Rawlinson, H. G. Intercourse between India and the western world from the earliest times to the fall of Rome

(Cambridge :  University Press,  1916.)

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Herodotus: Ktesias                 29

the Dharma by means of inscriptions upon the
face of the rock, may have been borrowed from
similar practices in vogue among the Persians
—for instance the Behistun inscription. Even the
Royal Road running through the Maurya domains
finds its parallel in Persia. How this influence,
precisely crept in, we are, in our ignorance of the
history of the Panjab at this period, unable to say.
Was there a viceregal court at Taxila, where
Sandrakottus had seen the stately Persian cere¬
monial in practice ? Or did he merely assume
Persian customs, as Alexander and the Syrian
Seleukids assumed them, because Persia, even in
decay, remained the greatest and most imposing
empire known to the world at that time ?

APPENDIX

I. Ktesias. Lassen^ thinks the current opinion about
Ktesias is too harsh, in spite of the fact that he had ample
opportunities to question Persian officials who had been to
the Panjab, and confesses to having met certain Indians who
had come on an embassy to Persia. Lassen says that we are
unable to judge Ktesias fairly from the summary of Photius,
as Photius only extracted the marvellous stories. Unfor¬
tunately, other writers who had an opportunity of judging
the work entire, have recorded their opinion. Thus Aulus
Gellius^, the eminent bibliophile, tells us that he bought a
copy of Ktesias on an old bookstall at Brindisium for a few
coppers, and was disgusted to find it full of absurd legends.
Lucian says that Ktesias wrote about things he had never

1 Ind. Alt. (1874), n. 641.              2 jVoc^. Att. ix. 4,
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