Rawlinson, H. G. Intercourse between India and the western world from the earliest times to the fall of Rome

(Cambridge :  University Press,  1916.)



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64    The Maurya Empire.  Megasthenes

engraved on the rock may be compared to the
Behistun inscriptions of Darius, and the lion
capitals of the Asoka pillars are clearly Persian
in style, though that style has undergone con¬
siderable  modification.



Pliny (vi. 21) says that the stages and distances on the
Royal Road are as follows :

1.     From Peukelaotis to the Hyphasis, as measured by
Baeto and Diognetus, Alexander's survey officers.

Peukelaotis to Taxila, 60 miles.

,,            the Hydaspes, 120 miles.

,,            the Hyphasis, 390 miles,

2.     From the Hyphasis to the mouth of the Ganges, as
measured for Seleukus Nikator (probably by Megasthenes and
other Greek visitors^).

From the Hyphasis to the Hesidrus 168 miles.
From the Hesidrus to the Jamna   168 miles (some add 5).
From the Jamna to the Ganges      112 miles.
From the Ganges to Rhodopha      119 miles (others give 325 2).
Then follow the words "Ad Kalinapaxam oppidum clxvii.d
Alii CCLXV. mill."    This is usually translated, " To the town
of Kallinapaxa 167J miles;   others 265 miles," which seems
a curious discrepancy.    St Martin {Etude sur la Geog. Grecque,

1  " Reliqua Seleuko Nikatori peragrata sunt." This is
of course a dativus commodi, not a dative of the agent. Seleukus
never went beyond the Panjab.

2  By 325 miles he must mean for the whole distance from
the Hesidrus to Rhodopha, not from the Ganges. He refers
to a shorter route, the longer route being 168 + 112 + 119 =
399 miles. There were several short cuts, marked by sign¬
posts, on the road.
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