This page will feature my academic publications and research. If you are interested in a paper that is not online, please contact me directly.
All Policies Are Glocal: International Environmental Policymaking with Strategic Subnational Governments. Conditional Acceptance. British Journal of Political Science. [With Michael Bechtel]
International Institutions and Domestic Politics: Can Preferential Trading Agreements Help Leaders Promote Economic Reform? Conditional Acceptance. Journal of Politics. [With Leonardo Baccini]
The Effect of Feed-In Tariffs on Renewable Electricity Generation: An Instrumental Variables Approach. Forthcoming. Environmental and Resource Economics. [Michael G. Smith]
Understanding Environmental Policy Preferences: New Evidence from Brazil. Forthcoming. Ecological Economics. [With Michaël Aklin, Patrick Bayer, and S.P. Harish]
Why Pick on Us? Environmental INGOs and State Shaming as a Strategic Substitute. Forthcoming. Political Studies. [With Amanda M. Murdie]
Electricity Sector Reform and Generators as a Source of Backup Power: The Case of India. Forthcoming. Energy for Sustainable Development. [With David Szakonyi]
Escaping Oil's Stranglehold: When Do States Invest in Energy Security? Conditional Acceptance. Journal of Conflict Resolution. [With Andrew Cheon]
Political Market Failure? The Effect of Government Unity on Energy Technology Policy in Industrialized Democracies. Forthcoming. Technovation. [With Alexandra Cirone]
The Global Spread of Environmental Ministries: Domestic-International Interactions. Forthcoming. International Studies Quarterly. [With Michaël Aklin]
Debating Clean Energy: Frames, Counter Frames, and Audiences. Forthcoming. Global Environmental Change. [With Michaël Aklin]
Trade Sanctions in International Environmental Policy: Deterring or Encouraging Free Riding? Forthcoming. Conflict Management and Peace Science. [With Alexandra Cirone]
Why Do Governments Subsidize Gasoline Consumption? An Empirical Analysis of Global Gasoline Prices, 2002-2009. Forthcoming. Energy Policy. [With Andrew Cheon and Maureen Lackner]
Before Ratification: Understanding the Timing of International Treaty Effects on Domestic Policies. Forthcoming. International Studies Quarterly. [With Leonardo Baccini]
Profitable Participation: Technology Innovation as an Influence on the Ratification of Regulatory Treaties. Forthcoming. British Journal of Political Science. [With Christopher Marcoux]
Who Uses the Clean Development Mechanism? An Empirical Analysis of Projects in Chinese Provinces. Forthcoming. Global Environmental Change. [With Patrick Bayer and Jeremy Wallace]
Technology Competition and International Cooperation: Friends or Foes? Forthcoming. British Journal of Political Science. [With Sung Eun Kim]
International Energy Funding: Who Funds Fossil Fuels, Who Funds Energy Access to the Poor? Forthcoming. International Environmental Agreements. [With Sung Eun Kim]
When and How Can Advocacy Groups Promote New Technologies? Conditions and Strategies for Effectiveness. Forthcoming. Journal of Public Policy. [With Sung Eun Kim]
Non-Compliance by Design: Moribund Hard Law in International Institutions. Forthcoming. Review of International Organizations. [With Christopher Marcoux]
Partisan Heterogeneity and International Cooperation: The Case of the European Development Fund. Journal of Conflict Resolution. [With Christina J. Schneider]
Fit and Feasible: Why Democratizing States Form, not Join, International Organizations. Forthcoming. International Studies Quarterly. [With Paul Poast]
International Bureaucrats and the Formation of Intergovernmental Organizations: Institutional Design Discretion Sweetens the Pot. Forthcoming. International Organization. [With Tana Johnson]
Mission and Interests: The Strategic Formation and Function of North-South NGO Campaigns. Forthcoming. Global Governance. [With Christopher L. Pallas]
Political Competition, Path Dependence, and the Strategy of Sustainable Energy Transitions. Forthcoming. American Journal of Political Science. [With Michaël Aklin]
How Do Competing Special Interests Influence Environmental Policy? The Case of Renewable Electricity in Industrialized Democracies, 1989-2007. Forthcoming. Political Studies. [With Andrew Cheon]
The Domestic Sources of Donor Credibility: When and How Can Domestic Interest Groups Improve the Effectiveness of Threats and Promises? Forthcoming. Journal of Conflict Resolution. [With Man Yan Eng]
Capacity, Not Constraints: A Theory of North-South Regulatory Cooperation. Forthcoming. Review of International Organizations. [With Christopher Marcoux]
Can Strategic Technology Deployment Improve Climate Cooperation? A Game-Theoretic Analysis. Forthcoming. Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change.
Promoting International Environmental Cooperation Through Unilateral Action: When Can Trade Sanctions Help? Forthcoming. Global Environmental Politics.
Global Patterns of Renewable Energy Innovation, 1990-2009. 2013. Energy for Sustainable Development. 17 (3): 288-295. [With Patrick Bayer and Lindsay Dolan]
A Model of Dynamic Climate Governance: Dream Big, Win Small. 2013. International Environmental Agreements. 13 (2): 107-125.
International Bargaining, Endogenous Domestic Constraints, and Democratic Accountability. 2013. Journal of Theoretical Politics 25 (2): 260-283. [With Terrence L. Chapman and Scott Wolford]
Distributional Conflict Between Powerful States and International Treaty Ratification. 2013. International Studies Quarterly 57 (1): 13-27. [With Christina J. Schneider]
External Sources of Clean Technology: Evidence from the Clean Development Mechanism. 2013. Review of International Organizations 8 (1): 81-109. [With Patrick Bayer]
Funding Global Public Goods: The Dark Side of Multilateralism. 2013. Review of Policy Research 30 (2): 81-109. [With Patrick Bayer]
Issue Linkage in Clean Technology Cooperation: For Better or Worse? 2013. Clean Technologies and Environmental Policy 15 (1): 147-155.
Why Has Public R&D on Alternatives to Fossil Fuels Decreased in Industrialized Countries? 2013. Environmental Science and Policy 25: 127-137. [With Michael G. Smith]
Geoengineering and Global Warming: A Strategic Perspective. 2012. International Environmental Agreements 12 (4): 375-389.
A Strategic Theory of Regime Integration and Separation. 2012. International Organization 66 (4): 645-677. [With Tana Johnson]
Costly Adjustments, Markets, and International Reassurance. 2012. British Journal of Political Science 42 (3): 679-704.
Legislative Fractionalization and Partisan Shifts to the Left Increase the Volatility of Public Energy R&D Expenditures. 2012. Energy Policy 46: 49-57. [With Leonardo Baccini]
Explaining Public Support for International Integration: How Do National Conditions and Treaty Characteristics Interact with Individual Beliefs? 2012. Journal of Politics 74 (4): 1108-1124. [With Thomas Sattler]
Strategic Side Payments: Preferential Trading Agreements, Economic Reform, and Foreign Aid. 2012. Journal of Politics 74 (4): 932-949. [With Leonardo Baccini]
Environmental Regulation in the Shadow of International Trade Law: A Principal-Agent Analysis. 2012. Strategic Behavior and the Environment 2 (3): 193-215.
Global Warming, Irreversibility, and Uncertainty: A Political Analysis. 2012. Global Environmental Politics 12 (4): 68-85.
Dynamics of Spatial Interdependence: The Contingent Effect of International Trade on Voluntary Environmental Standards. 2012. Environment and Planning C 30 (5): 871-890. [With Christopher Marcoux]
Intellectual Property Rights, Clean Technology, and Public Policy: A Strategic Analysis. 2012. Strategic Behavior and the Environment 2 (2): 173-191.
Unilateral Influence on International Bureaucrats: An International Delegation Problem. 2012. Journal of Conflict Resolution 56 (4): 701-732.
Accession Rules for International Institutions: A Legitimacy-Efficacy Trade-off? 2012. Journal of Conflict Resolution. 56 (2): 290-312. [With Christina J. Schneider]
Oil Prices and Energy Technology Innovation: An Empirical Analysis. 2012. Global Environmental Change 22 (2): 407-417. [With Andrew Cheon]
Strategic Problems in North-South Climate Finance: Creating Joint Gains for Donors and Recipients. 2012. Environmental Science and Policy 21 (1): 14-23.
Technology Investment, Bargaining, and International Environmental Agreements. 2012. International Environmental Agreements 12 (2): 145-163.
How Uncertainty About Outside Options Impedes International Cooperation. 2012. International Theory 4 (1): 133-161.
How Does Democratic Accountability Shape International Cooperation? 2012. Conflict Management and Peace Science. 29 (1): 28-55.
NGO Monitoring and the Legitimacy of International Cooperation. 2012. Review of International Organizations 7 (1): 1-32. [With Christopher L. Pallas]
How Do Electoral Competition and Special Interests Shape the Stringency of Renewable Energy Standards? 2012. Environmental Economics and Policy Studies. 14 (1): 23-34.
The Strategic Design of Technology Funds for Climate Cooperation: Generating Joint Gains. 2012. Environmental Science and Policy. 15 (1): 92-105.
Special Interests, Regulatory Quality, and the Pesticides Overload. 2011. Review of Policy Research. 28 (6): 585-612. [With Christopher Marcoux]
Frontrunners and Laggards: The Strategy of Environmental Regulation under Uncertainty. 2011. Environmental and Resource Economics. 50 (3): 325-346.
The Enforcement-Exploitation Trade-off in International Cooperation Between Weak and Powerful States. 2011. European Journal of International Relations. 17 (4): 631-653.
International Technology Cooperation: The Problem of Commercial Rivalry. 2011. Review of Policy Research. 28 (5): 423-450.
Can Unilateral Leadership Promote International Environmental Cooperation? 2011. International Interactions. 37 (3): 320-339.
Export Orientation and Domestic Electricity Generation: Effects on Energy Efficiency Innovation in Select Sectors. 2011. Energy Policy. 39 (9): 5638-5646.
Domestic Reform as a Rationale for Gradualism in International Cooperation. 2011. Journal of Theoretical Politics. 23 (3): 400-427.
Early Birds: Special Interests and the Strategic Logic of International Cooperation. 2011. Review of International Organizations. 6 (2): 113-140.
A California Effect for International Externalities? 2011. International Interactions. 37 (2): 170-189.
The Origins of Social Institutions. 2011. Journal of Theoretical Politics. 23 (2): 215-240.
Enforcing International Environmental Agreements: Technological Standards Can Help. 2010. Review of International Organizations. 5 (4): 475-496.
Regulation Under Economic Globalization. 2010. International Studies Quarterly. 54 (4): 1099-1121.
Enforcement and Capacity Building in International Cooperation. 2010. International Theory 2 (1): 32-49.
Political-Economic Problems in Trade Capacity Building. 2009. Review of International Organizations 4 (4): 329-359.
Explaining the Schwarzenegger Phenomenon: Local Frontrunners in Climate Policy. 2009. Global Environmental Politics 9 (3): 82-105.