Last updated Tuesday, January 09, 2001 03:58 PM
This page may not represent a complete list. Ask about the suitability of any other course you may be considering.
Unless stated otherwise, these courses may be used to satisfy the 3-elective graduate course requirement for Ph.D. students. Some restrictions may apply.
Courses for Biological Sciences Ph.D. Students
Click here for CU Directory of Classes (classes, days, times, rooms, etc., for upcoming semesters)
Fall 2000 and Spring 2001 Biology G6001-G6002. Graduate core I: cell biology and genetics. Graduate core II:
Biochemistry and molecular biology. 4.5 pts. Staff. Open only to first year graduate students
enrolled in the Department of Biological Sciences or the Department of Chemistry. These two
courses make up a required sequence for first year graduate students in the Department. These
intensive courses are meant to give a graduate level introduction to the concepts, methods, and
current problems of modern cellular and molecular biology. Note: Does not count toward the 3-elective requirement for Ph.D. students
and Spring 2001 Biology G9301-G9302. Preresearch seminars. 3 pts. Staff. Required for all first-year graduate
students in the department. The research of members of the faculty is presented. In the Spring, this course includes a workshop on the Conduct of Science. Note: Does not count toward the 3-elective requirement for Ph.D. students
Biological Sciences (bulletin listing)
Not offered this academic year Biology G4001. Introduction to neural development. 3.0 pts. D. Kelley, C. Mason. Prerequisite: open to graduate students in the natural sciences with biology training. Introduction to the development of vertebrate and invertebrate nervous systems with emphasis on experimental approaches to neural development.
Spring 2001 Biology W4004 Cellular and molecular neurobiology. 4.0 pts. S. Firestein, J. Yang. Lecture: TuTh 4:10 - 5:25pm. Recitation: hours to be arranged. Prerequisite: one year of biology, and a course in physics is highly recommended. An introduction to the cellular and molecular aspects of nerve cell function. Topics include the cell biology and biochemistry of nerve cells, ionic and molecular bases of electrical signals, synaptic transmission and its modulation, and sensory receptors. Recitation emphasizes readings from the primary literature. Note: Only one of Biology W4004-W4005 counts toward the 3-elective requirement for Ph.D. students.
Fall 2000 Biology W4005 Systems neurobiology. 4.0 pts. R. Yuste. Lecture: TuTh 4:10–5:25. Recitation: hours to be arranged. Prerequisite: one year of biology or instructor's permission. An introduction to the development and properties of ensembles of neurons, particularly the vertebrate central nervous system (CNS). Topics include CNS organization and development, parallel and serial processing in sensory and motor systems, modulation of neural activity by hormones and neurotransmitters, and neuroethology. Major emphasis is placed on readings from the primary literature. Note: Only one of Biology W4004-W4005 counts toward the 3-elective requirement for Ph.D. students.
Not offered this academic year Biology G4008. Advanced seminar in neurobiology. 3 pts. S. Firestein. Sensory systems provide a window on the brain. From the primary events of signal transduction to the organization of receptive fields and higher order processing, the senses utilize mechanisms that are shared by all neural systems. This seminar stresses the general principles of signalling and the common neurobiological motifs typified in sensory systems. Results emerging from biophysical, molecular, physiological, and computational approaches are treated, utilizing both the current literature and classic papers in the field.
Not offered this academic year Biology G4011 Neural Systems - circuits in the brain. This course will review current knowledge about the computation carried out by different microcircuits in the mammalian CNS. The levels of analysis covered by the course will span channel behavior, synaptic physiology, dendritic integration, neuroanatomy, and circuit studies.
Not offered this academic year Biology G4054. Mammalian cell genetics. 3.0 pts. L. Chasin. The genetic manipulation of cultured mammalian cells and how such approaches are directed toward problems in cell and molecular biology. Topics include the isolation and exploitation of mutant cells; genome juxtaposition using heterokaryons and hybrids formed by cell fusion; gene transfer and gene isolation by transfection; and homologous recombination. The current and classic literature is studied through a combination of lectures and student presentations.
Not offered this academic year Biology G4058. Molecular biology of viruses. 4.5 pts. J. L. Manley, C.L. Prives. Current topics in animal virology, with emphasis on viruses that can cause human disease. Mechanisms of viral replication and regulated gene expression are considered in detail. Special emphasis is placed on interactions between viral and cellular gene products. In particular, the roles of viral oncogenes in malignant cell transformation and tumorigenesis, and the structure and replication of HIV (AIDS virus) are major areas of concentration.
Spring 2001 Biology W4065. Molecular biology of disease. 3.0 pts. R. Pollack. Tu 2:10 - 4:00 pm. Molecular and cellular basis of cystic fibrosis, sickle-cell anemia, retinoblastoma, colorblindness and other diseases examined in discussions based on current literature. Lectures, discussions, and student presentations. (Undergraduates receive priority for registration.)
Not offered this academic year Biology G4158. Seminar in nucleic acids and related topics. 2.0 pts. G.L. Zubay. Focuses on a topical area of molecular genetics. Current problems and research in nucleic acids, protein synthesis, mechanisms of regulating the synthesis of macromolecules, and control of genetic activity in chromosomes.
Spring 2001 Biology-Chemistry G4170. Biophysical chemistry. 4.5 pts. A. McDermott. MW 4:15 - 5:30 pm Prerequisite: elementary physical and organic chemistry. Recommended preparation: elementary biochemistry. Tactics and techniques for the study of large molecules of biological importance; analysis of the conformation of proteins and nucleic acids, hydrodynamic, scattering, and spectroscopic techniques for examining macromolecular structure.
Not offered this academic year Biology G4205. Origins of life. 3.0 pts. G. Zubay. Recommended one term of biology and one year of chemistry. This course is divided into four areas of study: (1) a brief description of the events that took place from the time of the big bang to the formation of a habitable planet (2) a brief description of the basic strategies of living systems (3) a side-by-side description of how basic chemistry works in living systems and a parallel description of how these systems might have evolved in the prebiotic world and (4) the evolution of living systems
Fall 2000 Biology G4600. Signal transduction. 3pts. D. Kalderon, R. Prywes. Th 40:00pm-6:00pm. In each class, a short introductory lecture provides a summary of past approaches to studying cellular communication, in particular the molecules that act as signals, receptors and effectors, and a summary of the current understanding of major signal transduction mechanisms. In the rest of the class, students present and discuss in detail recent papers and background material concerning aspects of signal transduction of particular current interest.
Spring 2001 Biology W4799 Readings in the molecular biology of cancer. 3.0 pts. L. Yamasaki. TuTh 2:40 - 3:55pm. Prerequisite: three terms of biology (genetics and cell biology recommended). Lectures and discussion. Readings tracing the discovery of the role of DNA tumor viruses in cancerous transformation are discussed. Oncogenes and tumor suppressors are analyzed with respect to their function in normal cell cycle, growth control and human cancers. Registrar's listing.
Anatomy and Cell Biology
Spring 2001 Anatomy G5101. Cell biology: tissues and organs. Taube P Rothman Registrar's listing.
Cellular Molecular Biophysics Program
Spring 2001 Cellular Molecular Biophysics G4350 Cellular Membrane and organelle. Registrar's listing.
Fall 2000 Cellular Molecular Biophysics G4150. Microbial molecular genetics. 4 pts. Fred Chang and Carey Waldburger. Time TBA Prerequisite: basic biology and biochemistry; the instructor’s permission. Basic aspects of prokaryotic molecular biology and genetics. Regulation of gene expression, molecular genetics of bacterial viruses, plasmids and transposable elements. Modern molecular genetic approaches to complex biological phenomena. Format: four to five hours of lecture and discussion per week.
Spring 2001 Cellular Molecular Biophysics G4010. Responsible conduct of research and related policy issues. 1 pt. R. Kessin. F 1:00-2:00 pm This course explores a variety of ethical and policy issues that arise during the conduct of basic and clinical scientific research. Course sessions include lectures, discussion periods, and analyses of case studies. Note: Does not count toward the 3-elective requirement for Ph.D. students
Spring 2001 Cellular Molecular
Biophysics G4020. Biological Sequence Analysis. 3 pt. R. Friedman. Time TBA The course covers PC operation,
basic Unix, web-site usage, sequence comparison, database searching, multiple
sequence alignment, profile methods, secondary structure prediction, mapping,
primer design, and genomic analysis. website. Note: Does not count toward the
3-elective requirement for Ph.D. students
(The course covers PC operation, basic Unix, web-site usage, sequence comparison, database searching, multiple sequence alignment, mapping, primer design, and genomic analysis. The course assumes NO previous knowledge of computers or sequence analysis. For each method the principles are explained, program operation is demonstrated with the image of a computer monitor projected on a screen, and the student uses the programs himself in a supervised lab.
The course meets for one hour lecture and two hours lab once a week in the microcomputer classroom on the second floor of the Hammer Health meets on Tuesdays from 9-12 starting Section 2 meets on Wednesdays from 9-12 starting January 17 (Call Number: 23598). corresponding to the number of computers in the microcomputer classroom. Attendance is required, and each student is required to attain the primary objectives of each lab. There are no exams but there is some homework. Grades are pass/fail. If you have any questions, and have a daytime phone number, please call me at 305-6901 (7-6901). I prefer phone calls to e-mail. If you do not have a daytime phone-number or are shy e-mail (email@example.com).)
2000 Biochemistry G6300 Biochemistry/Molecular Biology--Eukaryotes
I. 4.5 pts. Parithychery Srinivasan and Richard S Mann and Lloyd A Greene and
Dimitris Thanos MWF 9:00am-10:30am.
Spring 2001 Biochemistry G6301 Biochemistry/Molecular Biology--Eukaryotes II. 4.5 pts. Parithychery Srinivasan and Richard S Mann and Lloyd A Greene and Dimitris Thanos MWF 2:30pm-4:00pm
This sequence is a unified core curriculum that covers many of the topics that Ph.D. students need to know to succeed in carrying out research in the biological sciences. The course begins with basic biochemical principles, including protein and nucleic acid structure, how proteins and nucleic acids interact, and the principles of enzyme kinetics and mechanisms. It then proceeds to cover important processes in the eukaryotic cell, including protein synthesis and ubiquitin-mediated degradation, DNA replication, DNA repair, the cell cycle, transcription, and the transport of macromolecules between the nucleus and cytoplasm. The course then moves into more complex pathways including apoptosis, signal transduction by receptors (receptor tyrosine kinases, the Jak/Stat pathway, 7-transmembrane receptors, and structural aspects of these signaling molecules), oncogenes, and signal-mediated regulation of transcription factor activity. Finally, it covers four major ways that cells communicate with each other during eukaryotic development (Hedgehog, TGF-beta, Wnt, and Notch), and provides examples of how signaling pathways are used in worm, fly and mouse development. Only one of these 2 large courses counts toward the 3-elective requirement
Fall, 2001 Molecular Biophysics
G4250X Offered: Fall, each year B. Honig and Staff.
Prerequisite: Basic physical and organic chemistry and the instructor’s permission. Primarily intended to satisfy the requirements of graduate students. Methods and principles involved in studying the structure and function of proteins, nucleic acids, membranes and their macromolecular assemblies. Noncovalent forces and conformational analysis; ultracentrifugation, viscometry, circular dichroism, fluorescence, magnetic resonance, conformational changes in proteins and nucleic acids, topological properties of macromolecules. 4.5 points
Spring 2001 Molecular Biophysics
G6045Y Membrane Receptors and Transport Proteins. Offered: Spring, Odd numbered years.
Prerequisites: Advanced Biochemistry; Molecular Biophysics (G4250). Molecular structure and function of membrane proteins; general principles and common threads. 3 points
Spring 2001 Molecular Biophysics
G6270Y NMR Spectroscopy of Macromolecules. Offered: Spring, Even numbered years.
A. G. Palmer
Prerequisite: the instructor’s permission or Biophysical chemistry G4170. Theoretical principles and applications of NMR spectroscopy for the study of biological macromolecules, including proteins, nucleic acids and carbohydrates, in solution. 4 points
Spring 2002 Molecular Biophysics G4024Y
Structure and Function of Nucleic Acids. Offered: Spring, Even numbered years.
Prerequisite: Organic chemistry. The structure, dynamics, catalytic reactivity and biological function of DNA, RNA, and their derivatives. 4 points
Spring 2001 Molecular Biophysics G6275Y Diffraction Analysis of Macromolecules. Offered: Spring, Odd numbered years
Prerequisite: Biophysical Chemistry G4170 or the instructors’ permission. Diffraction theory and applications to protein, nucleic acid, and membrane structures. Topics include electron microscopy, x-ray diffraction, protein crystallography, electron and neutron diffraction and electron microscopy. 4.5 points
Chemistry C3079x-C3080y Physical chemistry, I and II. 4 pts. MWF 11-11:50.
(The first semester is required for Biology graduate students who have not had Physical Chemistry as undergraduates).
Prerequisites: CHEM C1403-C1404 or C3045-C3046; PHYS C1401-C1402, or the equivalent; MATH V1101-V1102 or V1105-V1106. Recommended parallel: CHEM C3085-C3086. An elementary but comprehensive treatment of the fundamental laws governing the behavior of individual atoms and molecules and collections of them.
Syllabus for Physical Chemistry C3079x Fall
The physical chemistry course was revised in 1999 to take into account the interests of its students, the great majority of whom are biochemistry majors, biology majors or chemistry majors who are premeds. The text is PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY: Principles and Applications in Biological Sciences. The writing is sparkling with many applications to biology. The authors are three expert biophysical chemists from Berkeley: Tinoco, Sauer and Wang. The Fall semester will be taught by Richard Bersohn and the Spring by Ken Eisenthal. The course is not a course in biochemistry or even biophysical chemistry. Thermodynamics will be taught in the Fall Semester. The lectures in the fall semester will be based on the following chapters:
Chapter 1. Introduction
Chapter 2. The First Law: Energy is Conserved.
Chapter 3. The Second Law: The Entropy of the Universe Increases
Chapter 4. Free Energy and Chemical Equilibria
Chapter 7. Kinetics: Rates of Chemical Reactions
Chapter 8. Enzyme Kinetics
Biology-Chemistry G4170y Biophysical
chemistry 4.5 pts. A. McDermott. Lecture: MW 4:15-5:30. or M 7-10 PM
(This course is not a substitute for Physical Chemistry)
Lab: M 7-10 evening. Prerequisite: elementary physical and organic chemistry.
Recommended preparation: elementary biochemistry. Tactics and techniques for the study of large molecules of biological importance; analysis of the conformation of proteins and nucleic acids; hydrodynamic, scattering, and spectroscopic techniques for examining macromolecular structure.
Spring 2001 Chemistry G4172. Bio-organic topics. 4.5 pts. R. Breslow. TR 10:35-11:50am. Prerequisite: introductory organic chemistry. Recommended preparation: advanced organic chemistry. Various topics in bioactive molecules in the field centered on natural-products chemistry, metabolic transformations, and enzyme mechanisms. Biosynthesis of natural products and some other bioorganic topics.Computer Science (bulletin listing)
Spring 2001 Computer Science W4761. Computational Genomics. 3 pts. W. Grundy. T 4:10-6:40pm Prerequisite: the instructor’s permission. Course will cover the computational methods used to search for, classify, analyze and model DNA, RNA and protein sequences. Course will also look at methods of analysing other kinds of genomics information, such as data obtained from "gene chips". These methods form the core of an important and rapidly growing field of research, known variously as biosequence analysis, bioinformatics or computational molecular biology.Ecology and Evolutionary Biology (bulletin listing)
Fall 2000 EESC/ENVB G6110. Evolution, I. 3 pts. R. DeSalle and B. Hahn. T 11:00am-12:50pm. Prerequisites: Priority given to first-year students in EEB or Conservation Biology Certificate program. Lecture course covering principal topics of evolutionary biology from genetics, genome organization, population and quantitative genetics, the history of evolutionary theory, systematics, speciation and species concepts, co-evolution, and biogeography.Electrical Engineering (bulletin listing)
Fall 2000 EE-CS-BME. E4060 Introduction to genomic information science and technology. 3 pts. D. Anastassiou. T 6:50-9:20pm. This course introduces the "information system paradigm" of molecular biology and genetics, in which biomolecular sequences are viewed as elements of digital information systems and recombination and other biomolecular processes are viewed as mathematical operations with simulation and visualization using simple computer programming in MATLAB. All concepts and methods will be introduced. No previous computer or biology background is required for the course. Note: Does not count toward the 3-elective requirement for Ph.D. students.
Genetics and Development (bulletin listing)
Spring 2001 Genetics G4005. Introduction to mathematical genetics. 3 pts. J. Ott. Time TBA Prerequisite: calculus. Introductory courses in probability are recommended but are not required. Basic concepts of genetics and population genetics. Genetic linkage. Models of disease transmission. While general genetic principles are covered, emphasis is on human genetics and on human genetic linkage.
Not offered this academic year Genetics G4027. Principles of developmental biology. 3 pts. D. Wolgemuth and staff. Required for first-year Genetics and Development students. Open to students from all departments, but students from outside the Genetics Department should consult the instructor before registering. The course emphasizes the molecular control of vertebrate embryogenesis. Divided into three main areas: early embryogenesis, developmental neurobiology, and the development and differentiation of specialized organs or lineages. A combination of faculty lectures and presentations by participating students.
Fall 2000 Genetics G4050. Advanced eukaryotic molecular genetics. 4 pts. A. Efstratiadis. W 4:00-7:00pm. Required for second year Genetics and Development students. Prerequisite: at least one graduate-level biochemistry or molecular biology course, and the instructor’s permission. Advanced treatment of the principles and methods of the molecular biology of eukaryotes, emphasizing the organization, expression, and evolution of eukaryotic genes. Topics include reassociation and hybridization kinetics, gene numbers, genomic organization at the DNA level, mechanisms of recombination, transposable elements, DNA rearrangements, gene amplification, oncogenes, recombinant DNA techniques, transcription and RNA splicing. Students participate in discussions of problem sets on the current literature.
Fall 2000 Genetics G4500. Cellular and molecular biology of cancer. 3pts. B. Tycko. W 5:00pm-7:00pm. Required for students on the cancer training grant. Open to all students. An integrated and critical review of cancer biology, emphasizing recent research. Topics discussed include: natural history and epidemiology of cancer; morphology and behavior of cancer cells; DNA and RNA tumor viruses; oncogenes; tumor suppressor genes; signal transduction; the genetics of cancer; cancer and cellular differentiation; cancer causation: physical and chemical agents; multistage carcinogenesis; hormones, nutrients, and growth factors in cancer. Readings are largely original research papers and review articles. One 2-hour seminar per week. Note: Does not count toward the 3-elective requirement for Ph.D. students.
Fall 2000 Genetics G6210. Genetic approaches to biological problems. 3 pts. R. Rothstein and staff. T 2:00-5:00pm.Required for first year Genetics and Development students. Open to all students. Designed to illustrate how genetic systems have played a fundamental role in our understanding of basic biological problems: mitosis and meiosis, chromosomal linkage and mapping, consequences of chromosomal rearrangements, mechanisms of recombination and gene conversion, the use of mutants to study gene structure, regulation and the cell cycle, uses of recombinant DNA in genetic analysis, and the genetic analysis of development in Drosophila.
Spring 2001 Genetics G6211. Genetic approaches to biological problems. 3 pts. F. Costantini and staff. T 2:00-5:00pm Required for first-year Genetics and Development students. Continuation of Genetics G6210. Basic principles and current areas of interest in mouse and human genetics. An introduction to mouse genetics; X-chromosome inactivation and genomic imprinting; genetic manipulation of the mouse; genetics of mouse coat color; genetics of sex determination; the mouse T-complex; human linkage analysis; somatic cell genetics; physical mapping of the human genome; cytogenetics; Huntington’s disease; muscular dystrophy and Alzheimer’s disease; and gene therapy.
Medical Informatics (bulletin listing)
Fall 2001 Medical Informatics G4012. Introduction to Genomics. 3pts. A. Rzhetsky. TuTh 10:00-11:00am Survey of the major problems in the present-day eclectic field called "Genomics" or, sometimes, "Bioinformatics." Exploration of computational methods for gene discovery. Website.
Microbiology (bulletin listing)
Spring 2001 Microbiology G4020. Introduction to immunology. 4 pts. P.B. Rothman and staff. TR 2:00-3:00pm. Survey of the major topics in basic immunology with an emphasis on the molecular basis for immune recognition and regulation.
Not offered this academic year Microbiology G6050. Advanced microbiology. 2-6 pts. V. Racaniello and members of the staff. Prerequisite: the instructor’s permission. This course is intended as an introduction to microbiology for graduate students, and will serve as a prerequisite to Advanced topics in microbiology. Topics to be covered will include virology (fundamental properties of virus replication, the molecular biology of viral replication and pathogenesis), immunology (the humoral and cellular immune response and its molecular basis), and the study of yeast (recombination and control of gene expression). There will be two lectures per week and one discussion section in which scientific papers will be analyzed.Neurobiology and Behavior (bulletin listing)
Spring 2001 Neurobiology and Behavior G9002.
Introduction to neural development. 4 pts. T. Jessell, C.
Mason. Time TBA.
Pathology (bulletin listing)
Fall 2000 Pathology G6003. Molecular and cellular mechanics in human disease. 3 pts. R. Liem and members of the staff. Time TBA. Open only to graduate students in the basic and medical science departments. Prerequisite: cofitter release. 3 pts. C. Bailey, D. Goldberg, A. MacDermott. Time TBA. Prerequisite: a neural science course and the instructor’s permission. A detailed examination of the cellular and molecular processes influencing synaptic transmission.
Spring 2000 Physiology G4500. Advanced topics in immunology. 4 pts. C. Schindler. Time TBA.Psychology (bulletin listing)
Not offered this academic year Psychology G4490. Pathophysiology of psychiatric disorders. 3 pts. J. Horvitz. Prerequisite: Instructor's approval. Fundamental psychological dysfunction, animal models, and neurochemical disturbances associated with schizophrenia. Note: Does not count toward the 3-elective requirement for Ph.D. studentStatistics (bulletin listing)
Fall 2000 / Spring 2001 Statistics - IEOR W4150. Introduction to probability and statistics. 3 pts. C. Heyde. TuTh 4:10pm-5:25pm / Spring time TBA Prerequisite: a working knowledge of calculus. Fundamentals of probability theory and statistical inference. Probabilistic models, random variable, useful distributions, expectations, laws of large numbers, central limit theorem. Statistical inference: point and confidence interval estimation, hypothesis tests, linear regression. Note: Does not count toward the 3-elective requirement for Ph.D. students; does count toward the 3-semester undergraduate math requirement
Fall 2000 / Spring 2001 Statistics W1001x or y Introduction To Statistical Reasoning 3.00 pts. Prerequisite: some high school algebra. Friendly introduction emphasizing conceptual understanding and applications. Topics include design of experiments, data collection and graphical display, probability and modeling, normal curve and its approximations, linear regression, confidence intervals, hypothesis testing, computer use for data management. Examples drawn from several areas, including medical studies, genetics, political science, population surveys, economics, legal studies, business, and physics. (SC) Note: Does not count toward the 3-elective requirement for Ph.D. students; does count toward the 3- semester undergraduate math requirement
2000 / Spring 2001 Statistics W1111x or y Introduction To Statistics, A 3.00 pts.
Prerequisite: high school mathematics through intermediate algebra. Enrollment limited to 45 students. Designed
for students in fields (e.g., economics) that emphasize quantitative methods. Probability
concepts and basic theory of sampling distributions as aids to quantitative reasoning and data analysis. Illustrations from the natural and social sciences. Data quality and causal inference; graphical and numerical summaries; statistical modeling of relationships between variables; computer use for data management, evaluation of models, and estimation of parameters. Note: Does not count toward the 3-elective requirement for Ph.D. students; does count toward the 3- semester undergraduate math requirement
Fall 2000 / Spring 2001 Statistics W1211x or y Introduction To Statistics, B 3.00 pts. Prerequisite: Calculus I. Designed for students in fields that emphasize quantitative methods. Probability concepts and basic theory of sampling distributions as aids to quantitative reasoning and data analysis. Illustrations drawn from the natural and social sciences. Computer use in data management, graph construction, evaluation of regression models, and estimation of unknown parameters. Topics of STAT W1111 are covered in greater depth. Note: Does not count toward the 3-elective requirement for Ph.D. students; does count toward the 3- semester undergraduate math requirement
Public Health P6103 Introduction to Biostatistics 3 points. MW 5:30-8:00 This course covers the language of biostatistics and the standard techniques of data collection and analysis. It is designed as a first semester course and includes topics discussed in Public Health P6100. The inferential topics include the Normal distribution, measures of central tendency and despersion, hypothesis testing, confidence intervals, regression and correlation. ote: Does not count toward the 3-elective requirement for Ph.D. students; does count toward the 3- semester undergraduate math requirement
Public Health P6104 Introduction to Biostatistical Methods/Du MW 5:30-8:00 Note: Does not count toward the 3-elective requirement for Ph.D. students; does count toward the 3- semester undergraduate math requirement