Further Thoughts about Netizens
[Note: All of the gopher.cic.net links have expired.
Where possible they have been replaced with other links.]
Community Networks allow citizens of a community to
connect to the global computer communications network. This
enables community members to communicate with others in their
community and with the world. In addition, community networks often
facilitate communications and distribution of information between
citizens about their local and national governments. In democratic
countries, this might facilitate a greater role for citizens in
the governmental process. Community network access should be available
for those in the public sector who are acting as representitives
of themselves and their ideas. Community network access should only
be available for those of the private sector who are contributing
to the education or research of the whole network. Those in the
private sector who are only interested in advancing their own
profits should gain access to the Network via other avenues.
Netizens are Net Citizens who
utilize the Net from their home, workplace, school, library, etc.
These people are among those who populate the Net, and make it a
resource of human beings. These netizens participate to help make
the Net both an intellectual and a social resource.
The concept of community networking would enable people from
around the world to connect to the Net, and in the process connect
to other citizens from around the world. This in turn would help
further the growth of the Net by connecting a diversity of people
who have various opinions, specialties and interests. This
worldwide connection of people and other information resources
of different sorts will help the world move forward in solving
different societal problems.
Paper commenting on Netizens and the diversity of uses people
have found for the Net and how it was affected their lives:
"The Net and the Netizens: The Impact the Net has on People's Lives" by
Michael Hauben available via
WWW in USA I,
Vision Behind the Concept of Global Community Networking
A Net which will grow to encompass all possible resources. In
order to facilitate the free flow of information sharing.
Netizen's community suggests that we use the current state
(circa 1994) of the Internet/NSFnet/Usenet/etc as a model for
the upcoming NII. In order to do this, it is necessary to be
aware of the history of the Net. Various texts for this exist:
Acceptable Use Policy
- Helpful regulation which helps define the NSFnet (backbone of
USA Internet) to be for sharing via an educational orientation
(as opposed to profit making orientation). This regulation has
helped the Net to grow.
The Netizens and the Wonderful World of the Net: An Anthology of Articles on the History and Impact of the Net
Try one of these first, Netizen Netbook Page,
Latest Edited Version
WWW Site: http://www.columbia.edu/~hauben/netbook/contents.html
Chapters of particular historical interest
Use this link - chapters at Columbia
Chapter 3 - History of Usenet
Chapter 7 - ARPA History
Chapter 8 - ARPA History
Chapter 9 - Unix History
Chapter16 - Historical Connection to the
- An Anthology of historical perspective and social context
needed to understand the advance represented by the global
telecommunications network. This net-book is for those who want
to contribute to the care and nurture of the Net.
The Origins of RFCs by Stephen D. Crocker
RFC 1000 - RFC 1000 the full text, INDEX of rfcs
History of the Internet
Netnews (usenet) Newsgroups of Interest ( may have only old posts by now)
- The culture(s) of the Internet.
- The USENET community.
- The future technology of network news systems.
- Discussion about what constitutes "net abuse"
- Discusion about the mass media's coverage of the Internet.
- The Internet Encyclopedia.
- Teaching and learning in the Usenet University.
- Discussion of issues involving grassroots achivements and labor issues for those who love computers.
- Discussions of USENET itself.
- Policy issues of USENET.
- The impact of technology on society (Moderated).
- The Computer Underground Digest (Moderated).
- Computer technology in developing countries.
- Computer folklore & culture, past & present (Moderated)
- Stories & anecdotes about computers. historical disc.
- Events in technology affecting future computing.
- Effects of technology on privacy (Moderated).
- Discusion about the present and future of the "data highway"
Non-electronic Reference Sources
Bellovin, Steve M. and Mark Horton, "USENET - A Distributed Decentralized
News System," an unpublished manuscript, 1985.
Heart, F., A. McKenzie, J. McQuillan, and D. Walden, Arpanet Completion
Report, Washington, 1978.
Woodbury, Gregory G. _Net Cultural Assumptions_
The Editors Scientific American. _Information_ W. H. Freeman Comp.
San Francisco 1966
(In particular the articles "Time Sharing on Computers" Fano and Corbato,
and "Information" McCathy)
Kenemy, John. _Man and the Computer_. Charles Scribner's Sons NY, 1972
Licklider, J.C.R and Albert Vezza, "Applications of Information
Systems", Proceedings of the IEEE, Nov 1978
Licklider, J.C.R. and Robert Taylor, "The Computer as a
Communication Device" from "In Memoriam: J.C.R. Licklider
1915-1990," Aug. 7, 1990, p. 40; reprinted by permission from
Digital Research Center; originally published as "The Computer as
a Communication Device," in "Science and Technology", April,
1968, pg. 40
Hauben, Michael, "The Social Forces Behind the Development of Usenet News.", _The Netizens and the Wonderful World of the Net_, unpublished off-line.
Antonoff, Michael, "Fighting City Hall at 2400 Baud", Personal Computing,
October 1989, (Special Issue "Computing in America IV"), pg. 170-172
Michael Hauben / email@example.com
Links updated 1/16/2010 by Jay Hauben