The Peri-Urban Area of Iquitos
Changes and fragmentation of the peri-urban landscape in Iquitos between 1987 and 2001
Typical settlement in the peri-urban area
The peri-urban communities are characterized by socioeconomic inequality: while there are a few wealthy visitors, the majority of permanent settlers are among the poorest in the region.
The risk of malaria infection is not evenly distributed among these groups: our survey of fifty permanent residents uncovered a minimum of four malaria infections each, compared to none among weekend visitors during the same period.
Peri-urban residents are highly mobile. Men work temporarily in the cities and spend part of the year fishing, cutting timber, and farming in rural areas, while women work as domestic helpers in the urban centers.
Most peri-urban residents belong to multi-sited households that maintain strong links to rural life.
Housing, agricultural plots, ponds, and isolated forest fragments are all part of the peri-urban landscape. The effect of landscape changes on the distribution, dispersal, and reproduction of malaria mosquito vectors remains largely unexplored.