K95 Dialer - The Location Definitions Notebook

Please refer to Using C-Kermit, Chapter 5, for a thorough explanation of Dialing locations and procedures.

The General Page

The current location is shown highlighted in the Location box. Change locations by using the dropdown list (click on the arrow, then click on the desired location). This is equivalent to using the Current option in the Locations menu.

To remove an entry . . .
Highlight the entry you want to remove in the Location field, then click on Remove.

To add a new entry . . .
Click Add. A box pops up in which you enter the name for the new entry:
Enter the name, click on OK, then fill in the information on the various notebook pages.

On the remainder of the General page, enter the information for the location you are dialing from: country code, area code, and so on, and specify the dialing method (tone or pulse), as shown in the screen shot above:

Country code
The numeric country code of the country you are dialing from, for example 1 for the USA and Canada (etc). These are listed in Table VIII-1 of Using C-Kermit.

Area code
The area or city code, if any, of the place you are dialing from within your country, for example 212 for Manhattan, New York City.

Any prefix which must always be used when dialing from this location (normally left blank, but might be used for call-waiting override).

Any suffix which must always be used when dialing from this location (normally left blank).

Maximum redials
The maximum number of times to automatically redial the number if it is busy. NOTE: Automatic redialing is prohibited by law in some countries, and the maximum number of redials might be restricted in others. Be careful not to violate local laws.

Redial interval
How many seconds to wait between automatic redial attempts. The minimum interval between automatic redial attempts might be specified by local law.

The number of seconds to wait for a call to be answered before declaring the call to be a failure.

Dialing method
Check Tone or Pulse, as appropriate. If you don't know, check Pulse.

Ignore Dial Tone
Check this box if your phone does not produce a dialtone recognized by your modem.

The Local Calls Page

Enter any Prefix or Suffix needed for local dialing. Normally, no prefix or suffix is needed, in which case you should leave these boxes blank.

The Area Codes box is for listing all the area codes to which calls from this location are local (meaning that the long-distance prefix is not used), but which must be dialed. In the North American dialing region, this is where you handle "ten digit dialing". Do not include your own area code in this list unless you must dial it (as is the case, for example, in the US state of Maryland). The format for this box is zero, one, or more area codes separated by spaces (not commas). An area code may also include an "exchange" in cases where it makes a difference.

The Force Long Distance box should be checked when local calls (that is, calls to your own area code, or to any of the other area codes listed in the Area Codes box on this page) must be dialed with the long-distance prefix. This is the case, for example, in France.

Hint: In most cases, this page can be left blank.

The Long Distance Calls Page

Here you simply fill in the long-distance dialing prefix -- the digit or digits you dial before dialing a long distance call. This can be a simple prefix like "1" in the USA or Canada (etc) or "0" in Germany or England (etc), or it might be an access code to a particular long-distance carrier (such as 1010-ATT translated to digits). It might even be an entire telephone number that you call in order reach your long-distance carrier (such as 1800CALLATT, translated to digits).

The long-distance suffix is normally left blank, but might be a calling-card number. If you need to enter a calling card number after the phone number, enter it as the long-distance suffix each time you use it, and then erase it before exiting from the Dialer. If you don't erase it, anybody will be able to walk up to your PC and find out what it is.

The International Calls Page

International dialing prefix, such as 011 in North America, or the access code for your international carrier. The suffix, if any, would typically be a calling card number.

The Toll-Free Calls Page

Here you list the area codes to which calls are toll-free, such as 800, 888, 877 (and soon 866) in North America, as well as the prefix for toll-free calls, such as 1 in North America. If you use the default long distance carrier, this is the same as your long-distance prefix, but if you use a special access code for long-distance toll calls, it might be different.

The PBX Systems Page

This is for locations served by a Private Branch Exchange (PBX), such as a big company or university, where there is a difference between inside and outside numbers. Usually inside numbers are dialed in a special short form, whereas outside numbers require an "outside line prefix".

PBX dialing is explained in detail in Chapter 5 of Using C-Kermit, pages 107-108.

Dialing from a PBX
Check this box if you are dialing out from a PBX (also known as PABX).

Enter the first several (usually three) digits of your local phone number, as seen from outside the PBX; the leading digits that all phone numbers on the same PBX have in common. If K-95 recognizes a phone number as being in the same country, same area code, and having the same exchange as your PBX exchange, then K-95 knows it's an internal call, and removes the exchange digits before dialing. For example, if your PBX exchage is "876", then "8765432" becomes "5432" when making an internal call.

Inside-call prefix
The digit or digits you must dial to indicate that you are making an inside call, i.e. a call from one PBX extension to another.

Outside-line prefix
This is the prefix you must dial to get an outside line when using your PBX, i.e. to reach the public telephone system.

Exporting Location Definitions

In the Dialer's main File menu, choose "Generate location script". This creates a file called LOCATION.KSC in Kermit 95's SCRIPTS subdirectory. The LOCATION.KSC file contains macro definitions for all your locations. The name of each macro is "location-xxx", where xxx is the name of the location. To load these definitions into Kermit 95, type TAKE LOCATION.KSC. Then to execute any of these macros from the K-95> prompt, just type its name, e.g. "location-myoffice". The LOCATION.KSC file is portable and may be used with other C-Kermit implementations.

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