Rawlinson, H. G. Intercourse between India and the western world from the earliest times to the fall of Rome

(Cambridge :  University Press,  1916.)



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72                Greek and Semi-Greek

Demetria in Sind and another town of the same name
in Arachosia. He probably absorbed the remains
of the older Greek principalities^, whose capital,
Alexandria-on-Indus, "Alasanda of the Yonas," was
famous enough to find mention in the chronicles of
the remote island of Ceylon. The fine coins struck
by Demetrius illustrate very appropriately the
events of his reign. In some, he wears upon his
head a wonderful elephant-headed helmet, appro¬
priate to the conqueror of India^. Another type^,
issued no doubt for circulation in his Indian
domains, is the square type, bearing an inscription
in Kharoshthi, the script then almost exclusively
used in the North-West Frontier. A third type
represents the king in extreme old age. On the
reverse stands Anahid, the goddess of Baktra, with
her starry crown*. It was in his old age that the
great conqueror was defeated by a rival named

1 Or are we to attribute this to Eukratides ? Eukratides
restrikes the coins of ApoUodotus, and it may be supposed
that ApoUodotus was an indigenous " Yavana " prince and
not a Baktrian. His coins are of a type all their own (Gardner,
IX. 8-13). Another explanation is, of course, that ApoUodotus
was a prince of the House of Euthydemus, who reigned at
Kapisa, and was conquered by Eukratides along with De¬
metrius and other members of the family. His coins are
certainly associated with those of Menander. But there may
be two princes of the same name.

^ Gardner, Cat. of Greek and Indo-Scythic Coins in the B.M.
II. 9-12.

3 Ibid. XXX. 3.

^ Ibid. III. I. For the crown, see Zend Avesta in S.B.E.
n. 82.
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