Stokes, I. N. Phelps The iconography of Manhattan Island 1498-1909 (v. 5)

(New York :  Robert H. Dodd,  1915-1928.)

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CHRONOLOGY : THE RECONSTRUCTION PERIOD : 1783-1812
 

gress of the United States, be requested to represent in t
earnest raanner to the national government, the eiposed s
of the port of New-York, and the urgent necessity, in the present
raenacing atate of our exterior relationa, ot raaking and applying
auch appropriation a ot raoney aa raay be fully adequate to the pro¬
tection of that Iraportant part of the atate; and that they be fur¬
ther requeated to represent the destitute condition of our seamen,
the danger of their migrating 10 foreign countries for employment,
and the imperious conaideraliona of justice, humanity and policy
which combine In favor of ameUorating the situation of that meri¬
torious description of dtizens, and of securing tbeir services in
defence ot thdr country."—Senate Jour,, 31st sess., 207; Assemb,
Jouc, 31st sess., 331.

Tbe cororaittee to which was referred the coraraunication re¬
garding the burial of the reUcs ot the Jersey Prison Ship raartyrs
(see Mr 7) reporta lo the coramon council "Tbat they have taken
the subject of that communication into consideration and while it
brings to thdr recoUection an event which must awaken the sensi¬
bility of every American citiieo, still it seems to have been reserved
for the Tammany Society alone to have rescued from oblivion and
place on an imperishable basis the raemory of a large portion of our
unfortunate but much lamented fdlow citizens who perished de¬
fending the precious rights of our Uberty and independence.

"Your Coraraittee are therefore ot an opinion that the inter¬
ment of the bones of our unfortunate countryraen in the raanner as
proposed will be the raeans ot transraitting to posterity an event
which wiU be deeply engraved on the hearts of every American.

"Feeling 00 an occasion of this nature the Importance ot the
e] do highly approve of the laudable and patriotic
s adopted by Tammany Society, and do recommend tbat
we give to an undertaking of this nature every encourageraent that
may be consistent with the duties of the Coramon Council." The
board thereupon resolves that it does "highly approve ot the
patriotic raeasures taken by the Taramany Society or Columbian
Order tor interring the reraains ot the Araerican Searaen, soldiers
and Citizens who periahed on board the Jersey Prison Ship during
the revolutionary war with Great Britain, and that we will cheer¬
fully cooperate with the aaid Society by all proper means in carry¬
ing the aame into effect." A committee ia appointed "for the pur¬
pose of conferring with the Tammany Society and forming general
arrangements."—M. C. C. (1784-1831), V;  70-71.  See My 16.

In accordance with the report of March 21 (q. v.), the comraon
council adopts a petition to the legislature asking for a grant ot land
to enable it to continue Bridge St. "through the ground adjacent to
the . . . Governraent House to the Battery." A draft of a blU
for thia purpoae is alao approved.—M. C. C. (1784-1831). V: 71-
71. The desired law was passed on April 8 (q. v.).

De Witt Clinton writes to Henry Remsen, president of the Man¬
hattan Co.; "I do not think it would be prudent to purchase real
property in N York at present. I am indined to believe that our
foreign rdations will render aU properly in that place Insecure."—
Frora origind in N. Y. P. L.

The street coraraissioner reports to the common council "that
the walks in every part of the city have become so rauch broken,
and in raany places so dangerous to passengers, that very repeated
applications are made to hira to cause them to be repaired which he
ia unable to do, but in a very liraited raanner, as he haa no person
under him at present to perform that duty." Two men are trans¬
ferred from the cily inspector's to the atreet coramiaaioncr's depart¬
ment to perform the duties raentioned.~iVf. C, C. (1784-1831),
V:  73-74-

For an account ot conditions In New York at this time, due to
the embargo, aee Lambert's description under Nov. 24, 1B07.

An act ia paased by the legislature changing the name of "The
Society for estabUshiog a Free School in the City of New York"
(see F 19, 1805) to the "Free School Society ot New York."—Louij
ofN. Y. (1S08), chap. 99.

Street Coraraissioner Hunn reports to the common councU
" that a very good WeU has latdy been discovered in Barley Street
neat Broadway in a dangerous situation which has been covered
up some time In consequence of its being on the line of the Street
and that an old building covers the north side ot the wall ot the
Wdl, to which il answers as part of the foundation.

"That There are no Wdls within a reasonable distance of
this place, and it would be much to tbe convenience of the neigh¬
bourhood if it was raade usdul:  in order to do which it will be
 

only neceasary for the Superintendant ot repairs to lead it to the   I
Curb in the usual way." The board thereupon directs the super¬
intendent to "open said Well and fix a Pump."—M. C. C. (1784-
1831), V; 83-84.

Dr. Hoaack presents a memorial to the legislature asking it to
purchase bis botanic garden and to give him in payment some
of the public lands. This Is referred to a committee.—Assemb.
Jour., 31st sess., 393. On April 7, the committee reported that
it was too tate in the session to give the matter "that ddlberate
attention which its iraportance justly merits," and recoraraended
that Dr. Hosack resubmit bis petition next session.—Ibid., 31st
sess., 414.  See Mr 1, 1809.

The state appropriates $100,000 "to aid and expedite the
defence of the city and port of New-York."—L.Koi ofN. Y. (1808),

The corner-stone of the vault which is to contain the rdics ot
the American prisoners who perished on hoard the Jersey prison-
ship (see F 11) is laid on this day. A procession, conalating of
U. S. marines, private citizens, coraraittees ot different aocletiea,
the Tararaany Grand Sachem, "the Father of the Council," the
orator ot the day, the Wallabout committee, and a detachment
ot artiUery, march frora the old ferry al Brooklyn to the ground
choaen. The stone beara the following inscription: "In the narae
of the spirits of the departed free—Sacred to the raeraory of that
portion of Araerican Seamen, Soldiers, and Citizens who periahed
on board the Priaon Shipa of the British at the Wallabout during
the revolution.

"This is the corner stone of tbe vault erected by the Tammany
Sodety or Columbian Order, which is to contain thek remains.
The ground for which was bestowed by John Jackson—Nassau
Island, Season ot blossoms. Year of the discovery the 316th of
the institution the I9tb, and of American Independence the
32d." An oration is ddivered by Joseph D. Fay.—Am. Cit; Ap 5
and 12, 1808. See alao Account of tke Interment of 11,;oa Am.
Seamen, Soldiers and Citizens, wko fell victims of the cruelties of
the British, on board their Prison Skips al the .Wdlabout during
the Am. ReV; etc. (1808), 49-60, where the date is erroneoudy
given as AprU 13.

Pope Pius VII creates a Suffragan See at New York. This
new diocese comprised the atate of New York and the eastern part
of New Jersey.—Fa dey. Hist, of St. Patrick's Cathedrd, 49. See
dso Catholic Encyci, SI:  21 et seq.

The legislature grants lo the common council "so much of the
pubUc ground adjacent to the government house in the city of
New-York, aa shall be necessary to open and extend Bridge-
street in continuation frora its present limita to the battery,"
provided the eitension ot the street does not interfere with the
plans ot the federal governraent for defensive preparations.—
Laws ofN. Y. (1808), chap. 168.  See Mr 14, 21 and 28, and My 2.

"This afternoon at 4 o'clock will be launched trora the Ship
Yards at Hoboken, a beautiful Steara Boat, built by Mr John
Floyd tor Col. John Stevens. . , . Boata wiU be in readiness to
convey passengers across trora the Hoboken Ferry-House, No.
76 Vesey street.  .  .   ,"—,^m, Ci/., Ap 9, 1808.

The legislature passes "An Act for the further Encouragement 1
of Steam-Boats, on the Waters of this State," which extends
the Fulton k Livingston monopoly of steara navigation on the
Hudson five years for every additional boat they ahaU eatab¬
liah, provided the whole terra ot their privilegea shall not eiceed
30 years.—Laws ofN. Y; 1808, chap. 225.

The legislature authorises the comptroUer to reserve the upper    '
room ot the government house for the use ot the Araerican Acad¬
emy ot Arts (see F 12).—Laws ofN. Y. (1808),chap. 240 (§44).
The apartraents of the Academy in the governraent houae were
opened to visitors on Jan. 10, 1810 (q.v.)

The legislature authorises the surveyor-general to sdl $1,000 '
worth of state lands two years after the passage of this act, and
to appropriate the raoney "towards the interment at tbe WaUabout
on Long Island, of the relics of those American citizens, who
perished in the Jersey prison ship during the revolutionary war,
and towards the erection of a suitable monument, commemo¬
rating their merits and sufferings in the cause ot their country."—
Laws ofN. Y. (1808), chap. 223.

The coramon council ordera a public stocks put up in the   '
brideweU yard.—M. C. C. (1784-1831), V:  94.

A petirion of Lois Keefe, "present keeper of the Flagstaff at   '
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