, topic 117; agar tum gaye hote, p.125, topic 150; with agar: pp.169-170, topic 221.
presumptives: ata hoga, p.107, topic 116.
perfect/past participles: pp.108-110, topics 119-123.
adverbial/unrestrictive participles: pp.112-115, topics 127-134.
ne and non-ne verbs: p.110, topic 124; ne verbs: pp.120-123, topics 141-144.
compound verbs: pp.132-136, topics 161-168.
chukna: p.136, topic 169.
sakna: p.137, topic 172.
pana: p.138, topic 173.
lagna: p.139, topic 175; pp.172-173, topic 225.
dena: pp.139-140, topic 176.
rahna: p.141, topic 179.
jana: pp.141-142, topic 180.
weird karna form: p.142, topic 181.
passives: pp.143-145, topics 184-186.
chahna: pp. 145-147, topic 189.
chahiye etc.: pp. 147-150, topics 190-192.
possession: p.150, topic 193.
verbal agreement: pp.151-152, topics 195-196.
direct discourse: p.153, topic 197.
adverbs: pp.154-157, topic 198-202.
postpositions: pp.157-160, topics 203-209.
particles: p.160, topic 210.
kih: pp.163-165, topic 214.
aur: p.167, topic 217.
rhetorical questions: pp.167-168, topic 217.
word order: pp.168-169, topic 219.
conditional sentences: pp.169-172, topics 220-223.
relative clauses: p.172, topic 224.
parna: pp.173-174, topic 226.
 
OR, if you'd like to look things up in Naim's own 
INDEX TO THE GRAMMAR...
"-aah" to "exclamatory sentences" -- p.191.
"farmaanaa" to "'neutral' imperative" -- p.192.
"neutral verbs" to "tanwiin" -- p.193.
"thooRaa" to "zyaadaa" -- p.194.
topics 1-5, p.57.
topics 6-9, p.58.
topics 10-12, p.59.
topics 13-16, p.60.
topics 17-18, p.61.
topic 19, p.62.
topics 20-22, p.63.
topics 23-26, p.64.
topic 27, p.65.
topics 28-30, p.66.

topic 31, p.67.
topics 32-33, p.68.
topics 34-35, p.69.
topics 36-37, p.70.
topics 38-40, p.71.
topics 41-42, p.72.
topic 43, p.73.
topics 44-47, p.74.
topics 48-50, p.75.
topics 51-52, p.76.

topics 53-55, p.77.
topics 56-57, p.78.
topics 58-60, p.79.
topic 61, p.80.
topics 62-65, p.81.
topics 66-67, p.82.
topics 68-69, p.83.
topic 70, p.84.
topics 71-72, p.85.
topics 73-74, p.86.

topics 75-76, p.87.
topics 77-80, p.88.
topics 81-82, p.89.
topic 83, p.90.
topic 84, p.91.
topics 85-86, p.92.
topics 87-89, p.93.
topics 90-92, p.94.
topics 93-95, p.95.
topics 96-97, p.96.

topic 98, p.97.
topic 99, p.98.
topic 100, p.99.
topics 101-102, p.100.
topics 103-105, p.101.
topics 106-107, p.102.
topics 108-109, p.103.
topic 110, p.104.
topics 111-112, p.105.
topics 113-115, p.106.

topics 116-117, p.107.
topics 118-120,p.108.
topics 121-123, p.109.
topic 124, p.110.
topics 125-126,p.111.
topic 127, p.112.
topics 128-130, p.113.
topics 131-132, p.114.
topics 133-134, p.115.
topics 135-136, p.116.

topics 137-138, p.117.
topic 139, p.118.
topic 140, p.119.
topic 141, p.120.
topic 142, p.121.
topics 143-144, p.122.
topic 145, p.123.
topics 146-148, p.124.
topics 149-150, p.125.
topics 151-153, p.126.

topics 154-155, p.127.
topic 156, p.128.
topic 157, p.129.
topic 158, p.130.
topics 159-160, p.131.
topics 161-162, p.132.
topic 163, p.133.
topics 164-165, p.134.
topics 166-168, p.135.
topics 169-171, p.136.


topic 172, p.137.
topic 173, p.138.
topics 174-176, p.139.
topics 177-178, p.140.
topics 179-180, p.141.
topics 181-182, p.142.
topics 183-184, p.143.
topics 185-186, p.144.
topics 187-189, p.145.
topic 190, p.147.

topic 191, p.148.
topic 192, p.149.
topic 193, p.150.
topics 194-195, p.151.
topic 196, p.152.
topics 197-198, p.153.
topic 199, p.154.
topics 200-201, p.155.
topic 202, p.156.
topics 203-204, p.157.

topic 205, p.158.
topics 206-208, p.159.
topics 209-210, p.160.
topic 211, p.161.
topic 212, p.162.
topics 213-214, p.163.
topic 215, p.165.
topic 216, p.166.
topics 217-218, p.167.
topic 219, p.168.

topics 220-221, p.169.
topic 222, p.170.
topic 223, p.171.
topics 224-225, p.172.
topic 226, p.173.
topic 227-228, p.174.
topic 229, p.175.
topics 230-231, p.176.
topic 232, p.177.
topics 233-234, p.178.
 


topics 235-236, p.179.
topic 237, p.180.
topics 238-239, p.181.
topic 240, p.182.
topics 241-243, p.183.
topics 244-247, p.184.
topics 248-252, p.185.
topics 253-254, p.186.
topics 255-257, p.187.
topic 258, p.188.

topics 259-260, p.189.


 
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