Bīrūnī, Muḥammad ibn Aḥmad, Alberuni's India (v. 1)

(London :  Kegan Paul, Trench, Trübner & Co.,  1910.)



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  Page 118  

Ii8                        ALBERUNPS INDIA.

digits, which must be reduced by one-tenth to become
common digits, in this case io8.

"To the idol of Vishnu give eight hands, or four, or
two, and on the left side under the breast give him the
figure of the woman Sri. If you give him eight hands,
place in the right hands a sword, a club of gold or iron,
an arrow, and make the fourth hand as if it were draw-
Page 57. ing water ; in the left hands give him a shield, a bow, a
cakra, and a conch.

" If you give him four hands, omit the bow and the
arrow, the sword and shield.

" If you give him two hands, let the right hand be
drawing water, the left holding a conch.

" If the figure is to represent Baladeva, the brother of
Narayana, put earrings into his ears, and give hira eyes
of a drunken man,

" If you make both figures, Narayana and Baladeva,
join with them their sister Bhagavati (Durga = Eka-
nansa), her left hand resting on her hip a little away
from the side, and her right hand holding a lotus.

" If you make her four-handed, place in the right hands
a rosary and a hand drawing water ; in the left hands, a
book and a lotus.

" If you make her eight-handed, place in the left hands
the kctmandalu, i.e. a pot, a lotus, bow and book ; in the
right hands, a rosary, a mirror, an arrow, and a water-
drawing hand.

" If the figure is to represent Samba, the son of Vishnu,
put only a club in his right hand. If it is to represent
Pradyumna, the son of Vishnu, place in his right hand
an arrow, in his left hand a bow. And if you make
their two wives, place in their right hand a sword, in
the left a buckler.

" The idol of Brahman has four faces towards the four
sides, and is seated on a lotus.

" The idol of Skanda, the son of Mahadeva, is a boy
riding on a peacock, his hand holding a sakti, a weapon
  Page 118