Bīrūnī, Muḥammad ibn Aḥmad, Alberuni's India (v. 1)

(London :  Kegan Paul, Trench, Trübner & Co.,  1910.)



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CHAPTER  VI.                               6i

grandparents, whoso does not do his duty towards the
angels, the maker of arrows and spear-points, come to

" The maker of swords and knives comes to Visasana.

" He who conceals his property, being greedy for the
presents of the rulers, and the Brahman who sells meat
or oil or butter or sauce or wine, come to Adhomukha.

" He who rears cocks and cats, small cattle, pigs, and
birds, comes to Rudhirdndha.

" Public performers and singers in the markets, those
who dig wells for drawing water, a man who cohabits
with his wife on holy days, who throws fire into the
houses of men, who betrays his companion and then
receives him, being greedy for his property, come to

" He who takes the honey out of the beehive comes
to Vaitarcmi.

" Whoso takes away by force the property and
women of others in the intoxication of youth comes
to Krishna.

" Whoso cuts down the trees comes to Asipatravana.

" The hunter, and the maker of snares and traps,
come to Vahnijwdla.

" He who neglects the customs and rules, and he who
violates the laws—and he is the worst of all—come to

We have given this enumeration only in order to
show what kinds of deeds the Hindus abhor as sins.

Some Hindus believe that the middle world, that one According
for earning, is the human world, and that a man wan- umdus, the
ders about in it, because he has received a reward which thro^^gh^
does not lead him into heaven, but at the same time animals"'^
saves him from hell.    They consider heaven as a higher place of"^
stage, where a man lives in a state of bliss which must ^'^^^'
be of a certain duration on account of the good deeds
he has done.    On the contrary, they consider the wan¬
dering about in plants and animals as a lower stage,
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