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The NPI-16 is a short measure
of subclinical narcissism that has shown meaningful face, internal, discriminant, and predictive validity. It can serve as an
alternative measure of narcissism when situations do not allow
the use of longer inventories.
Ames, Daniel R., Rose, Paul, and Anderson, Cameron P. (2006). The NPI-16 as a short measure of narcissism.
Journal of Research in Personality,
Download the paper:
Ames, Rose, and Anderson (2006)
Download the scale and scoring
The NPI-16 draws its items from
Raskin and Terry's NPI-40:
Raskin, R., & Terry, H. (1988).
A principal-components analysis of the Narcissistic
Personality Inventory and further evidence of its construct
validity. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 54,