Before that: US Army, musician, NYC yellow taxi driver; programmer,
BS Columbia 1970; MS Columbia Engineering 1977.
(for the Bronx), Living New Deal
University of California at Berkeley.
progress (updated daily).
злато - 1 September 2022, updated 15 November 2022.
for Microsoft Windows (replaces Kermit 95) in Beta test,
17 July 2022.
NYC New Deal
(loads much faster as of 7 July 2022).
- Youtube video:
Bronx, NY, May 2022.
- The Columbia
University Kermit website is having its many FTP links converted to HTTP
(by me), May-October 2021.
- The Columbia
University Computing History website — all 700+ pages of it
— has been brought into compliance with current HTML and
"responsiveness" standards (6 April 2021)
- The Washington
DC National Mall in World War II (19 March 2021)
- Kermitproject.org website
is now encrypted (16 February 2021)
Hill, Arlington VA, 1956-61: The Segregation Wall (19 January 2021)
- Now Or Never:
A New New Deal (10 November 2020).
- Victor Grossman
books, review of two books about East Germany (3 September 2020).
- Frankfurt, Germany:
Prewar, wartime, and postwar image gallery (6 May 2020).
Avenue businesses, Bronx NY, in the COVID-19 epidemic (May 2-3, 2020).
Translations of Kermit, New Deal, and computer history pages into many
Embury II — Forgotten architect of the NYC New Deal (November 2019)
This is a read-only website and does not need to be encrypted because
it does not collect any information from readers. In any case, Columbia
University is in the process of converting all the websites within its
domain (including this one) to HTTPS; one day it will happen but progress
is slow due to the COVID virus. The
new Open-Source Kermit Project
which includes the New York
City New Deal website, was converted to HTTPS: on 16 February 2021.
The Kermit Project
Data communications protocol and software project founded at
Columbia in 1981:
- C-Kermit development
- C-Kermit 10.0
Beta.06 test (14 October 2022)
- Kermit's Fortieth Anniversary, 19 April 2021
- At the
Computer History Museum:
Project Oral History Panel (Jeffrey Altman, Bill Catchings, Frank da Cruz)
Kermit Oral History (Joe Doupnik)
Project Document Archive (16 boxes of fun)
computer museum contributions
- Online Archive of California
to the Frank da Cruz Kermit records
- The New Open Source Kermit Project (2011-present)
- Home page: https://www.kermitproject.org
What Is Kermit?:
Current software archive:
C-Kermit for Unix and VMS:
Kermit 95 for Windows:
E-Kermit for embedding:
The Kermit scripting language:
- The Original Kermit Project - Columbia University (1981-2011)
- This site was frozen by Columbia U in 2011.
Home page: http://columbia.edu/kermit/
Complete software archive as of 2011:
C-Kermit binaries versions 5A–9.0: (1992-2011)
Brief history: https://kermitproject.org/dec20.html#kermit
- International Kermit Conference, Moscow USSR 1989
I was laid off from Columbia U in 2011.
My last day was June 30th, 2011, and then I spent the
next 3 months cleaning up:
Columbia University Computing History
- History of Computing at Columbia University (1879-2019)
- Computing at Columbia (Columbia
- Wallace Eckert, Computer Pioneer (Columbia 250)
- The DECSYSTEM-20 at Columbia University (1977-1988)
- Watson Lab Conduit Trenching (May 1985)
Other Computing Topics
- MM: The 1980s-era email client that I used and maintained until 2015
- What Is a Terminal?
- Safe Network Computing - Windows Desktop (2001)
- Programming Language Survey (1980)
New York City
- New Deal Projects in New York City (2012-present)
Photo galleries, tables, narrative. Mainly the Bronx but also some sites
in other boroughs, with side trips to Virginia and New Mexico.
- Williamsbridge Oval Park — 80th Anniversary of a WPA creation (2017)
- Aymar Embury II - The real Master Builder of the Great Depression
https://kermitproject.org/newdeal/embury/ (list of projects)
https://kermitproject.org/newdeal/embury/gallery/ (photo gallery of projects)
- Bronx Photo Gallery (2012-present) (Also available as
a slide show)
- Bronx Day Parade and Festival galleries (2014-present)
- University Food Market (1957-2003)
- http://columbia.edu/~fdc/ufm.html/ (English)
- Samad's Deli (photos from 2012-14)
- La Rosita (December 2006)
- Upper Manhattan Running Zone (last update: July 2014)
- Columbia University Area Photos
- http://columbia.edu/~fdc/uws20120914/ (September 2012)
http://columbia.edu/~fdc/uws20120915/ (September 2012)
http://columbia.edu/~fdc/cu/200204/ (April 2002)
http://columbia.edu/~fdc/cu/200212/ (December 2002)
Countries, Languages, Character Sets
- Translations of Kermit, computer history, New Deal pages into different
- Frank's Compulsive Guide to International Postal Addresses (1988-present)
- UTF-8 Sampler (text in many languages) (2000-present)
- Say PEACE In All Languages! (March-April 2003)
- Representing Middle English Manuscripts on the Web with UTF-8 (August 2002)
- Interchange of Non-English Computer Text (1994)
- HTML (Web-page) sample and tutorial (for making simple Web pages "by hand")
- Frankfurt American High School, Army-brat history from the 1950s and 60s
(narrative: work in progress, currently about 62 pages)
(gallery, mostly from 2003-2006)
- Berlin 1959 Gallery
- Berlin 1961-62 Gallery
- Army - Kaiserslautern and Stuttgart - 1963-66 Gallery
(narrative: new May 2019)
- East Germany Reconsidered - Books by Victor Grossman
- Messerschmitt Kabinenroller (und andere Kleinwagen) (1954)
- BMW R-26 (1956)
Note: I'm a Viet-Nam era Army veteran as well as a military brat, and
my parents were World War II veterans.
- Now Or Never:
A New New Deal (10 November 2020).
- Columbia University 1968 (the student uprising)
- Recent USA elections
- The 2022 midterms
- Don't Trust Anyone Under 50! (Columbia
- Chesterbrook, Virginia, 1947-55 (narrative, work in progress,
about 14 pages )
- Photos of Chesterbrook, Virginia, 1947-55 (gallery, 2014)
- New Deal Projects in Virginia (2017-2020)
- International research project into my Portuguese, Norwegian, and
German/Swiss families, my ex-wife's African-American family, and my
cousins' Lebanese and Palestinian families, with a large family tree going
back many generations:
- Index to individual chapters:
A File Transfer Protocol, Digital Press (1987), 379pp; with
Foreword by Donald Knuth. In print for 14 years. A Russian edition by the
USSR Academy of Sciences was in preparation when the Soviet Union collapsed
and was therefore never published
- "Using C-Kermit" (with C. Gianone), Digital Press (1992, first edition),
C-Kermit (with C. Gianone), 2nd Ed, Digital Press (1997),
C-Kermit: Einführung und Referenz, Verlag
Heinz Heise, Hannover (1997). With Christine
M. Gianone, German translation by Gisbert W. Selke.
- Kermit 95
(with C. Gianone), Manning Publications (1996), 88pp.
Reissued periodically until 2003 in updated
Also see: Kermit
Project Books Online
- What's The Difference?, with Charles Harris, Reading is
- Countless articles in the Columbia University Computer Center
Newsletter (which changed its name about 100 times over the years)
and other Computer Center publications, 1975-2003.
Assembly Language Guide (with Chris Ryland), July 1980 (unfinished).
- Numerous articles in
Kermit News, the journal of the Kermit Project, 1986-93.
- Kermit, A
Simple File Transfer Protocol for Microcomputers and Mainframes
(with Bill Catchings), BYTE Magazine, June and July 1984.
- A series of articles about digital PBXs in McGraw-Hill Data
Communications magazine (with C. Gianone), 1987-88.
- “Circumnavigating the Web with MS-DOS Kermit”,
On The Internet, Internet Society, Vol.1 No.2 (May/June 1995),
- "Columbia 1968", Columbia Librarian, V.XXVII, 1-2, Fall-Winter 1999,
and on the Web (in much-expanded form) at
- Forewords and Prefaces in various data communication and networking books,
Matrix, and listed in the acknowledgements of many
others, e.g. McNamara's Technical
Aspects of Data Communications and
Unicode Standard Version 3.0, The Unicode Consortium, Addison-Wesley
Supplemental Terminal Graphics for Unicode, UTC Document L2/00-159 / ISO
WG2 Document N2265, 31 March 2000: 18 characters added
in Unicode 3.2 and ISO/IEC ISO 10646-1:2000/Amd.1.
- Internet RFC 2839 (with J. Altman), May 2000.
- Internet RFC 2840 (with J. Altman), May 2000.
- A photo
credit in Fortune Magazine (Jaquard loom), China edition, August 2001.
- "Columbia University Computing History", IEEE Annals of the History of
Computing, V24#2, April-June 2002 (Abstract) and on the Web at
Columbia, Columbia University Press (2003), a history of Columbia
University by Robert McCaughey, for contributions on computing and the
1968 student uprising.
- A photo credit in the book John
Lennon: All I Want Is the Truth by Elizabeth Partridge (2005)
(for this photo).
- Pictured on front page of ComputerWorld, July 4, 2005,
(mis)quoted in accompanying
that Legacy" by Gary Anthes).
- Feature article in Frankfurter Neue Presse, 22 July 2006:
"Warum Frank aus N.Y. nicht von Frankfurt lassen kann" by Inga Schulze
- Photo credit in the book American Military Communities in West Germany by John
W. Lemza, McFarland and Company (2006), p.42.
- A photo credit in the book Berlin
Mitte und die Welt – wie sie einmal war 1914-1989,
P.J. Ortmann (self-published 2009).
- Photo credit, front page, Norwood
News, December 10-23, 2015.
History of the World in One Mural”, Living New Deal, University of
California at Berkeley, August 28, 2015.
- “Discovering New Deal
New York”, Fall 2015 Newsletter, Living New Deal, University of
California at Berkeley.
- “Fifty Years Ago”, The Veteran, Vietnam Veterans Against the War,
Vol.46, No.1, Spring 2016.
- New Deal
New York — fold-out map of New Deal sites in New
York City, The Living New Deal,
University of California at Berkeley (2017), with Richard Walker, Evan
Kalish, Shaina Potts, Linda Herman, Molly Roy, and Susan Ives (Evan and I
supplied most of the data). Also available as a poster.
Oval Park's Milestone”, Norwood News,
Vol.30, No.13, June 22 - July 5, 2017 [HTML]
This article resulted in Park's
Annniversary celebration on September 9, 2017, and the first public
recognition by the Parks Department of the WPA's role in creating the park.
- Photo credits: Brechin, Gray,
Through: Recreation and the New Deal”,
Living New Deal, University of
California at Berkeley.
Deal Art Experts Say Painting Over Mural Was Vandalism, Associated Press
article in the New York Times, 16 June 2018, relating to the New Deal
mural at DeWitt Clinton High School in the Bronx that had been partially
painted over, result of a half-hour AP interview with me
(among other interviews), plus photo credits. Also at
the Washington Post,
the London Daily
the Chicago Tribune,
LA Times, and several thousand other sites.
historic decades-old mural was painted over at a New York high school
during a repair project, CNN, based on a June 18, 2018, interview.
Witt Clinton HS painters destroy major art piece,
Bronx Times, 24 June 2018, by Alex Mitchell, based on interviews with
Gray Brechin and me (unfortunately, it says "PWA" everywhere it should say
- Milestones in the Annals of Junkmail (July 2002)
- No Wax Please!