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Research Articles

In press

  1. 55.Hultgren K.M., J.E. Duffy and D.R. Rubenstein. 2016. Sociality in snapping shrimp. In Comparative Social Evolution (Rubenstein D.R. and P. Abbot, eds.). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

  2. 54.Rubenstein D.R. 2015. Superb starlings: cooperation and conflict in an unpredictable environment. In Cooperative Breeding: Studies of Ecology, Evolution, and Behavior (Koenig W.D. and J.L. Dickinson, eds.). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

  3. 53.Chak T.C.S, D.R. Rubenstein and J.E. Duffy. 2015. Social control of reproduction and breeding monopolization in the eusocial snapping shrimp Synalpheus elizabethae. The American Naturalist.


  1. 52.Pollack L.J. and D.R. Rubenstein. 2015. The fitness consequences of kin-biased dispersal in a cooperatively breeding bird. Biology Letters 11:20150336.  PDF

  2. 51.Chak T.C.S., J.E. Duffy and D.R. Rubenstein. 2015. Reproductive skew drives patterns of sexual dimorphism in sponge-dwelling snapping shrimps. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B 282:20150342.  PDF

  3. 50.Apakupakul K. and D.R. Rubenstein. 2015. Bateman’s principle is reversed in a cooperatively breeding bird. Biology Letters 11:20150034.  PDF

  4. 49.Taborsky M., H.A. Hofmann, A.K. Beery, D.T. Blumstein, L.D. Hayes, E.A. Lacey, E.P. Martins, S.M. Phelps, N.G. Solomon and D.R. Rubenstein. 2015. Taxon matters: promoting integrative studies of social behavior. Trends in Neuroscience 38:189-191.  PDF

  5. 48.Weinman L.R., J. Solomon and D.R. Rubenstein. 2015. A comparison of single nucleotide polymorphism and microsatellite markers for analysis of parentage and kinship in a cooperatively breeding bird. Molecular Ecology Resources 15:502-511.  PDF

  6. 47.Botero C.A., F.J. Weissing, J. Wright and D.R. Rubenstein. 2015. Evolutionary tipping points in the capacity to adapt to environmental change. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 112:184-189.  PDF


  1. 46.Hofmann H.A., A.K. Beery, D.T. Blumstein, I.D. Couzin, R.L. Earley, L.D. Hayes, P.L. Hurd, E.A. Lacey, S.M. Phelps, N.G. Solomon, M. Taborsky, L.J. Young and D.R. Rubenstein. 2014. An evolutionary framework for studying mechanisms of social behavior. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 29:581-589.  PDF

  2. 45.Sun S.-J., D.R. Rubenstein, J.-N. Liu, M. Liu, B.-F. Chen, S.-F. Chan, W. Hwang, P.-S. Yang and S.-F. Shen. 2014. Climate-mediated cooperation promotes niche expansion in burying beetles. eLife 3:e02440.  PDF

  3. 44.Shen S.-F., E. Akçay and D.R. Rubenstein. 2014. Group size and social conflict in complex societies. The American Naturalist 183:301-310.  PDF


  1. 43.Keen S.C., C.D. Meliza and D.R. Rubenstein. 2013. Flight calls signal group and individual identity but not kinship in a cooperatively breeding bird. Behavioral Ecology 24:1279-1285.  PDF

  2. 42.Meliza C.D., S.C. Keen and D.R. Rubenstein. 2013. Pitch- and spectral-based dynamic time warping methods for comparing field recordings of harmonic avian vocalizations. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 134:1407-1415.  PDF

  3. 41.Seddon N., C.A. Botero, J.A. Tobias, P.O. Dunn, H. MacGregor, D.R. Rubenstein, A. Uy,  J.T. Weir, L.A. Whittingham and R.J. Safran. 2013. Sexual selection accelerates signal evolution during speciation in birds. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B 280:20131065.  PDF

  4. 40.Maia R. D.R. Rubenstein and M.D. Shawkey. 2013. Key ornamental innovations facilitate diversification in an avian radiation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 110:10687-10692.  PDF

  5. 39.Mark M.M. and D.R. Rubenstein. 2013. Physiological costs and carry-over effects of avian interspecific brood parasitism influence reproductive tradeoffs. Hormones and Behavior 63:717-722.  PDF

  6. 38.Pilowsky J.A. and D.R. Rubenstein. 2013. Social context and the lack of sexual dimorphism in song in an avian cooperative breeder. Animal Behaviour 85:709-714.  PDF

  7. 37.Rubenstein D.I. and D.R. Rubenstein. 2013. Social behavior. In Encyclopedia of Biodiversity, 2nd Edition (Levin, S.A., ed.). Elsevier, Volume 6, pp. 571-579.  PDF

  8. 36.Duffy J.E., K.S. Macdonald, K.M. Hultgren, T.C.S. Chak and D.R. Rubenstein. 2013. Decline and extinction of Caribbean eusocial shrimp. PLOS ONE 8:e54637.  PDF

  9. 35.Creel S., B. Danzter, W. Goymann and D.R. Rubenstein. 2013. The ecology of stress: effects of the social environment. Functional Ecology 27:66-80.  PDF


  1. 34.Rubenstein D.R. 2012. Family feuds: social competition and sexual conflict in complex societies. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 367:2304-2313.  PDF  | COVER

  2. 33.Rubenstein D.R. 2012. Sexual and social competition: broadening perspectives by defining females roles. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 367:2248-2252.  PDF

  3. 32.Lovette I.J., B.S. Arbogast, R.L. Curry, R.M. Zink, C.A. Botero, J.P. Sullivan, A.L. Talaba, R.B. Harris, D.R. Rubenstein, R.E. Ricklefs and E. Bermingham. 2012. Phylogenetic relationships of the mockingbirds and thrashers (Aves: Mimidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 63:219-229.  PDF

  4. 31.Botero C.A. and D.R. Rubenstein. 2012. Fluctuating environments, sexual selection and the evolution of flexible mate choice in birds. PLOS ONE 7:e32311.  PDF


  1. 30.Rubenstein D.R. 2011. Spatiotemporal environmental variation, risk aversion and the evolution of cooperative breeding as a bet-hedging strategy. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 108:10816-10822PDF

  2. 29.Jetz W.* and D.R. Rubenstein*. 2011. Environmental uncertainty and the global biogeography of cooperative breeding in birds. Current Biology 21:72-78.  *contributed equally  PDF


  1. 28.Rubenstein D.R. and J.A. Kealey. 2010. Cooperation, conflict, and the evolution of complex animal societies. Nature Education Knowledge 1:47.  WEB

  2. 27.Blumstein D.T., L.A. Ebensperger, L.D. Hayes, R.A. Vásquez, T.H. Ahern, J.R. Burger, A.G. Dolezal, A. Dosmann, G. González-Mariscal, B.N. Harris, E.A. Herrera, E.A. Lacey, J. Mateo, L. McGraw, D. Olazabal, M. Ramenofsky, D.R. Rubenstein, S.A. Sakhai, W. Saltzman, C. Sainz-Borgo, M. Soto-Gamboa, M.L. Stewart, T.W. Wey, J.C. Wingfield and L.J. Young. 2010. Towards an integrative understanding of social behavior: new models and new opportunities. Frontiers in Neuroscience 4:1-9.  PDF 


  1. 26.Rubenstein D.R. and I.J. Lovette. 2009. Reproductive skew and selection on female ornamentation in social species. Nature 462: 786-789.  PDF  

  2. 25.Rubenstein D.R. and S.-F. Shen. 2009. Reproductive conflict and the costs of social status in cooperatively breeding vertebrates. The American Naturalist 173:650-661.  PDF  


  1. 24.Rubenstein D.R. and M.E. Hauber. 2008. Dynamic feedback between phenotype and physiology in sexually selected traits. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 23:655-658.  PDF

  2. 23.Rubenstein D.R., A.F. Parlow, C.R. Hutch and L.B. Martin. 2008. Environmental and hormonal correlates of immune activity in a cooperatively breeding tropical bird. General and Comparative Endocrinology 159:10-15.  PDF

  3. 22.Vitousek M.N., K. Nelson, D.R. Rubenstein and M. Wikelski. 2008. Are hotshots always hot? A longitudinal study of hormones, behavior, and reproductive success in male marine iguanas. General and Comparative Endocrinology 157:227-232.   PDF

  4. 21.Lovette I.J., B.V. McCleery, A.L. Talba and D.R. Rubenstein. 2008. A complete species-level molecular phylogeny for the “Eurasian” starlings (Sturnidae: Sturnus, Acridotheres, and allies): recent diversification in a highly social and dispersive avian group. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 47:251-260.  PDF

  5. 20.Rubenstein D.R., B.V. McCleery and J.E. Duffy. 2008. Microsatellite development suggests evidence of polyploidy in the social sponge-dwelling snapping shrimp Zuzalpheus brooksi. Molecular Ecology Resources 8:890-894.  PDF

  6. 19.Martin L.B. and D.R. Rubenstein. 2008. Stress hormones in tropical birds: patterns and future directions. Ornitologia Neotropical 19 (Suppl.):207-218.  PDF 


  1. 18.Rubenstein D.R. and I.J. Lovette. 2007. Temporal environmental variability drives the evolution of cooperative breeding in birds. Current Biology 17:1414-1419.  PDF

  2. 17.Rubenstein D.R. 2007. Territory quality drives intraspecific patterns in extrapair paternity. Behavioral Ecology 18:1058-1064.  PDF

  3. 16.Rubenstein D.R. 2007. Female extrapair mate choice in a cooperative breeder: trading sex for help and increasing offspring heterozygosity. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B 274:1895-1903.  PDF

  4. 15.Rubenstein D.R. 2007. Temporal but not spatial environmental variation drives adaptive offspring sex allocation in a plural cooperative breeder. The American Naturalist 170:155-165.  PDF

  5. 14.Lovette I.J. and D.R. Rubenstein. 2007. A comprehensive molecular phylogeny of the starlings (Aves: Sturnidae) and mockingbirds (Aves: Mimidae): congruent mtDNA and nuclear trees for a cosmopolitan avian radiation. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 44:1031-1056.  PDF

  6. 13.Sachs J.L. and D.R. Rubenstein. 2007. The evolution of cooperative breeding; is there cheating? Behavioural Processes 76:13-137. PDF

  7. 12.Rubenstein D.R. 2007. Stress hormones and sociality: integrating social and environmental stressors. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B 274:967-975. PDF

  8. 11.Vitousek M.N., D.R. Rubenstein, and M. Wikelski. 2007. The evolution of foraging behavior in the Galápagos marine iguana: natural and sexual selection on body size drives ecological, morphological, and behavioral specialization. In Foraging Behavior in Lizards (Reilly S.M., D.B. Miles, and L.D. McBrayer, eds.). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp. 491-507.  PDF


  1. 10.Rubenstein D.R., D.I. Rubenstein, P.W. Sherman and T.A. Gavin. 2006. Pleistocene Park: does re-wilding North America represent sound conservation for the 21st century? Biological Conservation 132:232-238.  PDF

  2. 9.Lovette I.J., D.R. Rubenstein and W.N. Watetu. 2006. Provisioning of fledgling conspecifics by males of the brood-parasitic cuckoos Chrysococcyx klaas and C. caprius. The Wilson Journal of Ornithology 118:99-101.  PDF


  1. 8.Rubenstein D.R. 2005. Isolation and characterization of polymorphic microsatellite loci in the plural cooperatively breeding superb starling, Lamprotornis superbus. Molecular Ecology Notes 5:739-744.  PDF

  2. 7.Rubenstein D.R. and M. Wikelski. 2005. Steroid hormones and aggression in female Galápagos marine iguanas. Hormones and Behavior 48:329-341.  PDF

  3. 6.McRae S.B., S.T. Emlen, D.R. Rubenstein and S.M. Bogdanowicz. 2005. Polymorphic microsatellite loci in a plural breeder, the grey-capped social weaver (Pseudonigrita arnaudi), isolated with an improved enrichment protocol using fragment size-selection. Molecular Ecology Notes 5:16-20.  PDF


  1. 5.Royle J.A. and D.R. Rubenstein. 2004. The role of species abundance in determining breeding origins of migratory birds with stable isotopes. Ecological Applications 14:1780-1788.  PDF

  2. 4.Rubenstein D.R. and K.A. Hobson. 2004. From birds to butterflies: animal movement patterns and stable isotopes. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 19:256-263.  PDF


  1. 3.Rubenstein D.R. and M. Wikelski. 2003. Seasonal changes in food quality: a proximate cue for reproductive timing in marine iguanas. Ecology 84:3013-3023.  PDF


  1. 2.Rubenstein D.R., C.P. Chamberlain, R.T. Holmes, M.P. Ayres, J.R. Waldbauer, G.R. Graves and N.C. Tuross. 2002. Linking breeding and wintering ranges of a migratory songbird using stable isotopes. Science 295:1062-1065.  PDF


  1. 1.Rittschof D., J. Sarrica and D.R. Rubenstein. 1995. Shell dynamics and microhabitat selection by striped legged hermit crabs, Clibanarius vittatus (Bosc). Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 192:157-172.  PDF

Other Articles

  1. 13.Rubenstein D.R., H. Hofmann, E. Akçay, S. Alonzo, E. Archie, A. Beery, R. Calisi-Rodríguez, K. Carleton, B. Chow, J. Dubnau, C. Grozinger, E. Ketterson, A. Leifer, T. Linksvayer, M. MacManes, L. Martin, K. McGraw, L. McGraw, T. Mendelson, L. O'Connell, A. Ophir, L. Remage-Healey, S. Renn, T. Roth, J. Tung and S. Woolley. 2014. New frontiers for the integrative study of animal behavior. National Science Foundation White Paper.  WEB

  2. 12.Rubenstein D.R. 2012. The Flexible Phenotype: A Body-Centered Integration of Ecology, Physiology, and Behaviour (Book Review). The Quarterly Review of Biology 87:264.  PDF

  3. 11.Rubenstein D.R. and J.E. Duffy. 2012. Scientists at work: notes from the field in Belize. The New York Times July 18-27, 2012.  WEB

  4. 10.Rubenstein D.R. 2011. From the big city to the bush. Mpala Memos July:7.  PDF

  5. 9.Rubenstein D.R. 2010. Evolutionary Behavioral Ecology (Book Review). The Quarterly Review of Biology 85:504.  PDF

  6. 8.Rubenstein D.R. 2010. Scientists at work: notes from the field in Kenya. The New York Times July 12-28, 2010.  WEB

  7. 7.Rubenstein D.R. 2009. The secret lives of starlings. Natural History 118:28-33.  PDF

  8. 6.Rubenstein D.R. 2009. Why I do science: the freedom to explore. SEED 21:34.  PDF

  9. 5.Rubenstein D.R., P.W. Sherman, D.I. Rubenstein and T.M. Caro. 2007. Rewilding rebuttal. Scientific American October:12.  PDF

  10. 4.Rubenstein D.R. 2006. Searching for starlings. Travel News April:58.  PDF

  11. 3.Rubenstein D.R. 2006. Chasing starlings, chased by a lion. Living Bird 26:26-32.  PDF

  12. 2.Rubenstein D.R. 2005. The uncommon lifestyle of the superb starling. BirdScope 19:20.  PDF

  13. 1.Rubenstein D.R. 2001. The places you can go. Dartmouth Alumni Magazine May/June:24-25.  PDF


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