Rawlinson, H. G. Intercourse between India and the western world from the earliest times to the fall of Rome

(Cambridge :  University Press,  1916.)



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38    The Maurya Empire.   Megasthenes

By 315 B.C., Macedonian rule in the Panjab
was at an end, though doubtless very considerable
bodies of " Yavana " colonists continued to remain
settled in the Panjab, at "Alasanda of the Yonas"
and other settlements. They were united by ties
of marriage to the country of their adoption and
had no desire to return. Having established
himself in the Panjab, Chandragupta marched
against Magadha. This time he was successful.
The Nanda monarch was defeated, and Chandra¬
gupta, with the aid of his old ally Chanakya,
established himself upon the throne at Pataliputra.
He had thus built up for himself a far vaster Empire
than India had ever before seen, stretching as it
did from the Ganges to the Hindu Kush Mountains.
The lessons in imperialism which he had learnt
from Alexander had borne good fruit.

How well Chandragupta had used his time was
seen in 306 B.C., when Seleukus Nikator tried to
repeat the exploits of his former master. He was,
however, cruelly disillusioned. On entering the
Panjalb, he found himself face to face with a vast
and Well-organized army, and he was glad to come
to terms with his opponent. Chandragupta, on
the other hand, was alive to the advantages of an
agreement with the Syrian monarch, and an alli¬
ance was arranged. Chandragupta was to receive
certain provinces in Arachosia and Gedrosia over
which Syria had long ceased to exercise a de facto
sovereignty, while Seleukus was given six hundred
elephants to aid him in his war against Antigonus.
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