Globalization in History

HIST W3956, Spring 2006, MW 5:40-6:55

Prof. Adam McKeown, x49121, amm2009@columbia.edu

Office Hours, M 2-4 and by appointment, Fayerweather 516

TA: Sam White: saw2105@columbia.edu

Midterm Questions

Final Questions

Suggested books for final critique.

  

Schedule:

W: Jan 18:

Introduction:

Timeline of Universal History

Cycles of Globalization

Readings:

David Christian, "World History in Context," Journal of World History 14, no. 4. (2003): 437-458. (Download via CLIO)

 

M: Jan. 23

Eurasian Interactions, 1350-1750

Notes (with links to more maps and pictures)

World Population, 500 BCE-2000

World Population by regions, 1650-2000

Old Maps: Aztec, European 1109, Islamic 1109, Chinese 1402, Genovese 1457, Ptolemy 1482, Japan 1645, Korean 18c.

W: Jan 25

What is Capitalism? What is the Market?

Readings:

Marks, Origins of the Modern World, ch. 1-3.

Recommended,

C.A. Bayly, The Birth of the Modern World (Blackwell, 2004)

Dennis Flynn and Arturo Giráldez, "Cycles of Silver: Global Economic Unity through the Mid-Eighteenth Century." Journal of World History 13/2 (2002): 391-428.

 

M: Jan 30

The Columbian Exchange

Corn and Teosinte

W: Feb 1

Trade Diasporas and Joint Stock Companies: Early Transnationals?

Tribute to Akbar, British Resident

Map of British and Mughals in India

Readings:

C.A. Bayly, "From Archaic Globalization to International Networks."

Ken Pomeranz, "Two Worlds of Trade, Two Worlds of Empire."

Pomeranz and Topik, The World that Trade Created, 28-43.

Janice Thomson, Mercenaries, Pirates and Sovereigns, 32-41.

Recommended,

Alfred Crosby, Columbian Exchange

____, Ecological Imperialism

Philip Curtin, Cross-Cultural Trade in World History

Jarod Diamond, Guns, Germs and Steel: The Fates of Human Societies

Andre Gunder Frank, ReOrient: Global Economy in the Asian Age

John Richards, Unending Frontier: Environmental History of the Early Modern World

 

M: Feb 6

Pirates and Smuggling

W: Feb 8

Drugs

Exotic Drinks of the World, 1685

Readings

Janice Thomson, Mercenaries, Pirates and Sovereigns, 107-18, 143-49.

Letters exchanged between King George III and the Qianlong Emperor.

Letter from Lin Tse-hsu to Queen Victoria.

David Starkey, "Pirates and Markets."

Thomas Gallant, "Brigandage, Piracy, Capitalism, and State-Formation."

Jordan Goodman, "Excitiana: Or, How Enlightenment Europe took to Soft Drugs."

 Recommended,

David Courtwright, Forces of Habit: Drugs and the Making of the Modern World

Sydney Mintz, Sweetness and Power: The Place of Sugar in Modern History

C.R. Pennell, ed. Bandits at Sea: A Pirates Reader

Cark Trocki, Opium, Empire and the Global Political Economy

 

M: Feb 13

Capitalism and Slavery

Map of slave trade

Caribbean sugar plantation, 1667

W: Feb 15

When Did Globalization Begin?

Chart: World History 1770-1840

Readings

Kevin O’Rourke and Jeffrey Williamson, "When Did Globalization Begin?"

Dennis Flynn and Arturo Giráldez, "Path Dependence and the Birth of Globalization."

O’Rourke and Williamson, "Once More: When Did Globalization Begin?"

Flynn and Giráldez, "Born Again: Globalization’s Sixteenth-Century Origins"

 

M: Feb 20

The Industrial Revolution

Diagram: Snowballing Industrialization

W: Feb 22

Organization and Infrastructure

International Organizations

Tariff Charts: Gobal Average, Regional Trends

Readings:

Marks, Origins of the Modern World, ch. 4.

Giovanni Arrighi, "The Global Market," 217-30.

Paul Bairoch, Economics and World History, 80-87.

Pomeranz and Topik, The World that Trade Created, 136-40, 214-35.

Recommended:

Jack Goldstone, "Efflorescences and Economic Growth in World History." Journal of World History 13/2 (2002): 323-91.

 

M: Feb 27

Global Migration

How and why of migration

W: March 1

The Birth of Political Economy

Readings:

David Ricardo on Comparative Advantage.

Richard Cobden, "Speech at Bradford."

Friedrich List, The National System of Political Economy, 107-32, 163-73, 365-71.

Marx & Engels, Communist Manifesto, ch. 1.

Recommended:

Adam McKeown, "Global Migrations, 1846-1940." Journal of World History 15.2 (2004): 155-89.

 

Fri, March 3. MID-TERM EXAM DUE at NOON

 

M: March 6

International Law and the Standard of Civilization

Civilization and Culture

W: March 8

To Civilize?

Readings:

L. Oppenheim, International Law, 8-18, 30-34.

Theodore Roosevelt, "Expansion and Peace."

Fukuzawa Yukichi, "Outline of a Theory of Civilization," and "Good-Bye Asia."

Mohandas Gandhi, Hind Swaraj, selections.

Recommended:

C. Henry Alexandrowicz, An Introduction to the History of the Law of Nations in the East Indies.

Anthony Anghie, Imperialism, Soverignty and the Making of International Law.

Gerrit Gong, The Standard of "Civilization" in International Relations.

 

SPRING BREAK

 

M: March 20

Empire

Wars

Millenarianism

Maps: Colonial Africa, Colonial Asia, British Empire, African Railroads

Images: African Icons, Victorian Races, Liberating Cuba

W: March 22

Measuring the Great Divergence

Readings:

Marks, Origins of the Modern World, ch. 5.

Lenin, Imperialism: The Highest Stage of Capitalism, 16-31, 69-75.

Paul Bairoch, Economics and World History, 72-9, 88-97.

Angus Maddison, The World Economy, 44-7, plus comparative charts.

D.K. Fieldhouse, Economics and Empire, 459-77.

Recommended

Mike Davis, Late Victorian Holocausts: El Niño Famines and the Making of the Third World.

Michael Geyer and Charles Bright, "Global Violence and Nationalizaing Wars in Eurasia and America: The Geopolitics of War in the Mid-Nineteenth Century." Comparative Studies in Society and History 38 (1996): 619-57.

 

 

M: March 27

From WWI to Bretton Woods I: Socio-Political History

Wilson’s 14 Points

1919

Communism

W: March 29

From WWI to Bretton Woods II: Economic History

Bretton Woods System

Trade Globalization according to Chase-Dunn and Maddison

Establishment of International NGOs, 1875-1975

Real Wages in Asia and Latin America 1820-1939

Destination of European Exports 1860-1996

Regional Proportions of World Trade, 1878-1937

Non-Westen Propoportions of Primary and Manufacture Trades, 1878-1937

Readings:

Max Millikan and W.W. Rostow, A Proposal: Key to an Effective Policy, 1-8, 33-42.

W.W. Rostow, The Stages of Economic Growth, 4-16.

Alvin So, Social Change and Development, 38-59.

James O’Connell, "The Concept of Modernization."

Giovanni Arrighi, "The Global Market," 231-47.

Recommended:

Christopher Chase-Dunn, Yukio Kawano and Benjamin Brewer, "Globalization since 1795: Waves of Integration in the World-System." American Sociological Review 65.1 (2000): 77-95.

 

 

M: April 3

Modernization Theory

W: April 5

Dependency and World-Systems Theory

Readings

Peter Taylor, Political Geography, 10-29, 113-43.

Kwame Nkrumah, Neo-Colonialism: The Last Stage of Imperialism, ix-xix, 239-59.

Immanuel Wallerstein, "The Ideological Tensions of Capitalism: Universalism vs. Racism and Sexism."

Recommended:

Andre Gunder Frank, "The Development of Underdevelopment." Monthly Review 18 (1966): 17-31.

Immanuel Wallerstein, The Essential Wallerstein. New Press, 2000.

 

M: April 10

Three Worlds?

W: April 12

Development and Its Discontents

Charts: World Trade, 1950-2000, Growth of World Trade, Foreign Aid, 1970-2004, US Imports and Exports

Regional GDP Growth Rates, 1960s-90s, GDP Growth Rates (long trend version)

Readings:

Timothy Mitchell, "Economics: Economists and the Economy in the Twentieth Century."

Edward Shils, "End of Ideology?"

Kwame Nkrumah, "The Myth of the ‘Third World’"

Timothy Mitchell, "The Object of Development: America’s Egypt."

Nanda Shrestha, "Becoming a Development Category."

Recommended:

D.K. Fieldhouse, The West and the Third World. (Blackwell, 1999)

Odd Arne Westad, The Global Cold War: Third World Interventions and the Making of Our Times (2005).

 

M: April 17

1973

Definitions of Globalization

W: April 19

Measuring Global Inequality since the 1940s.

Charts: Global Percentile Distribution of Income, Unicef Inequality Calculation; U.S. Distribution of Wealth, People under $1

Readings:

World Bank Research Policy Report, Globalization, Growth and Poverty, 1-51.

Branko Milanovic, "The Two Faces of Globalization," and "Worlds Apart."

Paul Cammack, "The Governance of Global Capitalism."

Recommended:

Charles Bright and Michael Geyer, "Regimes of World Order." In Jerry Bentley, Renate Bridenthal and Anand Yang, eds., Interactions: Transregional Perspectives on World History (U. Hawai’I Press, 20005).

 

M: April 24

Global Capitalism: Flexible, Regulatory or Uncontrolled?

Recent Trends in Globalization

Trade Distribution Charts: World, US, Europe, Japan

Foreign Direct Investment Charts: Origins, Destinations

Foreign Reserves, 1949-2001

Wars, 1945-2005

W: April 26

Globalization and Environment

20th Century Enviromental Indicators, Commodity Prices, 1970-2005, Oil Consumption, Meat Consumption

Readings:

Stephen Krasner, "Globalization and Sovereignty."

Robert Kaplan, "The Coming Anarchy."

Ann-Marie Slaughter, "The Real New World Order."

Rio Declaration on Environment and Development.

Wolfgang Sachs, "Globalization and Sustainability."

Paul Wapner, "Greenpeace and Political Globalism."

Recommended:

Cato Institute, "10 Myths about Financial Derivatives"

Richard Duncan, The Dollar Crisis: Causes, Consequences and Cure

Edward LiPuma and Benjamin Lee, Financial Derivatives and the Globalization of Risk.

J.R. McNeill, Something New Under the Sun: An Environmental History of the Twentieth Century World (2000).

 

M: May 1

Does Globalization Have a History? So What If It Does?

 

Mon., May 8. FINAL EXAM and BOOK CRITIQUE DUE, NOON

FINAL EXAM