Rawlinson, H. G. Intercourse between India and the western world from the earliest times to the fall of Rome

(Cambridge :  University Press,  1916.)



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132      India and the Roman Empire

as running from west to east in a more or less
continuous line, only broken by the Gangetic
Gulf or Bay of Bengal. From Cape Kory to
the Ganges, we have a series of towns, of which
the most interesting is perhaps one, not named,
which lies between Maesolia and Palura. Maesolia,
the Masalia of the Periplus, is probably the
Masulipatam district, and Palura, at the beginning
of the Gangetic Gulf, lies a little further to the
north 1. From this place ships set out on the
voyage to the Far East^. Crossing the Bay
of Bengal, they arrived at Sada in the Silver
Country^, and from Sada to Temala or Tamala
near Cape Negrais. From here to a port called
Zaba *, was a voyage of twenty days ; and from
Zaba about the same distance to Kattigara.
On this part of the voyage, however, Ptolemy
admits himself to be very doubtful. His informa¬
tion is taken from Marinus, who in turn derived
his from a trader named Alexander. Alexander's
expression " some days," says Ptolemy, may
mean anything,—few or many.

Proceeding up the coast of India from Palura,
Ptolemy arrives at the mouth of the Ganges.
He is the first Western writer to mention the

^ Colonel Yule puts it as far north as the Ganjam river.

^ a.^€Tr]piov Twv eis ^pvarjv TrXedvrcov.
^ VII. 2. 3.     I. 13. 7.

* VII. 2. 6. It was at the head of the Gulf of Siam (the
Great Gulf). Yule identifies it with Champa, and looks for
it on the west coast of Camboja and probably near the Kampot
or Kang-Kao river.    {Ind. Ant. vi. 228.)
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