fdc@columbia.edu
Last update:  3 September 2020
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Frank da Cruz Frank da Cruz, formerly:
Director, Communications Software Development
Columbia University Information Technology (CUIT)
Columbia University
612 West 115th Street
New York NY   10025
USA
Before that: US Army, NYC taxi driver, musician.
BS Columbia 1970; MS Columbia Engineering 1977.
Presently: National Associate (for the Bronx), Living New Deal, University of California at Berkeley.

NEW: Victor Grossman books, review of two books about East Germany (3 September 2020).
NEW: Frankfurt, Germany: Prewar, wartime, and postwar gallery (6 May 2020).
NEW: Bainbridge Avenue businesses, Bronx NY, in the COVID-90 epidemic (May 2-3, 2020).
NEW: Translations of Kermit, New Deal, and computer history pages into many languages (2013-2020)
NEW: Aymar Embury II — Forgotten architect of the NYC New Deal (November 2019)

Security Notice: This is a read-only website and does not need to be encrypted because it does not collect any information from readers. In any case, Columbia University is in the process of converting all the websites within its domain (including this one) to HTTPS; one day it will happen but progress is slow due to the virus.

New May 2015: Berlin 1961-62 photo gallery

The Kermit Project

Data communications protocol and software project founded in 1981:
At the Computer History Museum:
Kermit Project Oral History Panel (Jeffrey Altman, Bill Catchings, Frank da Cruz)
MS-DOS Kermit Oral History (Joe Doupnik)
Kermit Project Document Archive (16 boxes of fun)
Other computer museum contributions

Online Archive of California
Guide to the Frank da Cruz Kermit records
The New Open Source Kermit Project (2011-present)
Home page: http://www.kermitproject.org
What Is Kermit?: http://kermitproject.org/kermit.html
What's New? http://kermitproject.org/whatsnew.html
C-Kermit for Unix and VMS: http://kermitproject.org/ckermit.html
Kermit 95 for Windows: http://kermitproject.org/k95.html
E-Kermit for embedding: http://kermitproject.org/ek.html
The Kermit scripting language: http://kermitproject.org/ckscripts.html
Books: http://kermitproject.org/books.html
Bibliography: http://kermitproject.org/biblio.html
International Kermit Conference, Moscow USSR 1989
Gallery: http://columbia.edu/cu/computinghistory/ussr/.
The Original Kermit Project - Columbia University (1981-2011)
This site was frozen by Columbia U in 2011.
Home page: http://columbia.edu/kermit/
Complete software archive as of 2011: http://columbia.edu/kermit/archive.html
C-Kermit binaries versions 5A–9.0: (1992-2011) http://www.kermitproject.org/ckbinaries.html
Brief history: http://kermitproject.org/dec20.html#kermit

I was laid off from Columbia U in 2011. My last day was June 30th, 2011, and then I spent the next 3 months cleaning up:

Columbia University Computing History

History of Computing at Columbia University (1879-2005)
http://columbia.edu/cu/computinghistory/
Computing at Columbia (Columbia 250, 2004)
http://c250.columbia.edu/c250_perspectives/write_history/61.html
Wallace Eckert, Computer Pioneer (Columbia 250)
http://c250.columbia.edu/c250_celebrates/your_columbians/wallace_eckert.html
The DECSYSTEM-20 at Columbia University (1977-1988)
http://kermitproject.org/dec20.html
Watson Lab Conduit Trenching (May 1985)
http://columbia.edu/cu/computinghistory/conduit

Other Computing Topics

MM: The 1980s-era email client that I still use (and maintain) (2006-present)
http://www.kermitproject.org/mm/
What Is a Terminal?
http://www.kermitproject.org/terminals.html
Safe Network Computing - Windows Desktop (2001)
http://columbia.edu/kermit/safe.html
Programming Language Survey (1980)
ftp://ftp.kermit.columbia.edu/kermit/dec20/languages.info

New York City

New Deal Projects in New York City (2012-present)
http://kermitproject.org/newdeal/
Galleries, tables, narrative. Mainly the Bronx but also some Manhattan, Queens, and Brooklyn, with side trips to Virginia and New Mexico.
Williamsbridge Oval Park — 80th Anniversary of a WPA creation (2017)
http://kermitproject.org/bronx/ovalpark80/
Aymar Embury II - The real Master Builder of the Great Depression
http://kermitproject.org/newdeal/embury/article.html (profile)
http://kermitproject.org/newdeal/embury/ (list of projects)
http://kermitproject.org/newdeal/embury/gallery/ (photo gallery of projects)
Bronx Photo Gallery (2012-present) (Also available as a slide show)
http://kermitproject.org/bronx/
Bronx Day Parade and Festival (2014-present)
http://columbia.edu/~fdc/bronxday/
University Food Market (1957-2003)
http://columbia.edu/~fdc/ufm.html/ (English)
http://columbia.edu/~fdc/ufm-es.html/ (Spanish)
Samad's Deli (photos from 2012-14)
http://columbia.edu/~fdc/Samad
La Rosita (December 2006)
http://columbia.edu/~fdc/larosita.html
Upper Manhattan Running Zone (last update: July 2014)
http://columbia.edu/~fdc/running/
Columbia University Area Photos
http://columbia.edu/~fdc/uws20120914/ (September 2012)
http://columbia.edu/~fdc/uws20120915/ (September 2012)
http://columbia.edu/~fdc/cu/200204/ (April 2002)
http://columbia.edu/~fdc/cu/200212/ (December 2002)

Countries, Languages, Character Sets

Translations of Kermit, computer history, New Deal pages into different languages
http://kermitproject.org/translations.html
Frank's Compulsive Guide to International Postal Addresses (1988-present)
http://columbia.edu/~fdc/postal/
UTF-8 Sampler (text in many languages) (2000-present)
http://www.kermitproject.org/utf8.html
Say PEACE In All Languages! (March-April 2003)
http://columbia.edu/~fdc/pace
Representing Middle English Manuscripts on the Web with UTF-8 (August 2002)
http://kermitproject.org/st-erkenwald.html
Interchange of Non-English Computer Text (1994)
http://kermitproject.org/accents.html
HTML (Web-page) sample and tutorial (for making simple Web pages "by hand")
http://columbia.edu/~fdc/sample.html

Germany

Frankfurt American High School, Army-brat history from the 1950s and 60s (2003-present)
http://columbia.edu/~fdc/frankfurt/ (gallery)
http://columbia.edu/~fdc/family/frankfurt.html (narrative: new May 2019)
Berlin 1959 Gallery
http://columbia.edu/~fdc/germany/berlin1959/
Berlin 1961-62 Gallery
http://columbia.edu/~fdc/germany/berlin1961/
Army - Kaiserslautern and Stuttgart - 1963-66 Gallery
http://columbia.edu/~fdc/army
http://columbia.edu/~fdc/family/army.html (narrative: new May 2019)
East Germany Reconsidered - Books by Victor Grossman
http://columbia.edu/~fdc/germany/grossman.html
Messerschmitt Kabinenroller (und andere Kleinwagen) (1954)
http://columbia.edu/~fdc/frankfurt/messerschmitt.html
BMW R-26 (1956)
http://columbia.edu/~fdc/frankfurt/bmw-r26.html

Politics

Note: I'm a Viet-Nam era Army veteran as well as a military brat, and both my parents were World War II veterans.
Bernie Sanders
http://columbia.edu/~fdc/election2020.html
Columbia University 1968 (the student uprising)
http://columbia.edu/cu/computinghistory/1968/index.html
Don't Trust Anyone Under 50! (Columbia 250, 2004)
http://c250.columbia.edu/c250_perspectives/write_history/282.html

Virginia

Photos of Chesterbrook, Virginia, 1947-55 (2014)
http://columbia.edu/~fdc/virginia

Chesterbrook, Virginia, 1947-55 (narrative, 2020)
http://columbia.edu/~fdc/family/chesterbrook.html

New Deal Projects in Virginia (2017-2020)
http://kermitproject.org/newdeal/virginia/

Family history

International research project into my Portuguese, Norwegian, and German families, my ex-wife's African-American family, and my cousins' Lebanese and Palestinian families, with a large family tree going back 12 generations:
http://columbia.edu/~fdc/family/

Index to individual chapters:
http://columbia.edu/~fdc/family/#resources

Recipes

Publications (and semi-publications)

Also see: Kermit Bibliography and Kermit Project Books Online.

Miscellaneous

Milestones in the Annals of Junkmail (July 2002)
http://columbia.edu/kermit/george.html
No Wax Please!
http://columbia.edu/~fdc/nowax.html

Frank da Cruz / fdc@columbia.edu