| Part I. The Sociology of Social Movements: From Pathology to Strategy
Week One. Introduction.
Week Two. Dominant perspectives: Strategy and Organization.
- John McCarthy and Mayer N. Zald, "Resource Mobilization and Social
Movements: A Partial theory." American Journal of Sociology
82 (1977): 1212-1241. (Online).
- Steven Barkan, "Strategic, Tactical, and Organizational Dilemmas
of the Protest Movement against Nuclear Power," Social Problems
27 (1979): 19-37. (Packet).
- Gary Downey, "Ideology and the Clamshell Identity: Organizational
Dilemmas in the Anti-Nuclear Power Movement," Social Problems
33 (1986): 357-371. (Packet).
- J. Craig Jenkins and Charles Perrow, “Insurgency of the Powerless:
Farm Worker Movements (1946-1972), American Sociological Review 42(1977):
- Marshall Ganz, “Resources and Resourcefulness: Strategic Capacity
in the Unionization of California Agriculture, 1959-1966,” American
Journal of Sociology 105 (2000): 1003-1062.
- John Lofland, Social Movement Organizations
- Doug McAdam, John D. McCarthy, and Mayer N. Zald, eds. Comparative
Perspectives on Social Movements (1996)
- Sidney Tarrow, Power in Movement (1998).
Week Three. Decisionmaking: Uncertainty and familiarity
- Sherryl Kleinman, Opposing Ambitions. (Labyrinth).
- James G. March, "Theories of Choice and Making Decisions,"
Society, Nov/Dec, 1982. (Packet).
- Frank Dobbin "Cultural Models of Organization: The Social Construction
of Rational Organizing Principles," in The Sociology of Culture,
edited by Diana Crane. (Packet).
- Paul DiMaggio and Walter W. Powell, "The Iron Cage Revisited:
Institutional Isomorphism and Collective Rationality in Organizational
Fields," American Sociological Review 48:147-60.
- James M. Jasper, "Tastes in Tactics," in The Art of Moral
- Francesca Polletta and James M. Jasper, "Collective Identity
and Social Movements," Annual Review of Sociology 38 (2001)
Week Four: Political structure and movement strategy
- William Gamson, The Strategy of Social Protest, chs. 2,3,6,7.
- Herbert Kitschelt, "Political Opportunity Structures and Political
Protest: Antinuclear Movements in Four Democracies," British
Journal of Political Science 16(1986): 57-85.(Packet)
- Edwin Amenta, Drew Halfmann, and Michael P. Young, "The Strategies
and Contexts of Social Protest: Political Mediation and the Impact of
the Townsend Movement in California," Mobilization 4 (1999):1-23.
- Doug McAdam, "Tactical Innovation and the Pace of Insurgency,"
American Sociological Review 48 (1983): 735-54.
Week Five. Strategic repertoires
- Charles Tilly, "Contentious Repertoires in Great Britain, 1758-1834,"
in Mark Traugott, ed., Repertoires and Cycles of Collective Action
- Elisabeth Clemens, "Organizational Repertoires and Institutional
Change: Women's Groups and the Transformation of U.S. Politics, 1890-1920,"
American Journal of Sociology 98 (1993): 755-798. (Online).
- Julian Groves, "Animal Rights and the Politics of Emotion: Folk
Constructs of Emotion in the Animal Rights Movement," in Goodwin,
Jasper, and Polletta, Passionate Politics (2001). (Packet).
- Theda Skocpol, "Associations Without Members," American
Prospect 45 (July-August 1999): 66-73 (Packet).
- Elisabeth Clemens, "Organizational Form as Frame" in Comparative
Perspectives on Social Movements, edited by Doug McAdam, John D.
McCarthy, and Mayer N. Zald.
- Michael P. Hanagan, et. al. eds., Challenging Authority (1998).
Part II. Organizational
Week Six: Organization
- Robert Michels, Political Parties. (Packet).
- Frances Fox Piven and Richard Cloward, Poor People's Movements:
Why They Succeed: How They Fail. (Packet).
- Donald B. Rosenthal, "Who `Owns' AIDS Service Organizations?
Governance Accountability in Non-Profit Organizations," Polity
29 (1996): 97-118. (Packet).
- Suzanne Staggenborg, "The Consequences of Professionalization
and Formalization in the Pro-Choice Movement," American Sociological
Review 53 (1988): 585-606. (Online)
- J. Craig Jenkins, "Nonprofit Organizations and Policy Advocacy."
In The Non-Profit Sector, edited by Walter K. Powell.
- Debra Minkoff, "The Organization of Survival." Social
Forces 71(1993): 887-908.
- Roy Cain, "Community-Based AIDS Services: Formalization and Depoliticization,
International Journal of Health Services 23 (1993): 665-684.
- Nancy Matthews, "Feminist Clashes with the State: Tactical Choices
by State-Funded Rape Crisis Centers" in Myra Marx Ferree and Patricia
Yancey Martin, eds., Feminist Organizations: Harvest of the New Women’s
Week Seven. Organization
- Wini Breines, "Politics as Community," in Community
and Organization in the New Left. (Packet).
- Jo Freeman, "The Tyranny of Structurelessness," in Radical
Feminism, edited by Ann Koedt, Ellen Levine, and Anita Rapone. (Packet).
- Paul Lichterman, The Search for Political Community: American Activists
Reinventing Commitment, chs. 2, 4, 6. (Labyrinth).
- Francesca Polletta, Freedom Is an Endless Meeting: Democracy in
American Social Movements, chs. 1, 6, 7. (Online -- will post to
- Suzanne Staggenborg, "Stability and Innovation in the Women’s
Movement: A Comparison of Two Movement Organizations," Social
Problems 36 (1989): 75-92
- Jane Mansbridge, Beyond Adversary Democracy.
- Joyce Rothschild-Whitt, "Conditions Facilitating Participatory-Democratic
Organizations," Sociological Inquiry 46 (1976): 75-86.
- Rebecca Bordt, The Structure of Women’s Nonprofit Organizations.
- Joan Cassell. A Group Called Women: Sisterhood and Symbolism in
the Feminist Movement.
- Barbara Epstein. Political Protest and Cultural Revolution
- Gastil, John. Democracy in Small Groups: Participation, Decision
Making and Communication
- Iannello, Kathleen P. Decisions Without Hierarchy: Feminist Interventions
in Organization Theory and Practice.
Week Eight: Claimmaking
- David A. Snow and Robert D. Benford, "Ideology, Frame Resonance,
and Participant Mobilization," International Social Movement
Research 1 (1988): 197-217
- Doug McAdam, Sidney Tarrow, and Charles Tilly, Dynamics of Contention,
chs. 1, 5, 6. (Packet)
- Marc Steinberg, "The Talk and Back Talk of Collective Action,"
American Journal of Sociology 105 (1999): 736-80. (Online).
- James M. Jasper, "Culture and Strategy: States, Audiences, and
Success," in The Art of Moral Protest. (Packet).
Part III. Strategizing.
NOTE: The following is subject to change depending on the interests of
Week Nine: Media
- Todd Gitlin, The Whole World is Watching, Introduction, chs.
- Naomi Klein, "The Vision Thing," The Nation, July
10, 2000. (Online: http://past.thenation.com/issue/000710/0710klein.shtml).
- Walter Kirn, "The New Radicals," Time, April 24,
- Look at http://www.indymedia.org
- Jackie Smith et al., "From Protest to Agenda Building: Description
Bias in Media Coverage of Protest Events in Washington, D.C.,"
Social Forces 79 (2001): 1397-1423.
- Charlotte Ryan, Prime Time Activism (1991)
- William Gamson and Antonio Modigliani, "Media Discourse and Public
Opinion on Nuclear Power," American Journal of Sociology
95 (1989): 1-37.
- Shanto Iyengar. Is Anyone Responsible?: How Television Frames Political
- Richard B. Kielbowitz and Clifford Scherer, "The Role of the
Press in the Dynamics of Social Movements," Research in Social
Movements, Conflicts, and Change 9 (1986): 71-96.
Week Ten: Rights Talk
- Peter Gabel, "The Phenomenology of Right-Consciousness and the
Pact of the Withdrawn Selves," Texas Law Review 62(1984):
- Patricia J. Williams, "Alchemical Notes: Reconstructing Ideals
from Deconstructed Rights." (Packet).
- Michael McCann, Rights At Work, chs. 1, 2, 3, 6, 7, 8 (Labyrinth).
- Paul Burstein, "Legal Mobilization as a Social Movement Tactic:
The Struggle for Equal Employment Opportunity," American Journal
of Sociology 96 (1991): 1201-25.
- Alan Hunt, Explorations in Law and Society: Toward a Constitutive
Theory of Law. (New York: Routledge, 1993).
- Mark Kelman A Guide to Critical Legal Studies (Cambridge:
Harvard Univ. Press, 1987)
- Mark Kessler, "Legal Mobilization for Social Reform: Power
and the Politics of Agenda Setting," Law and Society Rev. 24
- Francesca Polletta, "The Structural Context of Novel Rights Claims:
Rights Innovation in the Southern Civil Rights Movement, 1961-1966."
Law and Society Review 34 (2000): 367-406.
- Elizabeth Schneider, "The Dialectic of Rights and Politics:
Perspectives from the Women's Rights Movement," New York Univ.
Law Rev. 61(1986): 589-652.
Week Eleven: Transnational Activism
- Margaret Keck and Katherine Sikkink, Activists Beyond Borders,
chs. 1, 2, and 6, and either 3, 4, or 5.
NOTE: Alternative topics for the previous section:
- Violence and repression; emotions and protest
- identity politics
- community organizing
- the internet and protest
- defeat and setbacks
- movement coalitions.
Week Twelve: Project presentations