Theories of Emotion
- Select your favorite quote from James and send it to the class Discussion
Board no later than Tuesday, 9/10. Read it to the class at our next meeting,
and explain why you picked it. (If someone else has already posted your favorite
quote, you'll need to send another.)
- What is emotion according to James?
- Using James' theory of emotion, explain how a person's feeling of fear unfolds upon suddenly confronting a huge, lunging bear in the backyard.
- According to James, can one have an emotion without physiological involvement?
- Give some examples of physiological responses that might accompany perceptions of particular actions or events.
- What data did James use to formulate his Theory of Emotion?
- Sherrington and Cannon surgically eliminated, through the sympathetic channels, response possibilities to and from the viscera. Did the results of these experiments refute or support the James - Lange theory? In part or as a whole (i.e., the entire theory)?
- Be able to explain each of Cannon's five objections to the James-Lange theory. Critically evaluate each one in the light of the Ax and Schachter and Singer findings.
Schachter & Singer
- Describe the experimental procedure in Schachter and Singer.
- What is Schachter's theory of emotion? Illustrate it using the "lunging bear in backyard" example.
- How do the results of this experiment support Schachter's theory?
Ax [be able to answer these two questions]
- Discuss the general procedure Ax used in his study of the physiological differences between anger and fear; what were his methods of inducing these emotions and were they effective?
- What were the results of Ax's experiment? Specifically-- How did the physiological reaction in fear differ from that in anger? Do these results support or argue against Cannon's claim that the responses of the viscera are undifferentiated?
- How do James, Schachter, and Cannon differ in the role they assign to bodily arousal in explaining emotional experience? How about the role they assign to cognition?
- What kind of evidence is needed to provide crucial support for, or to refute, each theory?
- Considering the evidence you've encounted so far, how does each theory hold up? [Each week we will reconsider this question.]
- According to Lang, why did research into differential patterns of physiological response come to a halt after the Ax and Graham studies?