John Lentz


Photo: [9], Click to magnify
  
John Lentz, hired into IBM Watson Scientific Computing Laboratory at Columbia University by Wallace Eckert from the MIT Radiation Lab in 1945 (along with Byron Havens and Robert M. Walker) on the advice of I.I. Rabi, was the father of the early IBM small scientific computers, best known for designing the first "personal computer", the IBM 610, 1948-56. During his Watson Lab tenure (1946-69) he also attended the first ACM meeting (held on the Columbia campus in 1947) and served on Columbia's Electrical Engineering faculty, teaching EE 287 (Digital Computers I: System Analysis) and EE 298 (Digital Computers III: Computer Programming). His work at Columbia led some years later to the IBM 1620 and its progeny. While at Watson Lab, Lentz also designed and built electromechanical and computer-interface automation features for the Star Measuring and Recording Machine, used on astronomical photographs (References below).

Peter Capek of IBM points out that John Lentz is also the inventor of the cursor (as on a video display or computer screen); his patent on it was granted in 1973 or -74, even though he applied for it for many years earlier, while at Watson Lab, perhaps in connection with the small CRT on the 610 or perhaps the Star Measuring Machine.

According to Columbia University records, Lentz taught engineering in the School of General Studies from 1955 to 1958. He was officially appointed Adjunct Assistant Professor of Electrical Engineering on May 28, 1956. I believe he took 1960-62 off to earn his Ph.D. at Johns Hopkins University, though I am not sure whether he actually received it. When Watson Lab left Columbia, Lentz went with it and worked at IBM until he retired, where Peter Capek says one of the areas he worked on was programming and perhaps protocol design for JNI job networking, perhaps for JES2 (HASP).


References and Publications:
  1. Lentz, John, "A New Approach to Small-Computer Programming and Control", IBM Journal of Research and Development, Vol.2, No.1, p.72 (1958).
  2. Lentz, John, and Richard Bennet, "Automatic Measurement of Star Positions", Electronics, Vol.27 No.6 (Jun 1954), pp.158-163.
  3. Lentz, John, Interview TC-34 in the IBM Oral History of the Computer, conducted by Larry Saphire, 8 Nov 1967.
  4. Eckert, W.J., and R.B. Jones, "Automatic Measurement of Photographic Star Positions", Astronomical Journal, Vol.59, No.2 (March 1954).
  5. Eckert, W.J., and Rebecca Jones, "Measuring Engines", in Hiltner, W.A., Astronomical Techniques, Vol II: "Stars and Stellar Systems", U of Chicago Press (1962).
  6. Grosch, Herbert R.J., Computer: Bit Slices from a Life, Third Millenium Books, Novato CA (1991), ISBN 0-88733-085 [3rd ed mss)].
  7. Brennan, Jean Ford, The IBM Watson Laboratory at Columbia University: A History, IBM, Armonk NY (1971).
  8. Bashe, Charles J.; Lyle R. Johnson; John H. Palmer; Emerson W. Pugh, IBM's Early Computers, MIT Press (1985).
  9. The Charles Babbage Institute lists an IBM 610 manual among its holdings.

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Most recent update: Wed Apr 29 16:38:16 2009


Frank da Cruz / fdc@columbia.edu / Columbia University Computing History