Lecture #8

Nation-Building and National Consciousness

1. The emergence of the nation

A. Defining the nation-state
B. The political and cultural roots of nationalism

2. Types of nationalism

A. The early 19th-century French model: liberal nationalism

B. The early 19th-century German model: cultural nationalism

C. Chauvinist nationalism and the shift right in the late 19th century

3. Turning subjects into citizens

A. Inventing national traditions

B. The role of empire in nationalizing the masses

C. The role of nationalism in promoting empire: citizens as colonialists



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Sites of interest:

Nationalism, Homepage

Nationalism, General Sources

Herder, outline of his development

Internet Modern History Sourcebook: The Long 19th Century



France d’outre mer
Johann Herder
liberal nationalism
cultural nationalism
chauvinist nationalism